Politics and teething issues

sorted out.2 Many obstacles, however, were more likely to be local and administrative, with no road map yet in place. In Australia, the tensions which had inflected the negotiations did not disappear immediately, even with the change of government. As soon as word got out that the long-​awaited Fulbright Agreement had been signed, External Affairs began to receive notes of congratulation. Among these were carefully worded letters from people hoping to be named to the bi-​national board of seven directors who would oversee finances, selections and programming for the

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Programming academic fields

67 4 ‘Mutual benefit’ v. ‘the needs of the country’: Programming academic fields One early autumn day in 1951, a zoologist from Harvard University, called William Brown, caught a train to the Sydney suburb of Camperdown. Sharing his carriage was a group of Australian woolgrowers. They were in high spirits, for they had just pocketed their biggest ever wool cheques. Brown lifted his trouser hems and showed them his socks. He asked them to guess what they were made of. Wool, they supposed. When he told them they were made of nylon, the woolgrowers refused to

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
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Natural history, human cultures and colonial identities

Museums were an expression of the western conviction in the onward march of the rational. Local civilisations were also the prime focus in other Asian imperial museums. This is the first book that examines the origins and development of museums in six major regions if the British Empire in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It analyses museum histories in thirteen major centres in Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, India and South-East Asia, setting them into the economic and social contexts of the cities and colonies in which they were located. Museums in Canada have a longer, though somewhat chequered, history than elsewhere in the British Empire. The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) in Toronto and the Royal British Columbia museum in Victoria were two notable, yet very different, expressions of imperial expansiveness . The book then overviews two representative museums: the South African Museum (SAM) in Cape Town and the Albany Museum in Grahamstown. The origins and development of the National Museum of Victoria (NMV) in Melbourne, South Australian Museum (SAuM) and Australian Museum (AM) are then discussed. New Zealand/Aotearoa, with its Canterbury Museum and War Memorial Museum, has discrete origins as a colony in the nineteenth century. Imperial museums in Asia were unquestionably distinctive compared with those of the territories of white settlement. A number of key themes emerge: the development of elites within colonial towns; the emergence of the full range of cultural institutions associated with this; and the modification of the key scientific ideas of the age.

Health, climate and settlement in colonial Western Australia

In his 1873 account of his antipodean travels, Australia , novelist Anthony Trollope described the condition of each colony he visited. He was struck by the ‘beauty of Sydney Harbour’, the ‘pleasant, prosperous’ Adelaide, ‘boastful’ Melbourne, and Queensland’s ‘great sources of wealth – wool, cattle, sugar and gold’. 1 By comparison, the

in Imperial expectations and realities
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Temporal frontiers and boundaries in colonial images of the Australian landscape

In 1870, in the young Australian city of Melbourne, the Argus newspaper published a review by art critic James Smith of a new painting by émigré artist Eugène von Guérard. View in the Grampians from the top of the Sierra Range 1 depicts a vast, undulating mountain range that stretches from the middle ground towards a distant horizon, and

in Colonial frontiers

Traditionalists and revisionists As well documented by traditionalists and revisionists alike, a combination of domestic ‘bread-and-butter’ socio-economic, political and cultural factors played a very important role in persuading sections of Australian and British labour to jettison their ‘traditional’ political allegiances in favour of the adoption of independent labour politics. 1 The main purpose of this section is to provide the reader with a summary of these well-known factors

in Labour and the politics of Empire
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The British monarchy in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, 1991–2016

In the former British colonies of Australia, Canada and New Zealand, one could be forgiven for ascribing perpetual qualities to the British monarchical connection. Since the mid-nineteenth century, prophecies of the demise of constitutional monarchy governance have far outnumbered the political initiatives taken to remove it. The end of the monarchical connection has repeatedly been

in Crowns and colonies
At war in Vietnam

109 6 Education, or ‘part of our foreign policy’?: At war in Vietnam Late on the afternoon of 25 August 1964, officials in the Australian Prime Minister’s and External Affairs departments scrambled to change arrangements they had made for the signing of the new treaty between the United States and Australia. This executive agreement was to replace the original 1949 Fulbright Agreement and enable the continuation of the scheme into the future. Federal Executive Council had approved Paul Hasluck, minister for External Affairs since April 1964, to be the

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Australia and British migration, 1916—1939

The field of play in 1923, and its master: W. M. Hughes Over the past generation many analysts have questioned the moral validity of mainstream European experience in Australia. 1 These critics dwell most emphatically on the terrible effect of European settlement/ invasion upon Aboriginal peoples. More generally, European Australia has been presented as a

in Emigrants and empire
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Universities, networks and the British academic world 1850–1939

At the start of the twenty-first century we are acutely conscious that universities operate within an entangled world of international scholarly connection. Empire of scholars examines the networks that linked academics in Britain and the settler world in the age of 'Victorian' globalisation. It argues that long-distance personal connections were crucial to the ways late nineteenth and early twentieth century universities operated and central to the making of knowledge in them, and shows that such networks created an expansive but exclusionary ‘British academic world’ that extended far beyond the borders of the British Isles. Drawing on extensive archival research, this book remaps the intellectual geographies of Britain and its empire. In doing so, it provides a new context for writing the history of ideas and offers a critical analysis of the connections that helped fashion the global world of universities today.