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G. Honor Fagan

country located in the wrong continent’.10 It was the Great Famine of the mid-nineteenth century and subsequent mass migrations which, supposedly, converted Ireland from an Atlantic country to an American one. This shift in cultural geography was sustained, according to Dunkerely, by a ‘superabundance of myth’11 but was also validated by the one million Irish people who became US citizens in the second half of the nineteenth century. From this perspective, it is easy to leap to another end of century and an economistic reading which would ‘place’ Ireland as an ‘outpost

in The end of Irish history?
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Emergencies and spectatorship
Sam Haddow

image and its subject may be exploited in order to produce affective responses within the spectator. Where Chapter 1 argues that obscuring the subject of an image may in some ways weaponise that image, Chapter 2, ‘Two tales of my dying neighbours’ explores the effect that this obscuring has on the spectator themselves, specifically in their relationship to the other. My case study is the so-​called ‘refugee crisis’, an ongoing set of mass migrations in which images have frequently been manipulated or overwritten in order to divorce western spectators from the plight

in Precarious spectatorship
Deborah Shaw

, and grew in popularity in the 1930s and 1940s with mass migration to the cities. For more information on ranchera music, see Broyles-González ( 2002 ). 14 See Chapter 3 for analysis of Pedro Almodóvar’s use of this song. 15 Her rendition of ‘Tú me acostumbraste

in Screening songs in Hispanic and Lusophone cinema
Maria Rovisco

. The perils of a historical mass migration are raised in Maria’s accounts of life in a village where so many young men were forced to emigrate to escape poverty-stricken lives. Crossing boundaries, in other words the physical act of crossing or of being faced with a political boundary inscribed in the landscape, is a process that is both symbolically and affectively linked to the topics of ongoing

in Cinematic countrysides
Julie Gilson

in mass migration; and the illegal trafficking of drugs and people represent some of the many challenges to the principle of non-interference, and as such to the very bases upon which East Asia has built its networks of relations since 1945. This chapter proposes that the potential for a shift in the regional approach to security lies precisely in these areas of interest, and

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
The impact of the First World War on the 1918–19 influenza pandemic in Ulster
Patricia Marsh

been done during this wave. Measures such as isolating the sick from the healthy, prevention of mass migrations and overcrowding should have been implemented but he believed that this had not been possible due to the demands of war as ‘it was necessary to carry on and the relentless needs of warfare justified incurring the risk of spreading infections’. 61 In fact, it was not

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Open Access (free)
Emilio Santoro

years in Europe, and much longer in the USA, there has been the phenomenon of a mass migration of people from continental areas with high demographic rates and scarce, if any, development, desperately seeking the advantages of belonging to a ‘prized’ citizenship. This situation has led to a mass of economically and politically very weak people who are de facto excluded from the actual enjoyment of nearly every sort of right

in Political concepts
Orla McGarry

Both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland are relative newcomers to the superdiversity associated with the contemporary age of mass migration. 4 As a result, the discourse of social inclusion is relatively underdeveloped. In particular, there is a lack of understanding of the processes through which younger members of ethnic and religious minorities negotiate their positions in contemporary Irish society. For young migrants and members of ethnic minority communities, negotiation of inclusion in contemporary Ireland can be a challenging process. Young

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Inter-war fascistisation
Wendy Ugolini

; 136. NA, H0144/21079, Note on the organisation and activities of the Italian Fascist Party, 16 April 1936, p. 9. See Contini, Dear Olivia, p. 193; I. MacDougall, Voices from War. Personal Recollections of War in our Century by Scottish Men and Women (Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 1995), pp. 313-14. Sponza, Divided Loyalties, pp. 45-6. S. Mastellone, ‘Emigration as an ideological problem for the Fascist state’, in Bosworth and Ugolini (eds), War, Internment and Mass Migration, pp. 121-3. Gillman, Collar the Lot, p. 148. See also Fortier, Migrant Belongings, p. 67. Contini

in Experiencing war as the ‘enemy other’
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Panikos Panayi

, but also, because of the growth of the railway, transported Germans to emigration ports, such as Bremen and Hamburg. The main function of these ports was facilitating transatlantic mass migration. 22 Nevertheless, for much of the nineteenth century Germans on their way to the USA passed through Great Britain, which played a major role as a point of transhipment. This helped the development of

in The Germans in India