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The evolution of a subject

eighteenth century forward had given a unique character to political life in this part of the world and had provided its inhabitants with the will to confront totalitarian forces such as those that had just then been defeated in Germany and Japan. 1 More to the point it was being argued that attachment to those values was all the more critical at that moment when totalitarian regimes were engulfing much of Eastern Europe and other parts of the globe under the guise of communism. This outlook permeated the influential two-volume study by R. R. Palmer, The Age of the

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Relief, reconstruction and disputes over civilian suffering in the Anglo-Boer War, 1899–1902

concern, the women of the Victoria League were anxious to stress that their fund was, ‘purely philanthropic, absolutely non-political’. 23 At the same time, the League instigated (far more successful) funds for British war graves and British refugees fleeing for the safety of the coast. Garrett Fawcett and her government committee, comprising medical women, a

in Calculating compassion

transferred 3 – providing preventive and curative care to 104,000 people and training local staff. Political and humanitarian activities were intertwined in these camps. The Rwandese Refugee Welfare Foundation (RRWF) was created in 1979 and the following year became a political movement called the Rwandese Alliance for National Unity (RANU). From 1981 to 1986, some of the young Tutsis belonging to RANU

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings

came in the preamble to the first Hague Convention of 1899. Its author, the Russian jurist Fedor Fedorovitch Martens, sought to assert the principle of restraint in war. He had, however, to confront the fact that a precise agreement of terms was politically unobtainable. His compromise, the ‘Martens’ Declaration’ remained a general statement of principle

in Calculating compassion

Seminar were as broad as possible to allow for the widest participation and the exploration of the most interesting themes, however unusual or strange. Thus the first Seminar, in 1996, was devoted to the ‘Movement of People, Mobility, and Migration, Recruitment and Resettlement, 1500–1800’, which involved developments in Europe and Africa as well as the Americas. In 1997, we explored the imperial powers in America: ideas and politics of empire in the Western world. Similarly broad topics followed: ‘Cultural Encounters’, ‘the Economy of the Atlantic World’, and ‘the

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered

international war in Zaire, from 1996 to 1997. During this war, Angola, Uganda and Rwanda fought alongside the ADFL, while Burundi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and the United States were the principal providers of political and logistical support. 4 During this war, what became of the refugees living in camps in east Zaire who refused to return to their home country when the conflict started? They fled. There are many

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
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principles of the Arusha Accords (August 1993), was announced on 19 July. Political parties and personalities who had supported the interim government responsible for exterminating Tutsis were, however, excluded from the government. RPF officials were appointed to positions previously reserved for President Habyarimana’s party, the MRND. Pastor Bizimungu of the RPF became President

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
A programme for the teaching of history in the post- national era

nation states created during the nineteenth century. And while not all histories of the day were national in scope or outlook, histories of nations – that is, histories that sought to document and thereby conjure a culturally or politically powerful nascent ‘national’ consciousness from a welter of memories, myths, traditions, and established ‘facts’ – were among the most characteristic works of mid-nineteenth-century historiography. Men such as Jules Michelet (1798–1874) in France, Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800–59) in

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
From the ‘scramble for Africa’ to the Great War

Red Cross movement, and how, in a period of internal dispute and the greater politicisation of voluntary aid, the beatific Red Cross ‘ministering angel’, her eyes raised above political considerations, came to be celebrated as the idealised conduit of the public’s compassion. Voluntary aid and the ‘scramble for Africa’: the Sudan The Boer War of

in Calculating compassion

he terms self-organizing – mode of organization, far from dominated by any kind of top-down management or limited oligarchy. The core of the book focuses on the elaboration of distribution networks around the Atlantic. His work emphasizes the porousness of empire: it examines the flow of Madeira wine across imperial and political boundaries. 43 A very different kind of study, John Tutino’s Making a New World , focuses on a fertile basin, the Bajío, extending northwest of Mexico City, a dynamic mining and agricultural region, its influences and connections

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered