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fellow’. 4 Meanwhile, the surgeon was ‘interested’ in George, who was ‘so obviously middle class. And he guessed he must have been pretty low’ for his doctor to have sent him there. As a poor patient of middle-class character, the surgeon knew ‘Anderson would get the same skill – if not the same nursing – for nothing.’ He explained the medical details ‘to the students who, recognising Anderson as one of their own class, felt slightly

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Mapping popular politics onto consumption

of the middle-class consumer in the eighteenth century, and that century continues to hold an enduring fascination.9 However, the reach of consumer markets was limited during this period and it was only from the mid nineteenth century that the majority could afford much more than the necessities of life. This book is concerned with how middle- and working-class consumers were configured and mobilised by popular political movements during a crucial period of capitalist transition. It is about the struggle between alternative paths of historical development as they

in Wanting and having

cultural life of the working-​ class bettor. Indeed, within working-​ class communities greyhound tracks were not necessarily the social pariahs that they have often been presented as being by many middle-​class MPs, religious groups and anti-​gambling associations. Indeed, greyhound tracks offered a variety of experiences and were not the glum and guilt-​ridden denizens that many middle-​class critics presented them as being. They assumed an important and dominating position within the lives of 124 124 Going to the dogs a relatively small proportion of the working

in Going to the dogs
The challenges of neoliberalisation

16  Marco Oberti and Edmond Préteceille Urban segregation, inequalities and local welfare: the challenges of neoliberalisation The central argument of this chapter is twofold: the transformation of social structures and that of welfare-state regimes have to be considered together; urban inequalities and segregation are crucial in relating these two processes. The first part discusses the relevance of social class analysis in the face of the fragmentation produced by changing work relations, the growth of the service sector, the expansion of the middle classes

in Western capitalism in transition
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’s depiction of social hierarchy. Both the affluent upper-​class Sir Rupert Lisle and the poor lower-​class James Arnold begin as unappealing children with several disagreeable, and apparently hereditary, personality traits. They also happen to resemble each other to the extent that the villain, Major Varney, kidnaps Rupert and persuades James’s disreputable father to let him present James, some years later, to Rupert’s mother Claribel as her missing son in order to take advantage of Rupert’s inheritance. Rupert is taken away to be raised as an orphan in a middle-​class

in Creating character
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pre-war practices, at least as far as the harvest festival was concerned, others opted for change. Horace Joseph, the bursar of New College, Oxford, for example, reacted to Britain’s entry into the war by ordering ‘some economies’ in college dinners. He also ‘wrote to the London branch of the B[?] Metal works, where I was about to order goods of about £18 value, saying that the order must stand over, and I told the gardener we must do without a bulb order. These are small things’, he acknowledged, ‘but if you cannot do bigger you must do smaller’.2 Middle-class men

in Civvies
Abstract only

-­off working men, who might have first learned how to ride in the Great War, the motorcycle provided speed from a dirty and noisy machine that attracted disdain from the more respectable classes. Moving to the top of the suburban social pyramid, the wealthy would be highly likely to have access to a car if they wanted one. In prosperous old suburbs and some aspirational newer ones, the middle layer of the middle classes was also buying cars in large numbers. These lucky car owners could spontaneously drive to the seaside, to the countryside, to the shops, and could drive to

in The experience of suburban modernity
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discuss literary texts and scientific knowledge in culturally contextualised ways. The range of issues and case histories which I discuss help to develop our understanding of the constructions of masculinity during the period. Such constructions, although staged in different literary, quasi-scientific, or strictly medical contexts, are united by a shared concern that the middle-class male had become

in Victorian demons
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. There are two distinct questions in this ambivalence of the utility or relevance of class within the sociological literature. One is largely focused on identity: can it be possible to talk about class if many declare either that class is irrelevant to them, or if, in the everyday usage, people put themselves in categories which a sociologist might want to disagree with (Are we all middle class – taken to mean ‘ordinary’ – now? Has class become irrelevant?). Yet at the same time as this question is asked, it is clear that significant social and economic inequalities

in All in the mix
The case of Tel Aviv

suburb’ (1907), both in the UK, and Ahuzat Bayit (1909), as well as some physical similarities, has led researchers to seek a connection between the two, and to term Ahuzat Bayit a ‘garden neighbourhood’. At first, the garden city movement was a social-anarchist one, whose objective was to extend the suburban standard of housing, until then the province of the middle class, to the

in Garden cities and colonial planning