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witchcraft on the borderline of religion and magic
Éva Pócs

Europe including aspects of divine jurisdiction, ordeal and divination; in fact, in many respects it functions subordinated to them. The classic West European suspicion-accusation bewitchments can be found in Hungarian and Transylvanian witchcraft trials from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, and some of its features are still discernible among the twentieth-century Hungarian population of both Hungary and Transylvania. 3 Witchcraft as a

in Witchcraft Continued
Nigel Grizzard

events that affected the Leeds Jewish community in the first two decades of the twentieth century? When Queen Victoria died in 1901 and Edward VII became king, it was twenty years since the start of the great flood of Jewish immigrants into the city of Leeds from Russia and Poland. Twenty years was sufficient time for many to establish themselves, to open shops, businesses and small factories, to make the move from being a ‘greenhorn’, from being regarded as ‘off the boat’ and working class towards joining the lower middle classes. The

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Abstract only
John Carter Wood

. Larger contexts Christianity helped build the twentieth century through its influence on concepts, movements and institutions. Developing this point requires a middle way all its own. Religious ideas (like any others) should be seen as independent variables and not simply products of ‘real’ underlying economic relations; but religious ideas (like any others) must also be understood in the social contexts from which they emerge. One way of reconstructing both aspects is to focus on specific political projects, as I have done in this book

in This is your hour
Pamela Sue Anderson

world of the Enlightenment’.1 Second, this critique undermines Christianity’s relation to a ‘politics of rights’ that, according to Hauerwas, distorted twentieth-century theology with its focus on universal claims for individuals. Third, Hauerwas’s Christianity assumes that faith-community is destroyed by the autonomy of individuals that he finds in the secularising of liberal theology. But, in his terms, the ‘events’ of ‘Babel’ and ‘Pentecost’ reveal a theological remedy for the sin of autonomous individualism: the ‘bodily’ nature of ‘a community of communication’ is

in Religion and rights
Abstract only
Rosemary O’Day

; of the debate about the Reformation in the nineteenth century between Catholics and Protestants, and between Anglicans and Anglicans; of the historical position and methodologies employed by twentieth-century giants such as G.R. Elton, Patrick Collinson, A.G. Dickens, Eamon Duffy and J.J. Scarisbrick; of the impact of changes in the academy upon late twentieth-century and early twenty-first century treatments of the debate; of ‘popular’, media-directed perceptions of the Reformation since the nineteenth century. I do not pretend to 1 4035 The debate.qxd:- 9

in The Debate on the English Reformation
Abstract only
S. Karly Kehoe

control over their own church – if you will, one of the earliest struggles of Scottish nationalism against domination from outside.49 10 Creating a Scottish Church Hanham goes on to say that what is most important is that ‘the native Scots won their battle’.50 But did they? Hanham claims that although Irish names predominated in senior clerical ranks by the middle of the twentieth century, the fact that they had been born and raised in Scotland meant that they were steeped in its traditions. His argument inspires a deeper consideration of the authenticity of Scottish

in Creating a Scottish Church
Abstract only
Uriya Shavit and Ofir Winter

Conclusion From the early twentieth century through to the Arab Spring, Arab Islamist and liberal thinkers alike have identified the Zionist movement and Israel as enemies, or at least as adversaries – but also as role models that provide examples that should be followed. There is no intrinsic contradiction in the duality of the approach toward the Zionist enterprise; it reflects an ambivalent treatment of the ‘Western other’ in Arab Islamism and liberalism alike. Islamists have perceived the Zionist enterprise as an injustice and a historical distortion, whose

in Zionism in Arab discourses
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The Jewish population of Leeds – how many Jews?
Nigel Grizzard

infants with the name Cohen aged 0 and 1 years. So, in a ten-year cohort there are 315 Jewish children named Cohen born in Leeds who survived until their second birthday. If the Cohen name was found in 1 in 20 Jews at the beginning of the twentieth century, then there would have been 6,300 Jewish children under 10 in Leeds. Here we go into the realms of speculation, but the Cohen birth figures show a young and growing community. Recent demographic research has used new methodologies to analyse census data based on the original census forms, which permits a more

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Ciaran O’Neill

15 Power, wealth and Catholic identity in Ireland, 1850–1900 Ciaran O’Neill Life is too short to follow a lisp into Burke’s Peerage.1 Arthur E. Clery, 1921 Catholics with money can be a rare sight in Irish history – a sort of mythical, unlikely creature. The preoccupation with connecting poverty to Catholicism suggests an institutional reliance within Irish historiography on the language of ‘endurance and emergence’ that has been passed down from, among other sources, the widely-read Christian Brothers schoolbooks of the early twentieth century.2 As Ian

in Irish Catholic identities
St Thérèse of Lisieux, St Bernadette Soubirous and the Forty Martyrs
Alana Harris

reconsideration of The Story of a Soul by the fictive intellectual circle on stage, as a way of retelling the familiar life story of Thérèse Martin to a twentieth-century theatre-going public. This was not, however, merely a recitation of biographical events in the fashion of previous hagiographies but also a modern recasting of the meaning of sanctity. Similar remodulations were also taking place within the vast literary, cultural and artistic outpourings commemorating the canonisation of another popular saint of the twentieth century, St Bernadette Soubirous. In a comparable

in Faith in the family