study of these institutions shows that the realities of medical care in the colonies, which were dominated by commercial and territorial interests, were different from those of Europe. The medical establishment of Jamaica was not just an institution of modernization of the navy or of European theoretical and practical developments on diseases of hot climates; it rather developed as part of the colonization and settlement of the island. British hospitals in the West Indies were typically located within naval establishments

in Materials and medicine

naval campaign. The following sections will examine the periods of British abolition and the West Indian emancipations of 1834–38, the early Victorian crisis of suppression, and the era of the American Civil War, tracing across time the development of priorities, motives and traditions. Born of war (1807–30) On a practical level, the Royal Navy’s

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
The backwater

, imperial defence theorists had wanted coal guaranteed to the navy and denied to the enemy. The Carnarvon Commission made this official. The three reports established that sea access was a matter of survival; it was the navy’s duty to protect commerce; and local governments had to assume policing and coaling station defence with the aid of fortifications. 8 Almost every port was examined and decisions were

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
Abstract only

witnesses particularly recalling anger, joy, hope, shame, fear and despair. Within this affective spectrum, these emotions hold specific relationships to the phases and dynamics of contentious politics. This offers a means of understanding the emotionality of protest rather than simply discounting it.2 Military and naval emotionologies Reading the contemporary work of the Historical Service of the Navy, or the memoirs of admirals, divulges a stylised set of emotional rules.3 Peter and Carol Stearns pioneered the scrutiny of such normative affective frames through the

in Mutinous memories
Alfred and Victorian progress

5 ‘The root and spring of everything we love in church and state’: Alfred and Victorian progress At the second planning meeting for the Alfred Millenary celebrations, Conan Doyle asserted, ‘What we are commemorating is not merely the anniversary of the death of King Alfred, but the greatness of those institutions which he founded’.1 The institutions to which he was alluding included the navy, the British Empire, Oxford University and a free education system. In the 1901 commemorations, as we have seen, these claims were represented by processions of academics

in ‘England’s darling’
Coping with separation during the Napoleonic Wars (the Fremantle papers, 1800–14)

separation in earlier wars.2 As now, they experienced the anxiety of parting, loneliness of separation, vicissitudes of communication and fearful uncertainty of outcomes for their loved ones. Moreover, their separations were longer (three-year deployments were not unusual), and communication was much slower and sporadic at best. Many women – particularly sailors’ wives – also struggled with financial insecurity. The Royal Navy’s remittance system, established during the Seven Years’ War (1756–63), enabled sailors to allot a portion of their salaries to their wives or

in A new naval history

traders and their captives; perilous cruises to shore in dilapidated prize vessels; outbreaks of disease and the death of British sailors. It might seem natural that reports of this work at the coal-face of Britain’s anti-slave-trade policy should take centre-stage in its cultural dissemination. Regency Britain witnessed a rise in esteem for the gentleman-officer of the navy

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
An absence of trained nurses and basic resources

survey of military nursing from the time of Suleiman the Magnificent but makes no mention of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Russo-Turk Wars until the war of 1877–78. The section for the Ottoman Empire in the Turkish government archives lists no entries for the Crimean War. Most of what we know about the Turkish medical department comes from the writings of two British observers, Rear Admiral Adolphus Slade and Dr Humphry Sandwith. Slade spent many years in Turkey: in 1849, retaining his rank in the Royal Navy, he entered the Ottoman service as administrative

in Beyond Nightingale

secretary at Greenwich Hospital. By this time, the country was victorious, and Locker’s revised proposal to create a ‘national Gallery of Pictures and Sculptures, to commemorate the splendid Services of the Royal Navy of England’ was successful.3 Opening in the spring of 1824, the National Gallery of Naval Art was one of the first ‘national’ collections of art to open in Britain, preceding the foundation of the National Gallery by a matter of months.4 The Naval Gallery, as it became better known, was primarily a commemorative enterprise. From the outset Locker proposed

in A new naval history
Abstract only
A colonial world

life was underwritten by the Royal Navy’s gunboats and a garrison easily reinforced from India. The Shanghai Volunteer Corps, a paramilitary defence force, was a key institution for the British in the International Settlement, the focus of Shanghailander loyalty. Mark Wilkinson’s chapter shows that in January 1939 marines and navy personnel made up more than a third of the American community in Shanghai, and were twice as numerous as any other occupational group. There was a strong sense in which, however peaceful their avocations

in New frontiers