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Tony Kushner

practice in the age of mass migration. In Britain it led to the void in ethnic memory that was referred to at the start of this chapter. Its impact could be long lasting. In his Roots Schmoots: Journeys Among Jews (1993), third-generation British Jewish writer, Howard Jacobson, recalls that growing up in Manchester during the 1950s, there was neither interest in nor knowledge of migrant origins: Our grandparents, or our parents’ grandparents, had come over with chickens in their baggage fifty years before, fleeing the usual – some libel or pogrom or another, brewed up in

in The battle of Britishness
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From local to transnational
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

Anderson’s ‘imagined community’.11 Since most of the people who joined English societies knew about, but never met, their peers in far-flung lands, we find Anderson’s model, with its emphasis on the importance of modern media communication, appealing to explain this transnational identity of English ethnic societies, which formed and maintained impressive transoceanic systems of ethnic celebration.12 What is clear in all this is that, in an age of mass migration and epic continental expansion, these types of societies simply spread, through identified necessity, in line

in The English diaspora in North America
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Europe and its Muslim minorities
Amikam Nachmani

most of all in extremist (and mainstream) discourses that inflame and stoke anti-Muslim attitudes and thus allow the Union to slide to the right.129 All the above evokes doomsday forecasts, particularly because Muslim and Arab population growth in the countries of origin which is presently described as uncontrolled might be checked, but only by 2050. With millions of youngsters only now entering their prime childbearing years, their progeny will inevitably resort to mass migration, most probably to Europe. In ‘What defines us – how we believe?’ TIME magazine

in Haunted presents
The pillars of English associations
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

continues to this day,5 although it was clearly at its most profound during the nineteenth century, when, as a result of the mass migration across the Atlantic that we have traced in Chapter 1, the sheer volume of English migrants required robust systems of support. Within a wider context of expansion and growth, then, the first sections of this chapter explore the nature and extent of the charity provided by St George’s societies throughout North America. The aim is to reveal not only the level of support offered, but also the regulations that governed it. Moreover, the

in The English diaspora in North America
What we can learn from Marquandism in the making and unmaking of social democrats
Neal Lawson

of growth are shared, than the effect of that growth on the planet and therefore people. In short, there is no limit to how big the worker’s flat screen TV should be for a social democrat. There are two problems with this. First climate change always affects the poor most. Their houses tend to be in places that flood, they are more likely to be affected by droughts and crop failures that lead to both rising prices and mass migration, to the detriment of the poor who are moving, and the poor in places they move to, and they tend to live nearer roads and industrial

in Making social democrats
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Tamson Pietsch

of feeling, closeness of friendship and access to power. By paying attention to the nature and reach of academic connections, this study shows that the ‘world’ of British academia included the universities of the settler colonies. Thus, although it invokes Carl Bridge and Kent Fedorowich’s concept of a ‘trans-oceanic British world’ that included the colonies ‘set going’ by mass migration from Britain

in Empire of scholars
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Chapters 2 and 3. Using the British response to a plague epidemic which originated in China and came to global attention when it hit Hong Kong in 1894, Fletcher takes a long-term view (1880–1914) and a comparative approach, arguing that although nursing practice might originate at the centre it was constituted on the peripheries of the Empire. Thus colonial nursing engendered a complex network of nursing ideas which was fuelled and expanded by the mass migration of nurses from various locations within the Empire. Fletcher argues that by using crises, such as a major

in Colonial caring
Geraldine Moane

.4 The first is that Ireland has a history of colonisation, albeit with distinctive features. Systematic plantations and military invasions were well established by Elizabethan times (late sixteenth century) and the country was under colonial domination until 1921. This history includes suppression of culture and language, religious control, slaughter, rape, famine and mass migrations and emigrations of people. The second starting point is that postcolonial legacies continue to influence the Irish economy, culture, politics and society. In contrast to the

in Are the Irish different?
Intercultural exchanges and the redefinition of identity in Hugo Hamilton’s Disguise and Hand in the Fire
Carmen Zamorano Llena

and narrative voice in Hand in the Fire, has been deprived of a sense of Heimat by tragic historical and private events in his country of origin. The theme of immigration in contemporary Ireland and the experiences of the socalled ‘new Irish’ in the Celtic and post-Celtic Tiger context are themes that have attracted the attention of a number of contemporary Irish writers, including Roddy Doyle, Patrick McCabe, and Hugo Hamilton. A number of their fictional texts focus on the changes that Ireland has undergone under the influence of globalisation and mass migration

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
G. Honor Fagan

country located in the wrong continent’.10 It was the Great Famine of the mid-nineteenth century and subsequent mass migrations which, supposedly, converted Ireland from an Atlantic country to an American one. This shift in cultural geography was sustained, according to Dunkerely, by a ‘superabundance of myth’11 but was also validated by the one million Irish people who became US citizens in the second half of the nineteenth century. From this perspective, it is easy to leap to another end of century and an economistic reading which would ‘place’ Ireland as an ‘outpost

in The end of Irish history?