agriculture. Their circumstances were disparate: the head of a substantial manufacturing business, for example, would feel little community of interest with the sole proprietor of a greengrocery or bakery. All, however, shared certain circumstances not typical of most men considered for military service by the Tribunals. To a greater or lesser degree, they had a financial commitment to their enterprises: an investment, whether of cash, stock and/or goodwill, that represented an asset additional to their right to wages. They McDermott_MilitaryTribunals.indd 131 04

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–1918

immediate society. Nevertheless, most might be characterized as being of ‘rank’: that is, of a degree of status that distinguished them from a majority of those who applied to the Tribunals for exemption from military service. Among them, however, were notable exceptions that weaken any assumption of the Tribunal system as necessarily comprising a collection of self-serving ‘worthies’. When Northampton Borough Council sought a trades unionist to speak for the boot and shoe factory floor, a token appointment (or ‘fair and just representation of labour’) surely would have

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–1918

Looking back in 1958 to his Yorkshire boyhood in the 1880s and early 1890s, the writer Captain Frank H. Shaw testified unwittingly to the saturation of that era in heroic military imagery. Impressionistically recalling the memories which had remained with him over more than seventy years, he singled out three in particular. The earliest was the sight of a troop of scarlet

in Popular imperialism and the military 1850–1950
The surviving evidence for Newark-upon-Trent, 1642–46

Mortality Chapter 2 Controlling disease in a civil-war garrison town: military discipline or civic duty? The surviving evidence for Newark-upon-Trent, 1642–46 Stuart B. Jennings T he treatment and containment of epidemic disease proved to be a contentious and difficult area of governance for civic authorities across much of England during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The 1604 Plague Act, which superseded the Statutes previously issued by the Privy Council, had given local authorities and JPs more coercive powers to isolate infected individuals and

in Battle-scarred

This chapter covers the remaining categories of people who purchased landed estates with imperial wealth. It begins with military and naval officers. This group is somewhat difficult to identify as specifically ‘imperial’, as not all military and naval officers fought in imperial theatres; prior to 1815 in particular, many of them spent their entire careers in Europe. I have

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930

4 The concealment of bodies during the military dictatorship in Uruguay (1973–84)1 José López Mazz The political violence that occurred in Latin America during the second half of the twentieth century was deeply rooted in historic and prehistoric cultural traditions. To study it in a scientific way accordingly requires both the development of a specific set of cultural and historical methodologies and a leading role to be played by archaeological techniques and forensic anthropology. Our focus is in part on apprehending and understanding violent practices

in Human remains and identification

10 Prison reform and military conscription in Ireland ‘Outcast from joy and beauty, child of broken hopes forlorn’1 Markievicz was transferred to England on 8 August 1916, just days after Casement’s execution. Gore-Booth and Roper were the first people granted a visit to see her at Aylesbury Prison. The women, dressed in their brightest clothes, finally saw Markievicz after months apart.2 By now Gore-Booth and Markievicz were known to the authorities as women actively and publicly working against the British establishment. Not surprisingly the conversation

in Eva Gore-Booth

2 The exemption of peoples of Turkestan from universal military service as an antecedent to the 1916 revolt Tatiana Kotiukova In lieu of an introduction As a researcher I have long been preoccupied with the subject of “military service for the native population of Russian Turkestan”. After a year working in the Russian State Military History Archive, in 2010 I wrote a short article, which I  submitted for publication to the aptly-named Military History Journal (Voenno-​Istoricheskii Zhurnal). The editor felt that the title of my article was terribly dull

in The Central Asian Revolt of 1916
Asymmetries, uncertainties, illusions

for forts and their design by the French military, particularly in French Senegal, as an ultimate expression of colonial authority and power. According to Njoh, these projects and their accompanied ‘massive public works projects such as the construction of roads, streets, bridges, sanitation and related facilities were necessary to broadcast the authority and power of the colonial state over the

in French colonial Dakar

4 US narratives of private military and security companies in Iraq While many of us wanted to be a pirate in our childhood or had sympathies with rebels such as Che Guevara in our teenage years, very few people wanted to be a mercenary or private military and security company (PMSC) operative when they were young. And still nobody seems to like PMSCs. As Kateri Carmola (2010: 9) points out, ‘whatever they are, we do not like them’. At least since reports broke out of several fatal shootings in post-invasion Iraq – including the killing of seventeen civilians by

in Romantic narratives in international politics