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The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

consists of five large volumes on the north and central Italian peninsula. During the nineteenth century, the means for travelling and communication changed drastically, at least for those who could afford them, owing to technical and infrastructural advances in Europe. Oscar Montelius went all over Europe to study collections and artefacts. He often travelled together with his wife Agda, who became very engaged in his work. He was involved in debates on Mediterranean research from an early stage. Adopting a comparative research method, Montelius tried to see as many

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
On social systems and societal constitutions
Darrow Schecter

distribution, ensuring more widespread and diverse practices of recognition, legislating more equitable life chances, and enhancing lifeworld communication. But in line with the argument developed here, it may be more centrally a matter of finding an equilibrium between the normative capacity of states to limit the exercise of power and apply it evenly and predictably through positivised political centralisation, on the one hand, and the factual capacity of social systems for a constant re-​articulation of the relation between knowledge and power in ways that are often

in Critical theory and sociological theory
Marina Dekavalla

campaign activities and at the same time sought to reach their own voters through separate communication tactics. According to one of the parties’ communications managers interviewed for this research: there had to be a distinctive [party] case … the job that we really had was to try to identify the [party] vote, identify bits of our vote that were soft and might vote Yes, and try to directly communicate with them, partly by the traditional methods of canvassing, of writing to them, direct mail and that sort of thing. Yes Scotland was also a coalition of several

in Framing referendum campaigns in the news
Irish republican media activism since the Good Friday Agreement
Author: Paddy Hoey

Newspapers, magazines and pamphlets have always been central, almost sacred, forms of communication within Irish republican political culture. While social media is becoming the primary ideological battleground in many democracies, Irish republicanism steadfastly expresses itself in the traditional forms of activist journalism.

Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters is a long-term analysis of the development of Irish republican activist media since 1998 and the tumultuous years following the end of the Troubles. It is the first in-depth analysis of the newspapers, magazines and online spaces in which the differing strands of Irish republicanism developed and were articulated during a period where schism and dissent defined a return to violence.

Based on an analysis of Irish republican media outlets as well as interviews with the key activists that produced them, this book provides a compelling long-term snapshot of a political ideology in transition. It reveals how Irish Republicanism was moulded by the twin forces of the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the violent internal ideological schism that threatened a return to the ‘bad old days’ of the Troubles.

This book is vital for those studying Irish politics and those interestedin activism as it provides new insights into the role that modern activist media forms have played in the ideological development of a 200-year-old political tradition.

Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

(chapter 8) taps into a radical psychiatric tradition which has frequently appealed to anarchists for its critique of dominant constructed notions of reality. This is one of the reasons for the attraction of Michel Foucault’s work to many anarchists. Certainly the way that Gore looks at the discourses around creativity and art, as well as those of mental health and normality, is reminiscent of this analytic approach. Gore’s and Bowen’s chapters concentrate on education, age, communication and the importance of art and creativity in the libertarian struggle, something

in Changing anarchism
James Zborowski

2 Distance, representation and criticism This chapter provides a link between the principal focus upon point of view in the previous chapter, and the principal focus upon communication in the chapter to follow. To treat artworks as comprising spectrums or axes of distance has been demonstrated, as we shall shortly see, to be a powerful way of conceptualising how point of view works within them. After a survey of a range of existing approaches to point of view and distance from within and beyond film studies, I explore the handling of point of view and distance

in Classical Hollywood cinema
The ‘mainstream’ media
Bill Jones

The role of the media in modern politics is one of the most discussed and contested topics in democratic debate. This chapter examines the provenance of political communication and the ways in which it currently impacts on the political system. The media may not initiate specific measures but they help create the atmosphere, or ‘political culture’ ( Chapter 5 ), in which such things can happen. What are the media? ‘The media’ is a collective term for all of the various means of communicating information. There are many kinds of media and their relative

in British politics today
Antonia Lucia Dawes

act of talking in Napoli to the power-laden, ambivalent and pragmatic verbal dynamics of transcultural interaction in the city’s street markets. In the street markets where I did ethnographic research, talk about talk shaped communication in a number of ways: as a way of reflecting melancholically on what Napoli was, as well as what it was in the process of becoming; as a practical necessity whereby migrants and Neapolitans had learnt from each other through socialisation and working together; and as a means of making claims about belonging or expressing

in Race talk
Catherine Spencer

interest in holistic systems predated cybernetics. Whereas cybernetics prioritised controlled feedback, general system theory was concerned with interrelation in an expended sense, and ‘dynamic interplay of processes’. 4 Kaprow’s name is not perhaps one that immediately springs to mind when thinking about ‘Systems Esthetics’ – unlike, say, Hans Haacke or Les Levine – but as the 1960s progressed, he used the Happening to analyse systemic interplay of the kind Bertalanffy describes, focusing in particular on interpersonal communication and its role in education and

in Beyond the Happening
The conversational etiquette of English national self-identification
Susan Condor

, for example, by the inclusion of questions on national self-definition as a regular feature of the annual British Social Attitudes surveys). Less formally, English people may be encouraged to publicly broadcast their national sentiments, fantasies and desires through some medium of mass communication (exemplified by the What England Means to Me website). 3 The research

in These Englands