Search results

Scale of demand and the role of competences

whose markets for software were linguistically fragmented. This slow growth of software demand delayed a full-fledged arm’slength market in package software from emerging in the UK despite considerable national strengths in computing and related sciences. When a market started to emerge for traded software in the 1980s, niche market strategies, driven by heterogeneous demand, had an important impact both on the evolution of firm competences and on the nature of competition and competitive advantage in the UK software sector. While outsourcing of software has been an

in Market relations and the competitive process
Abstract only
Live television and improvised comedy in the Soviet Union, 1957–71

1961 and 1971, KVN became the most popular programme on Soviet television. A survey of Leningrad residents in 1967 showed that over 70 per cent of television viewers, from a cross-section of ages and occupations, regularly watched the show (Firsov, 1971). KVN was a competition between teams from universities, institutes, factories and workers’ clubs across the Soviet Union. Each team performed comedy sketches as well as improvised segments in dialogue with their competitors. The studio audience also took part in the show. A jury composed of media celebrities awarded

in Popular television in authoritarian Europe

Lovell Road Primary School to the Leeds Central High School. From there he took articles and became a student in the Law School of Leeds University. In his first year he won the Law Society’s Studentship, the top prize of a national competition. In his final year he obtained a First in the Ll.B examination – the first ever awarded in that examination. During his time at the University he was a member of the first Jewish Students’ Association there. Leaving university with such glowing results, Jos could have expected to find a position with

in Leeds and its Jewish Community

element of mass leisure in parallel, and in competition, with other forms, including the cinema in the country during the inter-war years. It would be easy to state that the NDA was an association born of the licensed trade, which simply imposed rules on the working-class pubgoer, but the situation was in fact much more complex. In essence, the formation of the NDA was a response to the demands from licensees for the regularisation of the game and from the brewers who, as part of their on-going schemes of public house improvement during this period, had begun to

in Darts in England, 1900–39

Challenges currently facing European labour movements are novel, yet a rich literature bears witness to the historic manner in which labour has responded to European integration. In this chapter, so as to root later analysis in relevant debates, I conduct an in-depth survey of this literature. I commence with an examination of historic attempts by labour to respond to European integration. Though prominent political economists writing after the Maastricht Treaty emphasized processes of competition (Rhodes, 1998a ; Scharpf, 1999

in European labour movements in crisis

6 Party system change since 1970 The structure of party competition can persist even when the protagonists involved in its promotion change out of all recognition. (Mair 1997) When playing the role of advocatus diaboli, it could be argued that the notion of ‘party system change’ is not only grammatically ponderous but also conceptually imprecise, operationally problematical and, ultimately, of limited utility in understanding the nature of policy-making in pluralist polities. If this seems harsh, it is none the less the case that, despite the extensive

in Scandinavian politics today
Abstract only

Chap 8 28/8/03 1:13 pm Page 178 Political parties 8 Political parties are organisations of broadly like-minded men and women which seek to win power in elections in order that they can then assume responsibility for controlling the apparatus of government. Unlike interest groups, which seek merely to influence the government, serious parties aims to secure the levers of power. In this chapter, we examine their relevance in Britain and America. The emphasis is on the competition between the two main parties in either country for the control of public offices

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
Abstract only
J.W.M. Hichberger

French and aristocratic; his great-grandfather, the Marquis Desanges, had settled in England in 1742 as a political exile. The artist was willing, when it seemed useful, to exploit his claim to the title chevalier . Desanges was an aspirant History painter, competing unsuccessfully in the Westminster Hall competition. He was also unsuccessful in getting such works as his Excommunication of Robert, King

in Images of the army

these narratives as they try to frame the policy debate. The extent to which one or more narratives exercise discursive dominance will be an important consideration. Finally, the chapter will offer a conclusion as to the explanatory power of this narrative competition for understanding the shape of contemporary foreign policy in this area. Opening lines of debate According to the Irish government’s White Paper on foreign policy, published in 1996, the consideration that lay at the foundation of Ireland’s relationship with the present-day European Union was the belief

in Global citizen and European Republic
Abstract only

encourage people to visit the pub to engage in social activity and to encourage existing customers to stay. Alternative leisure options were legion; pub customers always had a choice, which included the choice to simply stay at home. Any control that the brewers and licensees may have had through darts was not imposed but was rather more of a ‘soft’ control. The darts players who participated in league or other competitions accepted and adhered to the rules and regulations of the NDA whilst others took the option of playing the game in a casual, informal way and

in Darts in England, 1900–39