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Scott Soo

, however, is that a fear of mental illness prevailed in the camps on the French Mediterranean coast. The monotony of camp life and the singular conditions on the beaches led the refugees to coin their own term for a form of psychosis, ‘la arentitis’, which translates as ‘sanditis’.32 The neologism stems from the Spanish word for sand (arena) and refers to an amalgam of the external discomforts of the sand and windy conditions, the torment stemming from being denied one’s freedom and the despondency arising from the monotony of concentration-camp life. In June 1939, the

in The routes to exile
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Alan Rosenthal

. Well, I want to get my films shown as much as anyone else, and a few years later, on the advice of a friend, applied as a pitching candidate to APIMED in Spain. Every year APIMED (The International Association of Independent Producers of the Mediterranean), a small film market in the seaside town of Sitges, near Barcelona, sends out an open call for film proposals for the MEDIMED documentary market. The submitted proposals, besides setting out the film idea, also have to include budget, producer’s background, details of funds already raised, and the names of any

in The documentary diaries
Helen M. Davies

MUP_Davies_Pereire_Printer.indd 72 12/08/2014 14:51 the new entrepreneurs 73 Michel Chevalier’s ‘Mediterranean system’ outlined in the Globe on 12 February 1832 also gripped the imagination of his colleagues and his readers.57 The concept was daring – a vast, steam-powered rail link from the English Channel at Le Havre to the Mediterranean, via Paris and Lyon to Marseille, and thence to North Africa by sea, drawing in the large cities and towns of France as well as the rest of Europe, and thus creating a massive network to spread the benefits of industry and

in Emile and Isaac Pereire
Franco-Maghrebi identity in Hassan Legzouli’s film Ten’ja
Ramona Mielusel

’s transformation and initiation from denial to acceptance of his double-sided identity as an essential understanding of his Franco-Maghrebi status on both sides of the Mediterranean. In order to map out this process, I will first focus on the main protagonist’s relationship with his father and the impact of the father’s death on his sense of identity. I will continue with an examination of the young man’s hybrid, Franco-Maghrebi identity as it is revealed to him during his journey. Nordine successfully reconciles his multiple identities by Franco-Maghrebi identity and Ten

in Reimagining North African Immigration
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Ladan Niayesh

finding its way into Spenserian epic, Sidneyan pastoral or even late Shakespearian tragicomedy and Miltonian poetry. The three plays grouped in this volume are early modern attempts at conquering that twilight zone in a context of expanding contacts with Muslim lands around the Mediterranean. ro ma nc e a nd con qu es t i n early m oder n engla nd ‘The structural core of all fiction’ for Northrop Frye, who sees it as a means to translate mythical archetypes into human experience,1 romance is also ‘a notoriously slippery category’, as Barbara Fuchs warns.2 The basic

in Three romances of Eastern conquest
Global processes, local challenges

This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.

From model to symbol?
Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson

the Banana Protocol of the Lomé Convention, as an example of the EU’s waning interest in preferential trade facilities. Karen Smith, in chapter 4, provides a comparative analysis of the content and direction of the policies developed towards the ACP, the Mediterranean, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. She examines the evolution and content of EU relations with these areas. She argues that the periphery of the European Union has become increasingly important to it. Relations with the traditional developing country partners, such as the ACP, are in the process

in EU development cooperation
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Graham A. Loud

Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first king of the new kingdom of Sicily in Palermo cathedral on Christmas Day 1130. The consequences of that action were profound. The unification of the island of Sicily with the southern Italian mainland in the years after 1127 altered the balance of power in the Mediterranean and had a major impact on the power politics of Europe in

in Roger II and the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily
The inconsequential possession

Cyprus' importance was always more imagined than real and was enmeshed within widely held cultural signifiers and myths. This book explores the tensions underlying British imperialism in Cyprus. It presents a study that follows Cyprus' progress from a perceived imperial asset to an expendable backwater. The book explains how the Union Jack came to fly over the island and why after thirty-five years the British wanted it lowered. It fills a gap in the existing literature on the early British period in Cyprus and challenges the received and monolithic view that British imperial policy was based primarily or exclusively on strategic-military considerations. The book traces the links between England/Britain and Cyprus since Richard Coeur de Lion and situates these links within a tradition of Romantic adventure, strategic advantage, spiritual imperialism and a sense of possession. The British wanted to revitalise western Asia by establishing informal control over it through the establishment of Cyprus as a place d'armes. Because the British did not find Cyprus an 'Eldorado' of boundless wealth, they did not invest the energy or funds to 'renew' it. British economic policy in Cyprus was contradictory; it rendered Cyprus economically unviable. Hellenic nationalism, propelled by the failure of British social and economic policies, upturned the multicultural system and challenged the viability of British rule. Situating Cyprus within British imperial strategy shows that the island was useless and a liability.

Editor: Ladan Niayesh

This volume brings together three little-known works by key playwrights from the late sixteenth-century golden age of English drama. All three convey the public theatre’s fascination with travel and adventure through the popular genre of heroic romance, while reflecting the contemporaries’ wide range of responses to cross-cultural contacts with the Muslim East and the Mediterranean challenges posed by the Ottoman empire.

The volume presents the first modern-spelling editions of the three plays, with extensive annotations catering for specialised scholars while also making the texts accessible to students and theatregoers. A detailed introduction discusses issues of authorship, dates and sources, and sets the plays in their historical and cultural contexts, offering exciting insights on Elizabethan performance strategies, printing practices, and the circulation of knowledge and stereotypes related to ethnic and religious difference.