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Natalya Vince

experiences, political events, social change and, in some cases, exposure to public narratives about the role of women in the war. The two main discourses about the impact of the war on women which have emerged since 1962 are, on the one hand, the view of the war as a revolution in gender relations, encouraged at least by some men within the FLN–ALN, whether or not this was reflected in the institutional structures and social attitudes of post-independence Algeria. On the other hand, there is the alternative view of the FLN–ALN as an inherently patriarchal, and at times

in Our fighting sisters
Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley and Kevin Rafter

painfully hip at pensionable age normally means exactly that’ (Molony, 2016). However, it is much less obvious how prevalent sexism is, what forms it takes, and to which extent it has changed over time. Attitudes to gender in Ireland have changed massively in the period covered by our study. We can test the effect of exogenous social change on the Irish media by looking at gender bias. Indeed, we can also check the extent to which the media was an agent of social change in this respect. As in the other chapters, we do not look at a small number of episodes in detail

in Resilient reporting
Felix M. Bivens

particular professor. Compared to other photography courses he taught, this one become far more interdisciplinary and focused on issues of ethics and power. Rather than adhering to a paradigm of personal creativity, the course focused on the potential role of art to document complex problems in society and to precipitate social change through challenging perceptions and by influencing policy debates. Human health in the environment This course in the university’s biology department acts as a sister course to the documentary photography class; it is also structured around

in Knowledge, democracy and action
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Discourses of agency and progress in organisational change
Jonathan Hearn

efforts to manage staff in an unstable environment, and an existential issue experienced at an often intensely personal level. I begin with some ethnographic examples of how change was being articulated and wrestled with in some of the staff training courses I attended. Then in the middle, as in the previous chapter, I offer an ‘interlude’ of more theoretical reflections on the concept of social change and its relevance to the material. I then return to look more closely at aspects of how change was being represented in everyday talk and experienced by bank staff (see

in Salvage ethnography in the financial sector
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Rebecca Jennings

lesbian consumer culture, in the context of wider social changes in accepted women’s behaviour, played an important role in defining new models of lesbian identity based on butch/femme roles. However, while accounts of the role of consumerism in current lesbian and gay culture have presented consumer culture as a uniquely inclusive environment for lesbians and gay men, accounts of the post-war lesbian bar scene suggest that bar communities also operated to exclude certain identities in the past. On an individual and collective level, lesbians sought to challenge and

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
Eric Klingelhofer

political and social changes in the last generations of Irish autonomy. It analyzes architectural types and techniques associated with the late Elizabethan colonization of Munster, which may be applicable to early modern Ireland in general. The chapter concludes with a study of the tower-house, which was used widely by both Irish aristocracy and English colonial landowners. A key period in Irish history, the reign of Elizabeth began with a medieval, semi-feudal society and ended with a central state authority and displaced populations. The Privy

in Castles and Colonists
Bryan Fanning

realistic socialist threat the main focus of Catholic sociology was to understand and combat any kind of voice of social change that might foster secularism. De Valéra invited Cahill to draft a preamble to the 1937 Constitution. In their correspondence Cahill argued that ‘a constitution for Ireland should be, if not confessedly Catholic (which may at present not be feasible) at least definitely and confessedly Christian’.12 A number of provisions (Articles 40 to 44) covering social policy, the family, divorce, the role of women and the status of children all reflected

in Are the Irish different?
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Prelude to decolonisation? The inter-war empire revisited
Martin Thomas

the Chamber of Deputies and, even more so, in the Senate, undermined the government’s programme. Popular Frontism in the empire unleashed social changes and political forces that colonial authorities struggled to contain for years afterward. Herein lies its importance, regardless of the frustration of reformist initiatives. The apparatus of the French colonial state never lived up to the lofty ideals

in The French empire between the wars
Conversation between party and nation
Stephen Ingle

traced back to Restoration Toryism but the modern party took its shape in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries during a period of profound social change (see Mandler, 2007 ; Kumar, 2003 ). It is indicative of the confusion outlined in the introduction that when traditional English values were enlisted in the campaign to contain social change and parliamentary reform, the key thinker who deployed

in These Englands
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Art in the first industrial society
James Moore

generations who passed through their gates. Despite the increased scholarly interest in institutions as agents of social change, until recently art histories have been relatively silent on the general importance of institutional developments.91 Other disciplines have increasingly begun to see institutions as important in shaping patterns of human behaviour rather than simply being reflections of that behaviour. In economics the ‘institutionalist school’ has a long history dating back to the late nineteenth century, when figures such as Veblen, Commons and Mitchell all but

in High culture and tall chimneys