the largest voluntary organisations of the period, the LNU
became a vehicle for the development and interplay of new dynamics evident
in associational life following the franchise extensions of 1918 and 1928.22
As attention shifted away from questions of electoral reform and towards
the character of the mass electorate now in existence, the League movement
nourished a rich conversation about the rightsandresponsibilities of democratic citizenship within religious and educational circles, amongst women’s
organisations and philanthropic bodies, and in all three of
. He argued that a greater sense of
national identity would produce ‘a clearer understanding of the common core of
rightsandresponsibilities that go with British citizenship’ and that these ‘will help
build our sense of shared identity and social cohesion’ (Brown and Straw, 2008:
193). However this failed to resonate because his credibility and character were
undermined by ideological infighting at the heart of New Labour (Heppell, 2008)
and his premiership was soon overtaken by events in the form of the global financial
In sum, Labour’s transformative
such as George A.
Romero’s ‘Dead’ sextet, both of which deploy
the zombie as an exploration of the rightsandresponsibilities of
humanity and the inherently oppressive nature of the neoliberal
In the UK, this was characterised by a belief in
active government dedicated to reducing social
: Black Rose Books, 1996).
18 Eng et al., ‘What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?’ p. 2.
19 Judith Butler, ‘Critically Queer’, GLQ 1 (1993): pp. 17–32, at p. 21.
20 Eng et al., ‘What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?’ p. 3.
21 Ibid., p. 4.
22 Engin F. Isin confirms that ‘citizenship studies often proceeds with a
focus on the three ontic aspects of citizenship: extent (rules and norms
of exclusion and inclusion), content (rightsandresponsibilities), and
depth (thickness or thinness of belonging)’. We can suggest that these
aspects of citizenship ‘arrive at the scene
Making environmental security ‘critical’ in the Asia-Pacific
and in social exclusion and the denial of rights where ‘human
beings suffer in their dignity through not being granted the moral
rightsandresponsibilities of a full legal person within their own
community’ ( Honneth, 2001 : 49).
Environmental harm arises in part through the costs to
life and health associated with environmental degradation and
unsustainable development. But it
Social, legal and biological parenthood did not invariably coincide in
the past. Different jurisdictions have various approaches to the ascription
of parental rightsandresponsibilities. However, the default legal position
is that a woman who gives birth to a child is that child’s mother and her
husband is the father – regardless of whether she is the genetic mother
or he the genetic father. Embedded in this view is the expectation that
the two members of the married couple are the legal and social parents
and also the biological parents of the child
publicly owned enterprises (where, for instance, the public owns a small percentage of
a company), a publicly owned fund at the appropriate scale could
exercise ownership rightsandresponsibilities (and there could be
a multitude of such funds nationally). Those funds could be managed by multi-stakeholder boards, have operational autonomy, and
be subject to many of the same requirements as the publicly owned
Against the whirlwind
Little has been said thus far about the mounting political, social,
economic, and ecological crisis – a systemic crisis
Harris, T. L., and Wyndham, J. M. (2015), ‘Data rightsandresponsibilities: a
human rights perspective on data sharing’, Journal of Empirical Research on
Human Research Ethics, 10.3: 334–7.
Freedom of research and the right to science
Knoppers, B. M., Harris J. R., Budin-Ljøsne I., and Dove E. S. et al. (2014), ‘A
human rights approach to an international code of conduct for genomic and
clinical data sharing’, Human Genetics, 133.7: 895–903.
Muller, A. (2010), ‘Remarks on the Venice Statement on the right to enjoy the
benefits of scientific progress and
globalised world in which a growing number of problems depend on international co-operation’. 14
For Blair, the Third Way response to such major changes and challenges ought to ‘meet four broad policy objectives’ – the development of, first, ‘a dynamic knowledge-based economy founded on individual empowerment and opportunity, where governments enable, not command, and the power of the market is harnessed to serve the public interest’; second, a ‘strong civil society enshrining rightsandresponsibilities, where the government is partner to strong
From each according to their ability
2.1 Introduction: rightsandresponsibilities
A traditional criticism of policy measures that transfer resources to the disadvantaged is that the recipients are effectively the beneﬁciaries of state-sponsored
largesse, since they are in receipt of beneﬁts that they have not personally earned
and that are issued to them regardless of the productive contribution they have
made. In short, the recipients of welfare beneﬁts are given someone else’s rightfully
earned money, for which they do nothing in return. This was a common