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’. This made politics the nexus of history, but other subjects were relevant insofar as they had a bearing on the actions of people. In exemplifying these other subjects, Bryce revealed his personal preferences: history ‘deals with language as evidence of the relations of races to one another, or as a force in uniting or disjoining them. She finds in literature and art illustrations of the productive power and the taste of a nation, and notes the effect they exercise in developing national life.’29 This focus on the life of nations, on tracing the rise and fall of grand

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930

has also run FLE and other socio-vocational courses (theatre, photography, art, computing and so on) for asylum seekers and victims of trafficking. Both projects attract large numbers of women who are motivated to attend courses despite having childcare responsibilities and long distances to travel. In addition, both projects adopt a gender-sensitive approach in all their activities including the monitoring and evaluation of their work. Refugees on the other hand, have many of the same rights to further and higher education and other vocational courses as French

in Refugee women in Britain and France

advertised as such, Browne explained that the Taliban was not a ‘generic, homogeneous organisation’, and claimed that some of its members were ‘capable of being persuaded’ to participate in the democratic process. Attempting to spin the rising levels of violence as a sign of success, telling the Defence Committee that ‘the nature of the insurgency’ was ‘a function of the progress that we have made’, the Defence Secretary explained that ‘[p]art of what we are seeking to do is to create 112 A road well travelled an ­ environment where people can make that very transition

in New Labour and the new world order
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Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link

peace and conflict studies literature has primarily drawn on Certeau. His framework is appropriate to theorise hybridity, yet it leaves many aspects of resistance undefined. Certeau analyses two kinds of practices which he links to a Clausewitzean understanding of strategy and tactic in war. ‘Strategy’ is that of the general. It represents power (‘a business, an army, a city, a scientific institution’) and its practices relate to the delimitation of a place from which external threats and targets can be controlled and managed (Certeau 1984: 37). A ‘tactic’ is ‘the art

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

2002: Art. 1.c). 104 History and present of ‘Africa’s World War’ 15 Unless noted, general information in this and subsequent paragraphs in this section relies on Stearns (2008, 2012a); UN Group of Experts (2010b; 2012a; 2012b). 16 There has been debate as to whether they were the same movement or not. However, all official communiqués are signed as CNDP–M-23 (M23 2012). Jason Stearns argues that their leadership, funding and positions, especially in Masisi and Rutshuru, make them the same, with the M-23 having less social support than the CNDP in its heyday

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

beginning of the first article: Art. 1. The Institute of International Law is an exclusively scientific association, and with no official character. Its objects are – (1) To favour the progress of International Law by seeking to become the organ of the legal conscience of the civilised world. (2) To formulate the general principles of the science, as well as the rules that result from it, and to spread the knowledge of it. (3) To give its aid to any serious attempt at gradual and progressive codification….64 Behind this conception of the Institute’s role, we see an

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930

. K. Webster, The Study of Nineteenth Century Diplomacy (London, 1915); C. K. Webster, The Congress of Vienna (London, 1920); C. K. Webster, The League of Nations in Theory and Practice (London, 1932). For a good treatment of Webster, see Ian Hall, ‘The art and practice of a diplomatic historian: Sir Charles Webster, 1886–1961’, International Politics, 24 (2005), 470–90. 85 Alfred Zimmern, The Study of International Relations (Oxford, 1931), p. 5. 86 For a flavour of Fisher’s internationalist views, see H. A. L. Fisher, The War – Its Causes and Issues (London

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930

anderen räubern mit Fangflotten in den Fischbeständen der Somalier – “ein Desaster für Somalias Küste, die Umwelt, die Bevölkerung”, sagt Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, der Uno-Sonderbeauftragte für Somalia. Aufgebrachte somalische Fischer vertrieben früh ausländische Boote mit Kalaschnikow-Feuer’). 114 ‘Wir Piraten’, Spiegel, no. 3, 12 January 2009, p. 130 (‘hohe Arbeitslosigkeit). 115 ‘Die Verbrecher der Meere’, Focus, no. 47, 17 November 2008, p. 186 (‘Eine Lösung des Problems sei erst absehbar, wenn an Stelle des von Clans dominierten Somalia “eine Art Staat existiert

in Romantic narratives in international politics
Legislation, agencies and the implementation gap

Union, Drawing up the Convention Relating to Extradition between the Member States of the European Union (Brussels, September 1996). Conclusions of the Tampere European Council on 15–16 October 1999 (Brussels, October 1999). For a full list, see Art. 2 (2) of the Council of the European Union, Framework Decision of 13 June 2002 on the European Arrest Warrant and the Surrender Procedures between Member States (Brussels, June 2002). Report from the Commission on the European Arrest Warrant and the Surrender Procedures between Member States (Brussels, February 2005), p

in The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation, 1992–2007