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Anastasia Marinopoulou

articulated by phenomenology, structuralism, poststructuralism, modernists and postmodernists, systems theory and critical realism, can certainly be considered ‘modern’ in historical terms, but in essence their concerns are of a pre-​ modern and pre-​scientific nature. The following chapters elucidate this critique. Critical theory situated science within the quest for social and political rationality. It indicated that science’s normativity –​which answers the question ‘what should science do?’ –​orients itself in relation to the a priori potential of society. The latter

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Introduction

Why use political phenomenology to analyse war reporting?

Tim Markham

3681 The Politics of war reporting.qxd:Layout 1 28/9/11 11:14 Page 1 1 Introduction: why use political phenomenology to analyse war reporting? that abominable, voluptuous act called ‘reading the paper’, whereby all the misfortunes and cataclysms suffered by the universe in the last twenty-four hours – battles which have cost the lives of fifty thousand men, murders, strikes, bankruptcies, fires, poisonings, suicides, divorces, the cruel emotions of statesman and actor, transmuted into a morning feast for our personal entertainment, make an excellent and

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Garfinkel and Goffman via Simmel

Parallels and divergences

Martyn Hammersley

formulating relevant data. Garfinkel also applies this idea in contrasting Parsons’ orientation with that of Schutzian phenomenology.16 14 As regards Garfinkel’s style in his early writings (unpublished at the time), there is a broad similarity with some published articles by contemporaries, such as Selznick 1948, with which Garfinkel was almost certainly familiar: Selznick recruited him to the jurors’ study, and was instrumental in his obtaining a post at UCLA. 15  It is possible that these similarities were the result of a mediation of Simmel’s influence through the work

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Series:

Darren Waldron

, subjectivity, self–other relations and free will. It reads Demy’s cinema through a perspective grounded in pre- and post-war philosophies on time and alterity, and their application in work on film. It contributes to a turn towards existentialism and phenomenology in film studies since the early 2000s by assessing the extent to which related ideas and ethics were already mobilised within the films of a director often overlooked as having little intellectual merit. Chapter 1 examines Demy’s relation to the French New Wave (Nouvelle Vague). It argues that, if the theme of the

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A sense of place

Historicism, whither wilt?

Christopher D’Addario

increasing effort to reassert the unique complexities of literary texts, to identify their distinctive aesthetic and phenomenological effects on readers. New Formalism has embodied perhaps the most prominent and direct reaction to New Historicist notions of textuality; however, critics working in the areas of cognitive science, neuro-aesthetics, the ethics of reading, affect theory, and historical phenomenology have similarly turned their attention to the precise workings of imaginative writing, the ways in which literary texts radically reorganise perception, or else

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Martyn Hammersley

again, the parallel with phenomenology is illuminating, in that there is an assumption that if one suspends the natural attitude it is possible to document in their own terms the processes by which social phenomena are constituted, as orderly and meaningful. In other words, they can be rendered observable and reportable without use of the documentary method. The possibility of describing phenomena in their own terms was at the heart of phenomenology’s opposition to neo-Kantian philosophy at the beginning of the twentieth century (see Chapter 4). For the latter, any

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The economics of the gift – the positivity of justice

The mutual paranoia of Jacques Derrida and Niklas Luhmann

Series:

Gunther Teubner

and with different cognitive interests. Rather, even according to their own self-understanding, this is a clash between two alternative worlds which oppose each other in a way that cannot be understood as the competition of different methods, theories or paradigms. Luhmann is engaged in an ambitious attempt to construct a scientific theory of society as a phenomenology of communication, in strict

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Bill Schwarz

existentialism, and its hold over popular mentalities, can also be explained by the presence of Paris noir , in which the overriding imperative of the constitution of black subjectivity – after colonialism, after slavery – recast the traditions of classical philosophy. 38 Phenomenology in the technical nomenclature and existentialism in the popular idiom represented, in David Macey

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Chris Abel

concluding chapter, Gill also briefly covers the ‘linguistic phenomenology’ of J. L. Austin,38 finding further common threads in Austin’s thought defining a mutual position with the former group ‘between the over-confidence of modernism and the skepticism of deconstructive postmodernism.’39 Taking a similar line to Wittgenstein’s interactive theory of language use, Gill writes, Austin dismisses what he calls the ‘descriptive fallacy,’ by which language is presumed to offer only a passive and presumably objective description of the world, in favor of ‘performative

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Pierre Bourdieu

From the model of reality to the reality of the model

Richard Jenkins

, the primitive and the civilised, materialism and idealism, it would be possible to draw up a long list. The contrasting concepts with which I am concerned here form a cluster, addressing what are obviously related issues: objectivism : subjectivism structuralism : existentialism social physics : social phenomenology determinism : voluntarism external : internal structure : action society : individual I could add other items to this list (Bourdieu, 1977: 72–78; Bourdieu and Wacquant, 1992: 5, 7–11), but the point is already made. At the risk of being accused of