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Governing Europe’s spaces: European Union re-imagined
Caitríona Carter, Richard Freeman and Martin Lawn

means that first, we do not assume a single or universal rationality of Europe and the EU. Rather, we assume that individuals and groups hold 8 Governing Europe’s spaces varying subjective and inter-subjective representations and social constructions of Europe’s and the EU’s realities. For example, we cannot assume rationales for choosing European solutions and setting EU-wide instruments from imagined cost-benefit analysis. This is because from a constructivist or interpretivist perspective, there is no presumed single or universal way through which actors are

in Governing Europe’s spaces
Judith Renner

importance of agency and intentionality in the process of norm emergence. Finnemore and Sikkink in particular emphasise the central importance of intentionality, rationality and agency in their model of a norm life cycle. They tellingly refer to the process of norm emergence as strategic social construction” in which actors strategise rationally to reconfigure preferences, identities, or social context’ (Finnemore and Sikkink

in Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics
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Medicine, mobility and the empire
Markku Hokkanen

ways in which actual medicines were increasingly mobile in the modern era. 52 (Studies of medicinal plants and imperial botany have proved to be particularly influential. 53 ) The study of medical knowledge, as Mark Harrison has pointed out, has been marked by a strong, eclectic and heterogeneous tradition of social constructionism. 54 This book builds selectively on this tradition: knowledge may be

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
David Wilson

vociferous of the original dissenting voices about serial killing as a phenomenon belongs to Philip Jenkins. Jenkins (1994) argued in Using Murder: The Social Construction of Serial Homicide that serial murder accounted for perhaps less than 1 per cent of all American homicides, which would equate to some 200 deaths per year. Nonetheless this phenomenon had been ‘exploited by a wide variety of official agencies and interest groups, and the issue has been used as a multifaceted weapon in political debate’ (p. 3). He suggested that serial murder had been presented by these

in Law in popular belief
Nicole Vitellone

pleasure. (1991: 131) Requesting or insisting on condom use in this context can be a potentially subversive demand. The spontaneity of passion can be undermined. (1994: 24) The condom is thus understood to question and potentially subvert the social construction of men’s ‘natural’ sex drive. The practice of safer heterosex is seen to be especially problematic for adolescent males. For young men the performance of ‘real’ and ‘natural’ sex ‘concerns technique’ whereby the man is positioned as the ‘initiator’ and is expected to know ‘how to go about it’ (Crawford et al

in Object matters
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Frederick H. White

narrative theory is utilized by medical profession- 14 Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle als to gain an understanding of the realities of their patients’ lives with certain diseases and, in this same way, it provides a means of access for us into Andreev’s life with neurasthenia. The codification of illness Sander Gilman argues that there are at least two different levels in the codification of illness. One level is the social construction of the disease. The other is the internalization of these social constructions by those labeled as

in Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle
Michael Rush

publicly sponsored awareness programmes (2007:189). However, an ongoing absence of a focus on fatherhood was highlighted by O’Sullivan et al. when they suggested that the three ‘overlapping but nonintersecting’ conversations about ‘child well-being’, ‘work–family conflict’ and ‘gender equality’ tended to ‘focus on women, rarely questioning assumptions about the organization of men’s employment and care-giving activities’ (2009:236). Contemporary studies into the social construction of gender relations promoted the idea of men and women being able to balance paid work

in Between two worlds of father politics
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State-supported agency
Michael Rush

were to improve career opportunities for women and to increase men’s child-caring responsibilities. Haas et al. illustrated that the establishment of over fifty government commissions between 1929 and 2006 advanced epistemological thinking on gender equality and parental leave policies (2012:8). Hobson and Morgan singled out the 1972 Commission on Family and Marriage for recommending a ‘radical shift in the social construction of fatherhood’ through its encouragement of joint-custody as a response to the decline of marriage (2002:100). The shift in thinking about

in Between two worlds of father politics
Knud Erik Jørgensen

their opposition to methodological individualism, I find it equally important that many social constructions actually are characterised by stability and therefore are relatively enduring or static. In principle that could be a second reason for constructivists to favour elements of structure in their studies. Furthermore, why should we explain why and how constructions vary across countries? It puzzles me that social

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Carter’s ambivalent cinematic fiction and the problem of proximity
Marie Mulvey-Roberts

, Eve explains, ‘I saw a young woman who, though she was I, I could in no way acknowledge as myself, for this one was only a lyrical abstraction of femininity to me, a tinted arrangement of curved lines’ (2008: 74).19 Recognizing this split, it might be more appropriate to refer to ‘Eve/lyn’ rather than ‘Eve’ or ‘Evelyn’ in order to mark the ambiguity of gender and sex represented here.20 What is also worth noting is that in referring to femininity as ‘a lyrical abstraction’, Eve has begun to appreciate that gender may be more of a social construction than she had

in The arts of Angela Carter