. Smith and P. Stares (eds), Diasporas in Conflict: Peacemakers or Peace-wreckers (New York: United Nations University Press, 2007); F.
Cochrane, Migration and Security in the Global Age: Diaspora Communities and Conflict
(New York: Routledge, 2015).
31 For example, see N. Abu Sandal, ‘Religious actors as epistemic communities in
conflict transformation: The cases of South Africa and Northern Ireland’, Review of
International Studies, 37:3 (2011), 929–49.
32 See J. D. Brewer, G. I. Higgins, and F. Teeney, Religion, Civil Society, & Peace in
Northern Ireland (Oxford
of youth combatants in Liberia’, (Sussex: Sussex Center
for Migration Studies Working Paper 29, 2006).
9 Independent Monitoring Commission, Twenty-Sixth and Final Report, p. 13.
10 C. Buchanan and J. Chavez, Negotiating Disarmament: Guns and Violence in the El
Salvador Peace Negotiations (Geneva: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, 2008).
11 J. Morgenstein, Consolidating Disarmament Lessons from Colombia’s Reintegration
Program for Demobilized Paramilitaries (Washington, DC: United States Institute of
12 The Agreement Reached in the Multi
number of successes including the political and economic stabilisation of
the European continent, the enlargement of the EU from six to twenty-eight
member states, and the creation of the Euro. However, the EU has also weathered political and economic storms. The most serious related to the global
economic crisis post 2007 which threatened to fatally undermine the stability
of the Eurozone area. External challenges – including conflict on the borders
of the EU, particularly in the Ukraine and Turkey, and inward migration
from war-torn parts of Africa and the Middle
leaders rejected the idea of Turkish membership largely on cultural
grounds (Buzan and Diez 1997 : 45). As Buzan and Diez also note (p. 43), fears of
large-scale waves of migration from Turkey into the EU (most
particularly, into Germany) have also been high on the list of concerns
of the effects of Turkish membership.
This is particularly contentious because
, see www.canterbury.ac.nz/ncre/research/euperceptions/.
5 Full list of keywords includes also Council of European Union, European
Council, European Court of Justice / ECJ and European Parliament / EP.
6 The migration crisis started getting serious only later in June 2015.
Anholt, Simon. (2005). Brand New Justice: How Branding Places and Products Can
Help the Developing World. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann Press.
Brooks, Stephen. (2015). Anti-Americanism and the Limits of Public Diplomacy:
Winning Hearts and Minds? London: Routledge Press
Portuguese” of the Chinese Athletic Club ’, in E. Morier-Genoud and M. Cahen (eds), Imperial Migrations: Colonial Communities and Diaspora in the Portuguese World ( Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan , 2012 ), pp. 239 – 62 .
16 The National Archives of the United Kingdom (TNA), FO 371/35736, Department of State to Foreign Office, 10 October 1943.
17 N. Wylie , Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2003 ), pp. 337 – 8 .
18 Portugal represented Brazilian interests in Japan and Japanese interests in Mexico
Thinking about America in the world over the longer run
to his conviction that the English-
speaking peoples constituted a single race, which was a critical category in
his political thinking. However, Carnegie never specified in detail the form of
polity he proposed. Moreover, always happy to be identified as a ‘dreamer’,
he was no ordinary follower of fashion. He viewed migration positively,
opposed the Spanish–American War and wished to see Canada incorporated
into the United States. Equally and perhaps more predictably for an industrialist, he placed great importance on the new technologies that were effectively
-level education to the people and avoiding migration to the cities. In March 2007, for example, I visited a shopping centre transformed into one of these ‘villages’ in a town in Miranda State. In total according to the government forty-five of these ‘villages’ were inaugurated by January 2007. 111
The government also sought to increase university access for poorer sectors. Enrolment in third-level education increased from 668,109 in 1999 to 1,074,350 by 2006. 112 The government also launched the Bolivarian University to tackle the fall in the
and identity has not remained
static over the centuries; on the contrary, it has evolved. Invasions, migration,
trade and colonization have all left their mark, and also resulted in cultural
syncretism that make it possible for us to speak of global India, not just simply in
terms of the most recent phase of globalization but also in terms of the historical processes that cannot and should not be restricted to the policies and institutions of the Indian state post 1947. The existence of mass poverty does not
mean that India is and has always been ‘backward’, but
). A retired army officer, J. R.
Mukherjee (2005), also argues that inward migration, lack of development and
neglect have caused unrest in Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. New Delhi must
deal with these issues. He admits, however, that the Mizo Accord of the late
1980s that led to insurgents coming overground and forming the government
has brought peace to the Mizo Hills.
The eleventh Lok Sabha: a microcosm of the nation?
The results of the 1996 general elections reflected the trend towards pluralism
and away from single-party dominance. After four decades of