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Theoretical appendix

successful frame is not a logically sound argument but a culturally and historically specific cluster of interrelated concerns and values. A related qualification is that framing processes will tend to be continual and provisional rather than discrete and definitive. Framing is embedded in social activity as a process, which continually produces and reproduces statements about how groups and individuals see the social world. It is also functionally embedded in social activity, structuring propositions which assist or hinder social actors in pursuing their interests. In

in ‘More work! Less pay!’
Open Access (free)
The European transformation of the French model

half of the ministries have created ‘cellules européennes’ even at the ‘bureau’ level.46 Moreover it is a standard operating procedure that in the case of intersectoral conflicts, the ministerial ‘cabinet’ serves as a clearing-house. The cabinets are at the heart of French ministries and are composed of young, brilliant bureaucrats and personal assistants trusted by their minister. At this top level of bureaucracy, the organisational differentiation for European matters is more functional. Today most French ministers appoint within their cabinets a special counsellor

in Fifteen into one?
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Europeanisation in the making

differentiated approach to the conflict parties in the process of status determination. Both strategies were based on the link between the Thessaloniki Agenda, Kosovo’s status, and progress toward the Euro-Atlantic integration of Serbia and Kosovo. The approach towards Serbia was based on the incentives and conditionality structure of the European perspective. The EU developed a predominantly functional

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
The ‘natural cases’ of the campaigns for Falun Gong and IPR protection

38 2 The power of state preferences: the ‘natural cases’ of the campaigns for Falun Gong and IPR protection D ifferent advocacy campaigns achieve different results and take different functional forms. Those explored in this chapter were chosen precisely because they differ radically in terms of the reception each has met from the Chinese government, and the results they produced –​one was embraced by the state while the other was wholly rejected. In the case of the campaign mounted by Falun Gong and its supporters against the state for its own campaign to

in The advocacy trap

, London and Belfast believed that the UN could play no useful role and opposed the tabling of a formal resolution. The advent of rapprochement and functional cooperation with Terence O’Neill’s administration during the mid-1960s would provide an additional reason not to antagonise the British or Northern Ireland Governments. Privately, the Minister 72 From Partition to Brexit for External Affairs, Frank Aiken, conceded that UN General Assembly resolutions were of ‘little or no value’ as they were not binding. To support his claim, the Tánaiste cited the number of

in From Partition to Brexit
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Regional party strategies in Europe

regional policies and issues. The ‘territorialisation’ of statewide parties has a number of dimensions. These include the adoption of stronger territorial party identities and rhetoric, calls for greater organisational and programmatic differentiation from the centre, and the development of alternative constitutional goals. In territorialising party organisations, power and authority no longer rest in one single place, but rather different organisational units within parties possess different powers and autonomous functions. In this sense, parties are developing new

in Using Europe
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.W.F. Hegel, who clearly differentiated between ‘civil’ and ‘political’ society in his Philosophy of Right . For Hegel, explains Riedel, the expression ‘civil’ gains a primarily ‘social’ content as opposed to its original meaning and is no longer taken to be synonymous with ‘political’ as it was in the eighteenth century

in Globalizing democracy

electorate was the most cohesive, in its large majority dissatisfied with the limited devolution introduced by the Government of Wales Act. The party system is an important explanatory variable differentiating between Wales and Brittany. There are some similarities between the Welsh and Breton situations. Welsh politicians also reached the heights of political power by operating through the national parties, first the Liberals, latterly Labour. A sense of Britishness was inculcated into Welsh consciousness by the actions of politicians such as Aneurin Bevan, who stressed

in Beyond devolution and decentralisation
Distinguishing capacity-restoring and capacity-increasing technologies

establish an important conceptual clarification, so that the reader can understand precisely what this book is about and the moral issues it raises. We indeed need to understand what differentiates technologies aiming to restore individuals’ physical or psychological faculties from those looking to increase them. While the former type of technology finds its moral justification in sound and convincing arguments, the latter are seen

in A theory of the super soldier
Meanings, Limits, Manifestations

development of our selves. Such recognition ideally manifests itself within three central spheres of ethical existence: in the family, in civil society and in the state. In the family, members initially experience an undivided feeling of love which gradually becomes differentiated as self-consciousness matures into full personality. In the sphere of civil society, consciousness manifests itself in the

in Recognition and Global Politics