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them legally into British society provided opportunities for upwardly mobile visitors from the subcontinent. Equally important, the Indian encounter with institutions in the United Kingdom forced British officials to adapt their own national identity into an imperial context, one that competed with the tendency toward ethnically-based citizenship that was becoming increasingly

in ‘The better class’ of Indians
Unsettled identities, unstable monuments

unveiled by the Maori King Koroki in 1948. The park and monument complex, initiated during the period in which New Zealand shifted from mature colony to independent dominion (1907) in the British Empire, constitutes an aesthetic shaping that can be related to notions about putative national(ist) and regional(ist) settler-colonial identity, though not in straightforward or settled ways. It can be risky to take the behaviour and representations of an individual as an index of wider social phenomena, to conflate person and

in Rethinking settler colonialism
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Overlapping territories, intertwined histories

from a variety of perspectives, and this book brings together contributors from several disciplines, including imperial history, geography, cultural studies, literature and the history of art and design. Their essays consider a range of urban settings, including capital cities such as London, Paris and Rome, and other major European cities, including Glasgow, Marseilles and Seville. In some chapters a specific monument or exhibition provides the main focus; others explore the ways in which imperial identities were composed

in Imperial cities
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Temporal frontiers and boundaries in colonial images of the Australian landscape

discourses, therefore, this initial moment of Australia’s colonisation effects a frontier: a transitional point at which the identities of colonial Australia and its Other coincide and are negotiated in terms of each other. In the resultant discourse, the uncolonised landscape represents a benchmark against which the colonial transformation of the landscape can be measured – a sign of

in Colonial frontiers

studies of Victorian race and culture, I have nagging concern that some of these studies are as much a celebration of the present as an effort to understand the past. Our new methods with their sensitivity to the manifold bipolar constructions of racial identities, while exposing the Victorians to reveal something about ourselves, may also be engaged in colonising the Victorians

in Science, race relations and resistance

else’s self, the places they created might be contested by those who felt their identity or sense of belonging in Australia to be challenged by them. Consequently, the narratives of place constructed by Irish and Scottish religious memory and practice were, like all others, multi-vocal. Despite their formative role in the replication of ethnic identity, they did not sustain single, essentialist meanings. They were

in Imperial spaces
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Clothing and masculine identities in the imperial city, 1860–1914

is commonly recognised by historians of urban life that late nineteenth-century London was often viewed as a collection of highly individualised locales, subsumed within an overriding disparity between the luxuries of the West End and the deprivations and dangers of the East. The exact nature of the relationship between London’s regions has been vigorously contested by more recent historians, particularly in those studies concerned with the playing out of gendered and classbased identities in the realms of fashionable

in Imperial cities
Salutations from a Dutch queen’s supporters in a British South Africa

Elements of that loosely held identity increasingly divided the ethno-nationalist Afrikaner movement that developed in the twentieth century. In the early part of Wilhelmina’s reign, for instance, the status and use of Afrikaans was deeply contested among the cultural, intellectual and political elites of South Africa, particularly among nationalists who disputed whether it or High

in Crowns and colonies

, ‘Greek Cypriot Narratives of History and Collective Identity: Nationalism as a Contested Process’, American Ethnologist , 25(3), 1998 , 149–65; Yiannis Papadakis, ‘Nation, Narrative and Commemoration: Political Ritual in Divided Cyprus’, History and Anthropology , 14(3), 2003 , 253–70; Rebecca Bryant, Imagining the Modern: The Cultures

in Serving the empire in the Great War
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Reframing cultures of decolonisation

allowed new cultural forms and identities to emerge. 24 Wendy Webster’s work on mainstream British media, Simon Potter’s study of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), and a recent spate of important edited volumes investigating documentary and non-fiction film and the novel have all provided rich detail on the contested, pervasive nature of decolonisation in Britain. 25 While writing on Dutch

in Cultures of decolonisation