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. The perils of a historical mass migration are raised in Maria’s accounts of life in a village where so many young men were forced to emigrate to escape poverty-stricken lives. Crossing boundaries, in other words the physical act of crossing or of being faced with a political boundary inscribed in the landscape, is a process that is both symbolically and affectively linked to the topics of ongoing

in Cinematic countrysides

in mass migration; and the illegal trafficking of drugs and people represent some of the many challenges to the principle of non-interference, and as such to the very bases upon which East Asia has built its networks of relations since 1945. This chapter proposes that the potential for a shift in the regional approach to security lies precisely in these areas of interest, and

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
The impact of the First World War on the 1918–19 influenza pandemic in Ulster

been done during this wave. Measures such as isolating the sick from the healthy, prevention of mass migrations and overcrowding should have been implemented but he believed that this had not been possible due to the demands of war as ‘it was necessary to carry on and the relentless needs of warfare justified incurring the risk of spreading infections’. 61 In fact, it was not

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45

Both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland are relative newcomers to the superdiversity associated with the contemporary age of mass migration. 4 As a result, the discourse of social inclusion is relatively underdeveloped. In particular, there is a lack of understanding of the processes through which younger members of ethnic and religious minorities negotiate their positions in contemporary Irish society. For young migrants and members of ethnic minority communities, negotiation of inclusion in contemporary Ireland can be a challenging process. Young

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Open Access (free)

years in Europe, and much longer in the USA, there has been the phenomenon of a mass migration of people from continental areas with high demographic rates and scarce, if any, development, desperately seeking the advantages of belonging to a ‘prized’ citizenship. This situation has led to a mass of economically and politically very weak people who are de facto excluded from the actual enjoyment of nearly every sort of right

in Political concepts
Inter-war fascistisation

; 136. NA, H0144/21079, Note on the organisation and activities of the Italian Fascist Party, 16 April 1936, p. 9. See Contini, Dear Olivia, p. 193; I. MacDougall, Voices from War. Personal Recollections of War in our Century by Scottish Men and Women (Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 1995), pp. 313-14. Sponza, Divided Loyalties, pp. 45-6. S. Mastellone, ‘Emigration as an ideological problem for the Fascist state’, in Bosworth and Ugolini (eds), War, Internment and Mass Migration, pp. 121-3. Gillman, Collar the Lot, p. 148. See also Fortier, Migrant Belongings, p. 67. Contini

in Experiencing war as the ‘enemy other’
Abstract only

, but also, because of the growth of the railway, transported Germans to emigration ports, such as Bremen and Hamburg. The main function of these ports was facilitating transatlantic mass migration. 22 Nevertheless, for much of the nineteenth century Germans on their way to the USA passed through Great Britain, which played a major role as a point of transhipment. This helped the development of

in The Germans in India

, sustained and growing mass migration ensured that between 1700 and 1780 the colonies witnessed an eleven-fold population increase (Table 1.1). While the eighteenth century saw the English generally eclipsed by other groups of immigrants, they still migrated in large and increasingly diverse numbers. Between 1718 and 1775, for example, the epoch most associated with Ulster-Scots, convicts totalling 50,000 in number became an important element of English and wider British migrations.22 As well, towards the end of this period, migration was promoted by economic difficulties

in The English diaspora in North America
The War on Terror and the resurgence of hillbilly horror after 9/11

guy Henry Fonda to affirm the validity of the New Deal, rejecting in the process any less American (i.e. communistic) solutions. As the mass migration of some three million Appalachian people to the mid-Atlantic and mid-Western cities of the 1950s threatened to undermine Cold War pretensions to cultural homogeneity and national stability, moreover, television stepped into the breach: with programmes like The Real McCoys (1957) Americanising the Appalachian in its tale of West Virginia farmers seeking a new life in California. It was a strategy echoed throughout the

in The wounds of nations

towards eugenics, to thereby maintain existent ethnic hierarchies.28 Dillingham’s reports on marital fertility by ethnic group confirm this.29 In Ireland, the same pressures of population and unequal impoverishment that triggered mass migration from Ireland from around 1828–30, had led the country’s eastern areas to delayed marriage and to the practice of inheritance of farm holdings by one male heir only (with dowry negotiated as accompaniment to an incoming bride). This system became more general after the Famine. The young delayed, even avoided, family formation

in Irish Catholic identities