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The Irish in Australia

. International mobility poses particular challenges to belonging. Before migrating, sense(s) of belonging or alterity within family, peer group, local community, nation and the world are constructed along specific socio-spatial axes of differentiation (Brah, 1998). These include gender, ethnicity, class, religion and material circumstances. International migration simultaneously exposes the migrant to unfamiliar axes of differentiation and to new experiences as ‘immigrant’ and ‘other’ in the receiving society. This inevitably has implications for immigrants’ sense of place

in Migrations

of International Migration: The American Experience. New York: Russell Sage, 34–52. Mountz, A. (2011) ‘Where asylum-seekers wait: feminist counter-topographies of sites between states’, Gender, Place and Culture, 18:3, 381–99. Munck, R. (2008) ‘Migration, globalisation and the politics of scale’, Translocations, Migration and Social Change, 4:1, 142–8. Ní Laoire, C. (2007) ‘The “green green grass of home”? Return migration to rural Ireland’, Journal of Rural Studies, 23:3, 332–44. Ní Laoire, C. (2008) ‘“Settling back”? A biographical and life-course perspective on

in Migrations
Mapping female subjectivity for the turn of the millennium

). ——20 nuevos directores del cine español ( Madrid : Alianza , 1999 ). Kofman , E. , A. Phizacklea , P. Raghuram , R. Sales . Gender and International Migration in Europe: Employment, Welfare and Politics ( London and New York : Routledge , 2000 ). Konstantarakos , M. Spaces in European Cinema ( Exeter and Portland, OR

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
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uncritically we hope, a number of frames of feminist thinking. First, it draws inspiration from established, second-wave feminist thinking whereby it places women at the centre of accounts of refugee migration and migrants in a bid to discover all the stories that can be told. Second, it aims to show that refugee women’s stories can form the basis of enquiry and add new knowledge and understanding to the existing body of work in contemporary international migration. In doing the first two things, this study presents different ways of envisioning some key concepts used in the

in Refugee women in Britain and France
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The immigration debate and common anger in dangerous times

/01/31/nationalism-nativism-and-the-revoltagainst-globalization/ (accessed April 2019). 27 For evidence that the proportion of people migrating across international borders internationally declined between 1960 and 2000, see Mathias Czaika and Hein de Haas, ‘The globalization of migration: has the world become more migratory?’, International migration review, 48:2 (2015), 296. 28 Doreen Massey, Landscape/Space/Politics: An Essay, available online at: https://thefutureoflandscape.wordpress.com/landscapespacepolitics-anessay/ (accessed April 2019); Ben Rogaly and Kaveri Qureshi

in Stories from a migrant city
Globalisation, securitisation and control

prompts reflection on the wider political and societal implication of this strand of the ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse. Political and societal implications An important implication of the construction of the ‘migrant’ other as a potential terrorist threat is that it has securitised migration through making possible and further strengthening restrictive migration control practices, which are contributing to the normalisation of a deep-rooted suspicion of foreigners within European societies. The UN ‘International Migration Report’ of 2006 offered support to this

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism

, ‘Current Trends in International Migration in Europe’ (The Council of Europe, 2006), www.coe.int/t/dg3/migration/archives/documentation/M​igra​ tion%​20management/2005_Salt_report_en.pdf (accessed November 2016). 38 There is, of course, also the troublesome issue of what kinds of migrants and nationalities are permitted to pass which national borders, but this is an issue for border studies that I will leave aside, even though the issue has often surfaced in discussions of art, migration and politics; see, for example, Iain Chambers, ‘Adrift and Exposed’, in Lene

in Migration into art
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The Holocaust as a yardstick

own mini-sending countries within the host countries (‘dish cities’) and pursuing a process perceived and defined as ghettoisation and fostering a parallel society. Host countries’ perceptions of immigrants from poorer places are often coloured by contempt, and Europeans are no exception. Consequently, Muslim migrants are looked down upon. Integration then seems difficult if not remote. Indeed, the Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM) recommended that migrants should leave a host country if they reject the very notion of integration or feel that they

in Haunted presents

Intellectual History. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. Lentin, R. (2012) ‘“There is no movement”: a brief history of migrant-led activism in Ireland’, in R. Lentin and E. Moreo (eds) Migrant Activism and Integration from Below in Ireland. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 42–71. Levitt, P. (2003) ‘“You know, Abraham was really the first immigrant”: religion and transnational migration’, International Migration Review, 37:3, 847–73. Levitt, P. (2004) ‘Redefining the boundaries of belonging: the institutional 3995 Migrations.qxd:text 78 5/8/13 11:39 Page 78 N ETWORKS

in Migrations

America] are not confused, rootless people who are hostages to forces beyond their control’. Rather they were much more self-transplanted; similarly John Bodnar says they were essentially ‘pragmatic’ people, with a flexible, risktaking, modern state of mind: ‘a typical immigrant mentality had been that of a venturesome conservative, who employs new strategies in pursuit of recognizably traditional aspirations’.60 Gerber also stresses the idea of European peasantries seeking rational betterment and renewal: ‘International migration was a strategy for avoiding

in The genesis of international mass migration