A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

difficulties faced by those seeking refuge. Those remarks, of course, were hardly unusual. Quite apart from Trump’s aptitude for fomenting societal division, politicians (of all stripes) have for centuries done battle over what Caroline Shaw called ‘the moral possibilities and conundrums that remain so familiar to the “refugee question”’ ( Shaw, 2015: 11 ). Add to that equation the poor or misleading data that hinders international efforts to assist refugees and it becomes

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

changers’ or ‘revolutions in humanitarian affairs’. 8 At the same time, the optics of engaging in humanitarian activities have acquired commercial logic by creating a marketable moral economy of good intentions. While this has succeeded in creating societal acceptance (in the case of drones) or new consumers (in the case of cash cards), the promoters of humanitarian wearables might be more interested in achieving mass distribution to enable the technology to become a vehicle

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

even those inspired by anti-communism were cautious about structural integration into Western security strategies. At the beginning of the 1990s, NGOs shrugged off their scepticism for the morality of state power, working more closely with Western military forces. Private and government funding for humanitarian operations increased. With the help of news media, humanitarian agencies boosted their political capital, presenting themselves as providers of public moral conscience for the West. A new political economy of humanitarian aid developed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

actors in conflicts. Neither a moral code to be brandished nor a relic to be dismissed, IHL helps humanitarian organisations find their place in war. That is not nothing, and it makes IHL worth defending. To expect more is to forget what it is, at bottom, and delude ourselves about its virtues. To imply that war can be civilised by law is to ignore the political realities of both law and war. Henry Dunant talked about creating ‘oases of humanity’ in the flood of violence that is war. Let us

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

our point of view, it was exactly this convergence and normative homogenisation in the inter-state system, on the one hand, and the increasing power of states that question American exceptionality and centrality using rules authored by the US itself, on the other, that began to threaten the global power of the US. This obliged the US to make an about-turn, responding in accordance with ‘Babel syndrome’. Challenged on its own terms, the US disavows its moral universalism within the inter-state system and desists from the old enlightenment project of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, thus contributing to the continuation of a system that diverts aid resources to criminal organisations, their political sponsors and security and insurance companies. If there’s one deterrent against potential kidnappers, as weak as it may be, it’s publicising their crimes and their consequences. Contrary to conventional wisdom, few political and military organisations – including jihadist movements, which claim to be champions of moral rectitude

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

humanitarian innovation recommend identifying ethical questions as innovations are conceived, developed, implemented and diffused ( Smith, forthcoming ). We propose that all stakeholders (e.g. humanitarian organisations, policy-makers, technologists, commercial developers, governments and affected communities) should demonstrate a moral posture of attentiveness to how values are upheld, engaged with or challenged throughout the innovation process. The innovative strategies available for crisis translation each

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

humanitarian workers, ranging from successful and participatory engagement to open hostility and violence. They testify to negotiations revolving around the question of who can be trusted for what, and who can speak for and be listened to by the community, according to a shifting array of moral and political rules. With our focus on the intermediaries who connected the Ebola response to local populations, each study examines how the legitimacy of the response generated tensions and mediation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

Security Forum . Fassin , D. ( 2012 ), Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present . Berkeley, CA : University of California Press . Fast , L. ( 2014 ), Aid in Danger: The Perils and Promise of Humanitarianism . Philadelphia, PA : University of Pennsylvania Press . Fast , L

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation

blocks. Each involved the careful consideration of how spaces are sensed – how they look and feel – combined with the imperative to act in emergencies. In the words of the curator, they showed that the moral act of sheltering people should not be divorced from a consideration about where stay and how it feels to live. They all stressed the importance of looking beyond bare biological needs, structural integrity and minimum standards. A humanitarian gesture, one of them

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs