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Art in the first industrial society
James Moore

generations who passed through their gates. Despite the increased scholarly interest in institutions as agents of social change, until recently art histories have been relatively silent on the general importance of institutional developments.91 Other disciplines have increasingly begun to see institutions as important in shaping patterns of human behaviour rather than simply being reflections of that behaviour. In economics the ‘institutionalist school’ has a long history dating back to the late nineteenth century, when figures such as Veblen, Commons and Mitchell all but

in High culture and tall chimneys
Elections
Kirsten Haack

understanding. To understand this meaning and the philosophical trajectory of this second vision of democracy, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of the agenda’s creation, its place in the UN system as well as its application in the field. This chapter analyses the reason why and how democracy became defined by a limited, procedural definition. It traces the philosophical foundations of the new democracy agenda, as well as the political and social changes that provided the impetus for a new international dimension of democracy, which enabled the creation of a UN

in The United Nations democracy agenda
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Television advertising, the housewife and domestic life
Sean Nixon

Consumer’, in her American manifestation. Advertising, especially television advertising, played an important role in the dissemination of both the ideal of the housewife and that of the new household. In this chapter, I want to reflect on the way TV advertising in Britain represented these conjoined aspects of post-war social change and how it became part of the broader social project to remake domestic life and the ordering of gender relations within it. In doing so, I focus on the way one central aspect of the new home was depicted – the kitchen. Among advocates of

in Hard sell
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Lynn Abrams

complexities of the global economy. In most respects women’s experience in twentyfirst-century Shetland mirrors that of women elsewhere in modern western societies, but in Shetland the past continues to serve as a referent of identity. At a time when Shetland is searching for home-made survival solutions, women’s narratives are used to engage in a political dialogue about Shetland identity and social change. Disturbing narratives Shetland is a prize for the scholar. It disturbs our concepts of progress, our accepted notions of gender structures, our sense of when the past

in Myth and materiality in a woman’s world
Michael G. Cronin

recent Irish history. Northern Ireland was descending into war when it was published and had its first success. Hugh Leonard’s acclaimed television adaptation was broadcast on RTÉ in 1980/81, a particularly tense and bloody period in the North as well as the beginnings of economic recession and a right-wing backlash against social change in the South. In 2013 the Lockout centenary brought renewed attention to Plunkett’s novel, it was selected for that year’s ‘One City, One Book’ campaign by Dublin City Libraries for instance, and this, of course, coincides with a

in Are the Irish different?
Claire Wallace

Labour prompted a range of studies that tried to take into account the role of domestic work in relation to paid work so that nobody will be able to ever again subsume the distinction between ‘work’ and ‘employment’. Studies included ones that attempted to further quantify these relationships as well as ones that sought to understand the meanings and negotiations behind them. A major ESRC initiative known as the Social Change and Economic Life Initiative (SCELI) sought to embed these relationships in an understanding of local labour markets and their variations

in Revisiting Divisions of Labour
Neal Curtis

time it is dimmed by comparison, as if to indicate his diminished authority and legitimacy. It is not until he works out the mystery of Redemption’s powers and confronts the pastor that he is once again shown accompanied by a brilliant, dazzling sun, the brightest to appear in the story. The Good and social change Having demonstrated the symbolic importance of the sun to Superman and argued that this trope offers us a useful way for thinking about his transcendence and sovereign legitimacy, some attention needs to be given to the claim that such transcendence is

in Sovereignty and superheroes
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Mary P. Wood

the form of the excavation of the past, characterised by Marcia Landy as a search for secrets, which will not only enable a context to be set, but will also provide ‘a means of regarding the past affectively in relation to the present’. 20 Melodrama is usually considered to flourish in times of great social change, and to provide, through intensity of emotional involvement, the opportunity to rehearse safely and work through

in European film noir
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Domestic troubles in post-war Britain
Jill Kirby

social attitudes and behaviours through a medium that itself was changing and in its turn effecting social change. 8 The representation of working-class life that they offered, while not unproblematic, shows how the meanings of everyday domestic experience were being reflected and constituted at the time. 9 The cumulative effect of exposure to specific portrayals of such experience in popular culture was an influential factor in changing notions of gender roles, leisure, privacy, work and personal relationships, all of which contributed to a growing popular

in Feeling the strain
Mark Garavan

conducted, seemed to me particularly exciting. Here was an approach which combined political, philosophical and cultural processes to achieve radical social change but refused to subordinate means to ends. In my subsequent work with homeless people in the Dublin Simon Community I glimpsed the value of Freire’s emphasis on reading reality ‘from below’: from the perspective of the poor and oppressed, rather than ­imposing theoretical frameworks of liberation on them. Many times I was rightly rebuked by homeless people, Travellers and prisoners for my earnest claims that I

in Mobilising classics