Search results

Abstract only

of class, gender and generation all had significant roles in shaping working people’s experience of life, labour and leisure. When we compare the free time of women and men, there can be little doubt that working-class men were the chief beneficiaries of the increased leisure opportunities and surplus incomes in working-class families of the late nineteenth century. The era of mass commercial leisure compounded gender inequalities and set the tone for the twentieth century. Until the Second World War, working-class womens’ experience of mass leisure was severely

in Leisure, citizenship and working-class men in Britain, 1850–1945
Perspectives on audiences and impact

Historians interact with a variety of audiences. In the history of medicine – our focus – audiences include government committees and commissions dealing with ethical issues in biomedicine; journalists asking for historical perspectives on new discoveries as well as abuses and controversies in medicine; curators and visitors at museums; sometimes even medical researchers utilizing historical material. A particularly prominent audience for historians of medicine is in health care, students as well as practitioners. An important aim of the book is to challenge the idea that communication between researchers and their audiences is unidirectional. This is achieved by employing a media theoretical perspective to discuss how historians create audiences for academic knowledge production (‘audiencing’). The theme is opportune not least because the measurement of ‘impact’ is rapidly becoming a policy tool. The book’s 10 chapters explore the history of medicine’s relationships with its audiences, from the early twentieth century to the present. Throughout the authors discuss how historians of medicine and others have interacted with and impacted audiences. Topics include medical education, policy-making, exhibitions and museums, film and television.

The sanatorium patient and sanatorium nursing, c. 1908–52

3 ‘In the company of those similarly afflicted’: The sanatorium patient and sanatorium nursing, c. 1908–52 Martin S. McNamara and Gerard M. Fealy Introduction In the first half of the twentieth century, pulmonary tuberculosis was one of the major causes of death in Ireland. Aside from its immediate impact on the health of the population, tuberculosis was socially constructed within cultural, religious and secular discourses that attributed numerous meanings to the disease, variously associating it with climate-related ‘decline’ and familial ‘delicacy’. Holding

in Histories of nursing practice
Abstract only

3047 Priestleys England 5/4/07 12:31 Page 1 Introduction Although this is a book about a writer, it is neither biography nor literary criticism: it is probably best described as cultural history. It deals with a man who, while pre-eminently an imaginative writer, one of the best known and most widely read in twentieth-century Britain, was several other things as well, often simultaneously: journalist, broadcaster, social commentator, political activist and all-round public figure. The purpose of this book is to ask what this prolific body of work and

in Priestley’s England
Abstract only
Concepts and practices in twentieth-century colonialism

The book investigates the concepts and related practices of development in British, French and Portuguese colonial Africa during the last decades of colonial rule. During this period, development became the central concept underpinning the relationship between metropolitan Europe and colonial Africa. Combining historiographical accounts with analyses from other academic perspectives, the book investigates a range of contexts, from agriculture to mass media. With its focus on the conceptual side of development and its broad geographical scope, the book offers new and uncommon perspectives. An extensive introduction contextualizes the individual chapters and makes the book an up-to-date point of entry into the subject of (colonial) development, not only for a specialist readership, but also for students of history, development and post-colonial studies. Written by scholars from Africa, Europe and North America, the book is a uniquely international dialogue on this vital chapter of twentieth-century transnational history and on a central concept of the contemporary world.

Abstract only

Introduction Recent decades have seen an important growth in research and publication concerning women and sexuality in Irish history.1 While many of these studies purport to be all-Ireland studies, in the majority of cases the position of women in Ulster or Northern Ireland has been overlooked. This is particularly lamentable as women living in Ulster were doing so in a social and political situation that was very different to the rest of the island.2 The politics and political violence of twentieth-century Northern Ireland have overshadowed social history in

in Regulating sexuality
Abstract only

-demographic) • the demands and constraints of the seigneurial economy and of resistance to the same • the development of commerce and the market. In the second half of the twentieth century, these broad approaches were employed with varying degrees of emphasis to make sense of the peasant experience and to help identify and explain change over time, especially in the period from 1200 to 1500. This also, as we will see, generated a good deal of debate as advocates of one or other model clashed; at different moments, different

in Peasants and historians
Tradition and modernity in rural North Yorkshire

This book reviews the burial history of central North Yorkshire. In exploring the social history of burial in rural areas, the book aims to encompass some of the principles underpinning 'l'histoire des mentalites'. The book considers the issue of churchyard closure. Churchyard closure generally signalled that burial space was made available elsewhere, and in most cases before 1894 this meant that the churchyard itself had been extended. The book reviews the incidence of churchyard extension, which was commonplace during the nineteenth century. The Burial Acts introduced legislation that permitted vestries to establish burial boards, which could raise loans repayable through the rates to fund the laying out of new cemeteries. In central North Riding, a total of eighteen burial boards were in operation before 1894, and the book reviews in detail the operation of the ten largest boards in that group. The Burial Acts maintained and even strengthened the hold of the Church of England on burial space, by substantially increasing the amount of consecrated land under its control. The book also addresses the contention that the new legislative context for burial in the twentieth century might then introduce the opportunity for a substantial centralisation of burial provision. Finally, the book reviews the pattern of burial provision in 2007 compared with 1850, and concludes that there is evidence of both continuity and change.

Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese modernity

tale also suggests the ubiquity and pervasiveness of the product to which it alludes. In real life, Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People never languished in the sea but made it across several oceans. This chapter examines advertisements for the product in Chinese-language publications in Shanghai during the early twentieth century, comparing them to English-language advertisements printed in Shanghai, England, and the United States. Much like the telephone poles that refuse to be silenced, the long advertising history of Dr Williams’ Pink Pills

in Progress and pathology
Abstract only
From physician to neurologist

, institutions, and ideas all located in the complex, shifting social and cultural ferment of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain. Over that two-century period physicians and scientists found themselves, often reluctantly, occupying a new role as members of an ever-more specialist and ever-more medical enterprise called neurology. That story of their reluctance not only describes the by now well-worn tale of medical resistance to the advance of specialisation; significantly, it also calls attention to the fact that in Britain neurology was considered a socially

in The neurologists