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Iain R. Smith

(it was written by J. C. Smuts together with J. de Villiers Roos), it also served as a rallying cry to all Afrikaners to take up arms in defence of liberty and independence from British imperialism and ‘Capitalistic Jingoism’ and against a future in which ‘South Africa will be dominated by capitalists without conscience, acting in the name and under the protection of an unjust

in The South African War reappraised
The restoration of the Garden of Eden
Ann Matters

, seeks to trace the construction of the myth and its perpetuation as a justification for British imperialism in Mesopotamia. Before the First World War, Mesopotamia was a place Britain did not want to occupy, but it did not want another European power to usurp British commercial predominance in the region. A thriving British trade, primarily with India, had existed at Basra since East

in Imperial expectations and realities
Mary A. Procida

British imperialism in India. Re-imagining the relationships among marriage, family and empire compelled Anglo-Indians to reconsider, as well, the operation of gender in those spheres. Additionally, marriage and family, as organizational structures of the Raj and as crucial metaphors for British imperialism in India, served to distance Indians from the business of empire and to

in Married to the empire
The Provisional IRA and Sunningdale
Henry Patterson

1973. The statement declared grandiloquently if hardly realistically that ‘In the “Year of Liberty” 1974, the revolutionary soldiers of the Provisional IRA will be together to celebrate the final destruction of British imperialism’ (Irish Times 17 November 1973). As John Bew and his co-authors have noted, the Sunningdale strategy simply ignored the Provisionals’ intransigence and refusal to give up armed struggle, hoping that a new dispensation in the North would drain the swamp of Catholic disaffection which it was believed fed the Provisionals. As they note, this

in Sunningdale, the Ulster Workers’ Council strike and the struggle for democracy in Northern Ireland
Phule, Paine, and the appeal to Queen Victoria
Jimmy Casas Klausen

, whose agency could only have arisen under British imperialism even as it points beyond it, derives from Phule’s position between critique and catachresis. Slaveries and conquests Slavery diagnoses a relationship among three groups –​Brahmans, Sudratisudras, and Britons –​in hopes of altering the balance of powers among them. As such, the comparison and subsequent contrast between Sudratisudra and African-​American slaveries is nearly incidental –​yet at the same time the comparison and contrast of slaveries makes the subcontinental triangulation a global concern. It

in Colonial exchanges
Some insights into a provincial British commercial network
Anthony Webster

Liverpool’s involvement in the Asian trade during the Napoleonic Wars, a period of great turbulence and difficulty for the Liverpool commercial community, and the nature and growth of the trade during the period to 1850. Secondly, the political ramifications for Liverpool of the eastern trade are explored, offering new insights into the current historical debate about British imperialism and the ‘gentlemanly

in The empire in one city?
The discourse of modernization in the concentration camps of the South African War, 1899–1902
Elizabeth van Heyningen

were in the forefront of modern civilization. The conquest of the Boer republics in South Africa presented a slightly unusual case of imperial expansion in that the enemy were of European origin. This lent a defensive edge to British rhetoric since, in continental Europe, the war was often seen as a human rights issue – the independence of a small proud nation against the might of British imperialism

in Rhetorics of empire
British travel and tourism in the post-imperial world
Hsu-Ming Teo

adventures ‘off the beaten track’ – images of African travel that had been inherited from Victorian imperial travel tales. The experience of travel and tourism in post-colonial nations was thus refracted through the prism of British imperialism. Yet it would be misleading to argue that post-war travellers and tourists exercised the same hegemony over the cultures they visited as did their

in British culture and the end of empire
Abstract only
Jonathon Shears

Great Exhibition, 1851: A sourcebook are students and researchers new to the topic and particularly those who want to teach the subject without resorting to hours of trawling through primary texts to produce course material. So the book is primarily conceived as a teaching aid, but it also offers numerous departure points for researchers in the history of the Exhibition, and material culture more generally, and those working on specific issues such as British imperialism, social class and the representation of gender politics in the Victorian period. To a great degree

in The Great Exhibition, 1851
Abstract only
Jeffrey Richards

constructing and perpetuating a view of the world in which British imperialism was an integral part of the cultural and psychological formation of each new generation of readers. The aim of juvenile literature was clearly stated for a century. It was both to entertain and to instruct, to inculcate approved value systems, to spread useful knowledge, to provide acceptable role models. This objective derived from

in Imperialism and juvenile literature