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The effects of gender, households and ethnicity

relates to family background, a gender segregated labour market and the role of ethnicity. The economic crisis has exacerbated these disadvantages. The interdependency of 250 Making work more equal these dimensions subject young people to differing degrees of vulnerability to unemployment and precariousness in the labour market, depending on where they live and with whom. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to bringing together some of these distinct strands of research on new patterns of vulnerability and labour market segmentation that include an

in Making work more equal
The three Rs – race, relations and arithmetic

education more widely. It stressed that Newcastle was home to immigrant students of all levels, including some undertaking practical training with companies like Reyrolles in Hebburn, which hired ethnic minority draughtsmen, clerks and technicians. Some attended part-time or evening classes that were linked to their employment, and there were language and conversation classes held on a weekly basis. The report recognised that South Asian women often experienced difficulties learning English either because of domestic responsibilities or a lack of an educational background

in Foreigners, minorities and integration
Marie-Line and Chaos

fairy-tale narrative structure of her earlier comedies, ‘bringing together two people from different and potentially antagonistic class and ethnic backgrounds and producing social awareness, humour and romance’ (Tarr with Rollet 2001 :181). Unlike any of her other feature films, however, the romance of Chaos lies in the relationship between two women, making this her most openly feminist feature film to date. However, the film raises a number of problems in

in Reframing difference

, important aspects of their religious and ethnic backgrounds. Some aspects of Western culture are seen as incompatible with the tenets of Islam for young Muslims. For example, Valentine et al. detail the difficulties arising for male Muslims in negotiating ‘insider’ status within the context of a British society where much social interaction involves the consumption of alcohol. For these males, the central place of alcohol in many social contexts necessitates a politicised and conscious choice between the accepted mainstream norms of social behaviour and their religious

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands

others’, and admitted that not enough had been done to reflect the changing culture of Britain. These men and a few women all promised to stop endless meetings and to ‘take action to promote talent from ethnic minority backgrounds’. The project’s first chairman was Carlton TV’s chief executive Clive Jones. Jones reminded broadcasters that they would ‘lose even more viewers’ if changes did not occur. Britain was rapidly facing a change in demographics, described by Jones as a revolution, which clearly signalled a need for rapid change. ‘Either [they] adapt’, stated

in Paving the empire road

organised racist violence in predominantly unionist areas has made this politically difficult to address in the context of shared government. Various chapters in this book, including the two previous ones, highlight experiences of racism in both Irelands and address the consequences of institutional failures to respond adequately to experiences of racism, whether as experienced by Travellers or Roma, by immigrants and ethnic minorities, in social housing and in the labour market. Like the previous two chapters this chapter examines institutional

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands

may render highly educated immigrant parents with high aspirations still as ‘outsiders’. Even though immigrant-origin students may often find themselves in an ‘out-group’ when entering the country, many are likely to develop various strategies to negotiate fields such as religious background, ethnic group and class in different institutional contexts. Focusing on structural barriers that limit the effectiveness of strategies adopted by immigrants and highlighting their considerable agency is vital in devising policies and practices of intercultural education that

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Identity, culture, and belonging

allegiance among Scottish migrants in the United States. She had emigrated in 1923 at seven years of age and highlighted the influence of a neighbourhood community in reinforcing a sense of ethnic identity. Aged 81 she stated she was ‘Very proud of my background, very. And I’m proud to be an American too, you know, but you don’t forget, you know, I mean when you’re surrounded by all Scotch when I was growing up, you know, at the parties, the singing the old songs and, you know, telling the old stories, it’s 62 something that just gets inside of you.’ Perhaps the last word

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65
Disaggregated data in the work of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

51 Chapter 2 Knowing and doing with numbers: disaggregated data in the work of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Joshua Clark The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD/​ the Committee) has asked that States provide it with population statistics broken down by race, ethnicity or nationality for most of its history, but never with as much priority as in the last fifteen years. This chapter analyses CERD’s evolving approach to using these disaggregated data to monitor and promote implementation of the International

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

sectarianism as racism. Central to the debate about whether to treat sectarianism as racism lies a difficulty that bedevils ethnic and racial studies more broadly, the distinction between ‘race’, ‘nation’ and ‘ethnic group’. We draw on this wider discussion in examining the case for treating sectarianism as racism. In the third part we argue that the question ‘is sectarianism racism?’ is misleading. We draw on Steve Garner’s use of the concept of racisms to argue that, rather than thinking of racism in the singular, it is more useful to think of racism as taking many

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism