Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement

12 1 ‘Free gift’ or ‘infiltration’?: Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement The Australian Fulbright Program was born of a simple idea. That was Senator J.  William Fulbright’s proposal that people–​people exchange between nations was a better disposal of Allied countries’ funds than repaying the debt they had incurred purchasing US war materials. In September 1945, only weeks after the atomic bombing of Japanese cities brought an end to the war, Fulbright framed a bill as an Amendment to the Surplus Property Act of 1944, to ‘utilize foreign credits in many

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Instituting the Capital–Labour Exchange in the United Kingdom

4 Making People Work for Wages: Instituting the Capital–Labour Exchange in the United Kingdom The emergence of large-scale industrial production and waged labour changed the face of the world from the late eighteenth century onwards: the industrial revolution. Making workers sell their labour to capitalists owning factories was at the centre of this great transformation, although, as we propose in the next chapter, only in conjunction with modern and capitalist slavery in the New World. In MEAB, it was argued that the conception of an abstracted and closed

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism

Some Thoughts Concerning Education when they consulted him for advice about how to bring up and educate their son.26 John Locke was in fact Mary Clarke’s cousin, and a man with whom her husband also had a strong and lifelong friendship.27 Both Mary and Edward Clarke exchanged many letters with Locke from the 1680s onwards, several hundred of which survive to this day.28 Between 1684 and 1691, the Clarkes and Locke engaged in a three-way epistolary discussion about child-rearing, the results of which were immortalised in Locke’s famous work of educational philosophy

in Women of letters
Economy, exchange and cultural theory

an outside – an object of critical study or a prior discipline – or an inside – in the form of the very structure of a system of exchange that interdisciplinarity would appear to institute or name. In a similar vein, patterns of consumption within contemporary writing on ‘culture’ can be understood as the categorised items of an authoritative and knowledgeable critical

in Rethinking the university
From Manchester United as a ‘global leisure brand’ to FC United as a ‘community club’

the ‘community’ of Manchester which is borne out of, and intrinsically related to, the issues I have discussed earlier in this chapter as heightening the importance of issues of locality and ‘Mancunianness’ amongst local fans. Such a moral claim about Manchester United’s reciprocal duties to the ‘community’ in which it is based can be usefully analysed in relation to anthropological debates about gifts and commodities. Anthropological interest in gift exchange is often traced to the work of Malinowski (1978 [1922]), with his famous description of Kula exchange in

in Realising the city
Abstract only

Introduction Letters denote exchange, even the unsent letter locked in a bureau drawer speaks of the urge to converse if not the conviction to seal and send. For literate women in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the letter was a powerful tool  – one that privileged discourse, demanded reciprocity and drew letter-writers into a defining cultural practice of their era. The letters discussed here represent far more than the historical information they contain. As letter-writers put pen to paper they engaged in a very particular writing practice, one which

in Women of letters
Politics and teething issues

30 2 ‘A steady stream of new problems’: Politics and teething issues Negotiating the terms of the Fulbright Agreement had been concluded but, now, setting up the scheme brought a new suite of problems. Charles Odegaard, executive director of the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS), offered some advice to those charged with establishing a working exchange program. Odegaard was a history lecturer who would become president of the University of Washington, and was also a member of the Committee on International Exchange of Persons established by the

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
The long ordeal of Balkan Muslims, 1912-34

establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923 accompanied one of the most formative events in the episode of Ottoman collapse, namely the Greek-Turkish population exchange, the largest one of its kind before the Second World War. It was prefaced by the Greek-Turkish war of 1919–22, which razed parts of Western Anatolia and laid waste to the cosmopolitan Aegean port city of Smyrna (İzmir). When Greece and Turkey signed the Treaty of Lausanne in February and March 1923, the treaty institutionalised and legalised a huge population transfer in which 1.5 million GreekOrthodox

in Europe on the move
Bachelor soldier narratives of nostalgia and the re-creation of the domestic interior

served as a physical manifestation of feelings of nostalgia. Thornton Keep sought both solace and escape in his recollections of home, many of which were underpinned by his close relationship with his mother. Maintaining familial networks through the exchange of letters was far from unusual for men in the military and was a vital coping mechanism that underscores how men’s ‘tactile engagement’ with their correspondence provided the means through which ‘interpersonal emotions and networks’ were both established and sustained.58 Moreover, as Michael Roper also notes

in Martial masculinities

still lingers, death has become (the figure of the) interdisciplinary. 5 In a way, as Derrida in Aporias puts it, ‘death does not know any border’. 6 Indeed, to borrow terms from Baudrillard’s Symbolic Exchange and Death , interdisciplinary work might be viewed as staging the scene of the academic unconscious (itself the unconscious of a modern

in Rethinking the university