Open Access (free)
The evolving international financial architecture

by member governments and to identify publicly those that complied with the standards. While some progress was made, namely the establishment of the IMF’s Special Data Dissemination Standards (SDDS) to help countries better participate in international capital markets, much still remained at the planning stage. As the peso crisis receded from the headlines, and with Mexico making a surprisingly quick recovery, the G-7 and the IMF were content with making “minor repairs” – leaving fundamental reforms to the international financial system for another day.2 However

in The Asian financial crisis
Affect and ethics in fiction from neoliberal South Africa

relationships with the neocolonial operation of neoliberal capital. Each of these terms will be examined in more detail in the pages that follow. For now, it suffices to say that the extent to which post-apartheid South Africa has embraced free-market economics has, in the wake of the nation’s shift to democracy in 1994, not worked by and large to produce the social transformations necessary

in Neoliberal Gothic
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city; the capital is like its main square; the roads are like its streets. (Foucault 1984 , 241) Michel Foucault’s description of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century visions of the French city can also be applied to that country’s nineteenth- and twentieth-century colonial ventures. Infrastructure and transport networks were an important feature of colonialism, tracing

in Soldered states
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:02 conclusion249 petitions and personal letters written to the administrators at Dublin Castle illustrate the willingness of some members of the public to get involved in capital cases and to associate themselves, their professions and their businesses with the accused and her crime. Priests and ministers are occasionally visible in infanticide cases in their role as advisors and mediators in the community. Clergymen associated with the penal system visited women in prison before their trial and after conviction. As shown in chapter 6, Henry Hogan, the Church of Ireland

in ‘A most diabolical deed’
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Screening capital and culture in Airbag and Smoking Room

of a recognisable narrative structure. The illusion of the narrative diverts the attention of the spectator away from the market strategies that frame genre construction as a mode of exchange and, instead, mask the machinations of capital by legitimating genre as a ‘cultural norm’. This ‘generic pleasure’ would ultimately legitimise, or at least normalise, the narrative in question by creating

in Contemporary Spanish cinema and genre

proposals.2 And if the Banque de France had expected either to be consulted or to sight a draft edict, as was customary, its 200 principal shareholders were disappointed.3 The Crédit Mobilier was a powerful instrument in the expansion of French capitalism, the lynch-pin which facilitated a revolution in banking and heavy industry. It provided capital to fuel the needs of a resurgent rail industry which emerged under the Second Empire. It invested in shipping, the heavy demand of which for raw materials, processed metals and manufactures expanded exponentially over the

in Emile and Isaac Pereire
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-labouring class change. Class relations have been analysed primarily in terms of changing forms of domination and exploitation, and the ways in which they are mediated by forms of collective action and the state. As the bases of classes of labour’s reproduction and patterns of capitalist accumulation are modified, so too are the ways in which labour is controlled and is able to seek concessions from capital and the state. Differences have been shown between villages where classes of labour are integrated into non-agricultural labour markets as commuters to nearby cities, or as

in Labour, state and society in rural India
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Nodes, ties and worlds

some of the many ways in which music contributes to the generation of social relations and networks which have a wider significance. Music, I will suggest, draws people together, generating ‘social capital’ and shaping social structure. In Chapter 8 I revisit this theme, considering that it may also hold some individuals, or rather social groups, apart. As noted, the chapter draws upon formal social network analysis (SNA). The literature in this area is vast and in some cases highly specialised. I can only dip into it here (for a more elaborate introduction, see

in Connecting sounds
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disciplinary discourse which he had acquired with a view to doing full justice to the alternative mode of social organization for which he felt affinity from his own indigenous, familial experience in rural, provincial France in the 1930s. In the same way that he believed that Marxist explanations of social reality are not universal but only possess varying validity relative to the situations of individuals or classes on a condition/ position spectrum such that those holding high cultural capital are able to render themselves symbolically unsusceptible to the determinist

in The Bourdieu paradigm

that to hold a position of disavowed authority, the criteria for which I will detail presently, is even more contentious. As stated earlier, achieving authenticity as a squatter is a double process of exhibiting a number of skills and competencies that accumulate squatter capital in addition to being recognized by others as “real” or authentic by exhibiting mastery and rejection of acknowledged systems of taste and values as well as by negatively identifying against various groups. Similarly, to inhabit

in The autonomous life?