Laura Ugolini

middle-class men’s involvement in this home front ‘war work’ that is the focus of this chapter. After a brief survey of the options open to middle-class male volunteers and an examination of individuals’ motives for selecting the particular activities and organisations with which to become involved, the chapter considers more in detail two of the most common volunteering choices made by middle-class men: enlistment in the Volunteer Training Corps and the special constables. After assessing the extent to which participation in these two bodies allowed middleclass men to

in Civvies
Abstract only
Patsy Stoneman

’ because she believed that humane ethical attitudes, rather than blind market forces, should govern social relationships (see also Hopkins, 1931: 60). Mary Barton develops a contrast between two ethical systems, that of the working class, based on caring and co-operation, and that of the middle class, based on ownership, authority and the law. The dichotomy is similar to the conventional gender-role division, and Elizabeth Gaskell has been criticised (e.g. Lucas, l966: 174) for trying evade the question of class-struggle with an inappropriate domestic ethic. She had

in Elizabeth Gaskell
Brad Beaven

artisans and the rest of the working community. Despite being designed for artisan instruction, the societies’ survival into the second half of the century owed most to the continued patronage of middle-class members. This unpopularity among working-class males can be explained by the organisers’ insistence that ‘entertainment’ was kept to a minimum and that teaching and discussion should be monitored along strict guidelines. For example, the Mechanics Institute in Coventry was established in 1828 and formed to teach the city’s artisan weavers a variety of ‘safe’ natural

in Leisure, citizenship and working-class men in Britain, 1850–1945
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

fellow’. 4 Meanwhile, the surgeon was ‘interested’ in George, who was ‘so obviously middle class. And he guessed he must have been pretty low’ for his doctor to have sent him there. As a poor patient of middle-class character, the surgeon knew ‘Anderson would get the same skill – if not the same nursing – for nothing.’ He explained the medical details ‘to the students who, recognising Anderson as one of their own class, felt slightly

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Keith Laybourn

cultural life of the working-​ class bettor. Indeed, within working-​ class communities greyhound tracks were not necessarily the social pariahs that they have often been presented as being by many middle-​class MPs, religious groups and anti-​gambling associations. Indeed, greyhound tracks offered a variety of experiences and were not the glum and guilt-​ridden denizens that many middle-​class critics presented them as being. They assumed an important and dominating position within the lives of 124 124 Going to the dogs a relatively small proportion of the working

in Going to the dogs
The challenges of neoliberalisation
Marco Oberti and Edmond Préteceille

16  Marco Oberti and Edmond Préteceille Urban segregation, inequalities and local welfare: the challenges of neoliberalisation The central argument of this chapter is twofold: the transformation of social structures and that of welfare-state regimes have to be considered together; urban inequalities and segregation are crucial in relating these two processes. The first part discusses the relevance of social class analysis in the face of the fragmentation produced by changing work relations, the growth of the service sector, the expansion of the middle classes

in Western capitalism in transition
Mapping popular politics onto consumption
Peter Gurney

of the middle-class consumer in the eighteenth century, and that century continues to hold an enduring fascination.9 However, the reach of consumer markets was limited during this period and it was only from the mid nineteenth century that the majority could afford much more than the necessities of life. This book is concerned with how middle- and working-class consumers were configured and mobilised by popular political movements during a crucial period of capitalist transition. It is about the struggle between alternative paths of historical development as they

in Wanting and having
Abstract only
Helena Ifill

’s depiction of social hierarchy. Both the affluent upper-​class Sir Rupert Lisle and the poor lower-​class James Arnold begin as unappealing children with several disagreeable, and apparently hereditary, personality traits. They also happen to resemble each other to the extent that the villain, Major Varney, kidnaps Rupert and persuades James’s disreputable father to let him present James, some years later, to Rupert’s mother Claribel as her missing son in order to take advantage of Rupert’s inheritance. Rupert is taken away to be raised as an orphan in a middle-​class

in Creating character
Abstract only
Laura Ugolini

pre-war practices, at least as far as the harvest festival was concerned, others opted for change. Horace Joseph, the bursar of New College, Oxford, for example, reacted to Britain’s entry into the war by ordering ‘some economies’ in college dinners. He also ‘wrote to the London branch of the B[?] Metal works, where I was about to order goods of about £18 value, saying that the order must stand over, and I told the gardener we must do without a bulb order. These are small things’, he acknowledged, ‘but if you cannot do bigger you must do smaller’.2 Middle-class men

in Civvies
Abstract only
Andrew Smith

discuss literary texts and scientific knowledge in culturally contextualised ways. The range of issues and case histories which I discuss help to develop our understanding of the constructions of masculinity during the period. Such constructions, although staged in different literary, quasi-scientific, or strictly medical contexts, are united by a shared concern that the middle-class male had become

in Victorian demons