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Susan Doran and Paulina Kewes

channels.57 Thenceforth Catholic conspiracy theory would compete with its Protestant counterpart as the rival camps sought to win over public opinion.58 30 The earlier Elizabethan succession question revisited 1573–81: succession under wraps The period from 1573 until 1581 hardly figures in the historiography of the Elizabethan succession. It is easy to see why. The 1571 Treasons Act – reinforced in 1581 by the so-called ‘statute of silence’ against prophesying Elizabeth’s death or speculating about the identity of her successor – had suppressed discussion of the

in Doubtful and dangerous
Abstract only
Popular loyalism and the politics of Protestant Ascendancy
Allan Blackstock

1797 of Catholic loyalty being endorsed by some Orangemen.84 Historians have queried the extent and genuineness of Catholic loyalty, but it is significant that Richardson made these claims at all.85 The important point is that Richardson’s refutation of Musgrave’s Catholic conspiracy theory shows that loyalism, like its United Irish counterpart, was not homogenous and had a distinctive and more nuanced northern strain. Accuracy of information aside, Richardson had profound differences with Musgrave over the construction of knowledge itself. Musgrave’s inaccurate

in Science, politics and society in early nineteenth-century Ireland
Joseph Oldham

terrorism is frequently referenced as a background anxiety, using headline issues to evoke immediacy as in Special Branch. However, the shift to the serialised 110 Paranoid visions paranoid narrative creates a significant change in emphasis. As an episodic procedural series, Special Branch typically separated its topical threats into discrete episodes, a model which can be characterised according what Skip Willman posits as the rival ideology to conspiracy theory. ‘Contingency theory’, or the ‘shit happens’ theory of history, asserts ‘that social symptoms, such as

in Paranoid visions
The Moslem question in Bosnia-Hercegovina
David Bruce MacDonald

or a sense of primordial identity. The Moslems as ‘traitors’: the Islamic conspiracy theory Contrary to Serbian and Croatian desires, Bosnian Moslems had their own sense of identity, their own political parties, and their own military forces to back up their autonomy. It became apparent throughout the conflict that another form of propaganda would be needed to legitimate military intervention in the region. Another soon emerged. If the Moslems rejected their ‘true’ ethnicity, and continued to promote their own form of identity, it followed logically that they had

in Balkan holocausts?
Alexandra Gajda

The final ‘proof’ that Essex offered of this conspiracy theory to James was his interpretation of his own political disgrace – the suppression of ‘all noble vertuous and heroicall spirits’ – as a synecdoche for the state of the realm itself. Even in the mid-1590s, while the political relationship between Essex and the Cecils had functioned in outward harmony, the private correspondence of the earl and

in Essex
Abstract only
An inspiring model
Meir Hatina

such a dissonant climate, when the blame was always pinned on others, self-criticism was nearly impossible, as was taking responsibility for one’s own actions. According to Hazim Saghiya, conspiracy theories took over Arab rationality. These portrayed the Arabs as people who could not determine their own fate, which others set for them by means of conspiracies. This perception was self-defeating, since it made no sense to accuse Freemasons of conspiring against two hundred million Arabs, or to fear that Crusaders would be resurrected and defeat the Arabs. 36 While

in Arab liberal thought in the modern age
Ulrike Ehret

encompassed people including ageing barons of the rural and industrial Catholic aristocracy, academics, higher civil servants, and ‘young conservatives’ such as Martin Spahn and Eduard Stadtler it is not surprising that they did not speak in one antisemitic voice. The anti-Jewish sentiments voiced at meetings or elaborated in publications of the Catholic right ranged from nineteenth-century Judeo-masonic conspiracy theories to racial characterisations of Jews. Count von der Recke, for instance, complained to Pritze that no-one took note of unspeakable ‘Zustände’ where the

in Church, nation and race
Edward Legon

-meaning ‘reformation’ and the abhorred revolution of the late 1640s. As such, they were defending the version of oblivion to 59 LEGON_9781526124654_PRINT.indd 59 22/01/2019 11:27 Revolution remembered which Charles had lent his support in 1660, whereby a minority of hardened ideologues were blamed for bringing down monarchy and true religion. Interpretations like these crystallised into something akin to an early modern conspiracy theory. In the 1675 tract Two Seasonable Discourses, the former Parliamentarian and republican Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury, lamented

in Revolution remembered
Jane Roscoe and Craig Hight

example, is capped by a cut to Major Kong reading Playboy and his communications officer playing with a deck of cards (Kolker, 1988 : 104). The most interesting of these serious-gag constructions is the intercutting between the assault on Burpelson and Ripper explaining his paranoiac conspiracy theories to Group-Captain Lionel Mandrake of the Royal Air Force (Peter Sellers). Kubrick’s specific intention in colliding these types of scenes is to

in Faking it
Oliver P. Rafferty

, ‘Pray for us as we are suffering to free our land from the English. Please pray for us.’17 Even British government officials could be caught up in conspiracy theories about the extent of the church’s involvement with terrorist organisations. One civil service memo from late 1971 recorded that the government accepted that ‘the Vatican has officially severed its connection with the IRA, we do not precisely know in what terms, when and by whom this was done’. The same paper sought to draw parallels with the situation in Cyprus with Archbishop Makarios and the Cypriot

in Irish Catholic identities