sociology of the 1960s was focused on the study of everyday life and
interaction, the normal population rather than the deviant classes
of the previous generation of sociological investigation. As Savage
has pointed out, it represented a political movement in that it
sought to present a new perspective on social interaction, a new
vision of society. Post-1962, British
the instruments used to measure it. This chapter
examines this radical transformation in the meaning of autism. It
examines why the shift in meaning occurred by placing it into the
context of legal and political changes in Britain concerning the
rights of children, and the impact of these changes on the
construction of scientific studies of children.
The transformation of social
–1947)’, Queen Alexandra’s Royal
Army Nursing Corps Association, The Gazette 3, 6 (1958): 11.
60 Susan McGann, Anne Crowther and Rona Dougall, A History of the Royal
College of Nursing A Voice for Nursing, 1916–90 (Manchester: Manchester
University Press, 2009), 128.
61 It is not the intention in this chapter to provide a detailed discussion on
the foundation of the NHS; there is a wealth of literature on this topic. For
a full and detailed account see, for example, Charles Webster, The National
Health Service: A Political History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002