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Anandi Ramamurthy

and have-nots has been renamed as support for terrorism in the mass media. At the end of 2001 following the events of September 11 and the American bombing of Afghanistan, fashion stores such as Next, FCUK and Adams produced clothing and advertising featuring the American flag and its colours fostering support for the system which nurtures and feeds them – imperialism. The social, cultural and political

in Imperial persuaders
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The ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse and the EU’s emerging role as a holistic security actor
Christopher Baker-Beall

policy, to consider also the internal projection of what I have termed ‘EU identity’ through the formulation of its counter-terrorism and internal security policies. I have argued that the ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse is based upon – and contributes to  – the rearticulation of an ‘accepted knowledge’ about what terrorism is, who the terrorists are and what type of threat they represent, in the post-September 11 era, helping to strengthen a ‘conventional wisdom’ on how best to respond to that threat. In particular, I have sought to demonstrate how the discourse

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
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Sara Upstone

values. It reflects the fact that ‘In the post-September 11 climate, British Muslims are at the forefront of questions that turn on what it means to be British or English.’15 Focused on a Muslim ‘honour killing’ in a small, isolated British town, Maps is a coterminously violent and beautiful engagement with twenty-first-century British Muslim identity, at the same time that it continues to acknowledge Aslam’s interest in issues of migration and his Urdu influences. Here, then, the principle of positioning identified in the introduction becomes of great significance

in British Asian fiction
Kelly Oliver

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 23/10/09 16:08 Page 90 4 Technologies of violence and vulnerability Kelly Oliver Given that immediately following the terrorist attacks of September 11 one of the most frequently used words was ‘vulnerable’, it is important to reflect on the meaning and effects of vulnerability in relation to violence, particularly since the word most closely following on its heels was ‘war’. Recently, philosophers have embraced vulnerability as constitutive of our humanity. For example, Judith Butler and Julia Kristeva suggest that we need to

in Democracy in crisis
International man of stories
Peter Morey

proposals of ethical justice brought forth by the reading.10 In addition to the various literary prizes Mistry’s writing has won, further recognition came in December 2001, when A Fine Balance was chosen to feature on Oprah Winfrey’s television ‘Book Club’. According to Mistry’s Canadian agent, Bruce Westwood, ‘After September 11, Oprah wanted a Book Club choice that would introduce American readers to the east’.11 Ironically, less than a year later, this most unassuming and tolerant of writers felt compelled to abandon a promotional tour of the United States for his new

in Rohinton Mistry
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David Murphy and Patrick Williams

(his uncle), an act that leads to a cycle of revenge. (In 2002, he made a short a comic fable, set in Ouagadougou, as part of the portmanteau film 11/09/01 – September 11 .) Simple (but not simplistic) moral tales about power and authority, these films are clearly on a par with Yaaba and Tilaï but they have not received much attention from critics and have not been screened widely. Although these works have failed to

in Postcolonial African cinema
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Samuel Huntington’s The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order revisited
James Dunkerley

ways against great odds, always perilously, close to the abyss, the darkness never far.’ F. Ajami, ‘The Summoning’, Foreign Affairs, 72:4 (1993), pp. 2–​9 at p. 3. Michael Hunt repudiated the thesis in a rather different vein:  ‘Huntington’s interpretation, with its stark and value-​ laden delineation of regions in conflict, commanded considerable attention when it appeared and has won fresh converts in the wake of September 11… This “clash” interpretation has flaws that are troubling but also familiar in American foreign policy thinking. Huntington’s notion of

in American foreign policy
Stephen Benedict Dyson

President Bush – who came into office with neither interest nor experience in foreign affairs – was motivated to think deeply about foreign policy by the September 11 th 2001 terrorist attacks. He worked out his foreign policy beliefs in a context of fear, anger and threat. His response to the attacks was shaped by his black-and-white thinking and history

in Leaders in conflict
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

often challenged by the question: ‘Why then are you involving Islam in security studies? Isn’t this a part of Western Islamophobia?’ This chapter does not escape this challenge which has increased since September 11. The chapter begins by arguing that there are many different ways of responding to this question. Some scholars specializing in Islamic studies rightly question those efforts in the West that

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Politics, violence and resistance
Richard Jackson

being lost; terrorists are far from being defeated and the world is no safer than it was before September 11,2001. Obviously, these observations raise something of a puzzle: why would the American government persist with an approach to counter-terrorism and a set of policies that is proving to be both ineffective and highly damaging to domestic political life? Surely these

in Writing the war on terrorism