Philanthropy, Agnes Weston and contested manhood

As the Admiralty reformed the navy and its men, private naval charities sought to administer additional relief, often in spiritual form, to naval personnel. Although maritime missions had enjoyed a long history of providing aid to sailors, Victorian maritime philanthropy was distinctive for a number of reasons. First, new structural distinctions between the navy and merchant marine

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
Naval officers’ experiences of slave-trade suppression

encounters with slaver crews angered by the Royal Navy’s interference. One infamous case which caused public outcry in Britain was the trial in July 1845 of ten Brazilian and Spanish crew-members from the slavers Felicidade and Echo for the murders of midshipman Thomas Palmer and nine seamen of HMS Wasp . At the time of their murders the British sailors were transporting the

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
Prince Alfred’s precedent in overseas British royal tours, c. 1860– 1925

historical figure. 2 The second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Alfred served as a career officer in the Royal Navy (1858–1893), rising to the highest rank of Admiral of the Fleet. In 1893 he succeeded his Uncle Ernst (Prince Albert’s elder brother) as Duke of Saxe Coburg Gotha in Germany. Alfred was thus a prominent British naval officer as well as European royal. His death in 1900 (a year before his mother), long absences from Britain and

in Royals on tour
National origins, seafaring and the Christian impulse

Treasure Island (1920), the national past was the story of the growth of ‘the Island in the Middle of World’. 71 Emphases on Britain (England) as an island race with a natural, innate mastery of the seas endured, not least because of the preponderance of the navy as emblematic of identity. The island story trope was given sustenance by tales of Britain

in Citizenship, Nation, Empire
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men’s lives were like when serving in the navy during this period. In his fascinating social study of the lower deck, Christopher McKee makes a playful argument where he conjectures that, apart from the technological gap that separated them, a mid-nineteenth-century sailor held much in common with a sailor from 1939. 1 While there is some truth in this statement, the British navy had not only made marked changes since the

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
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A singing sailor on the Georgian stage

• 4 • Charles Incledon: a singing sailor on the Georgian stage Anna Maria Barry Cornish tenor Charles Incledon (1763–1826) was a prominent figure in Britain during the Napoleonic Wars, entertaining patriotic crowds with popular naval ballads. Unlike other nationalistic singers of the period, however, he did not merely masquerade in a sailor’s costume on stage – Incledon was an authentic sailor. He had served in the Royal Navy during the American Revolutionary Wars, and took every opportunity to make the public aware of his naval service. But despite his fame

in Martial masculinities

audiences appear to be mixed, with prices ranging from 3d to 6d. Indeed, a procession of important military figures attended, including the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy. 14 The spectacle continued through the whole of January owing to 'popular demand', while another travelling Zulu show entertained large Portsmouth audiences in September of the same year. In Leeds, a Zulu show was brought to the town by a veteran of the 1879

in Visions of empire
Conceptions of law in the mutinies of 1797

, martial law, and courts martial to reinscribe hierarchies of status and re-establish order in the naval ranks. They read the crews’ actions as a dangerous combination of insubordination and republican ideas. ‘Rule Britannia’ originating from the poem written by James Thomson glorified Britain, its sailors, and the navy's place in British culture and society. The famous chorus

in Britain and its internal others, 1750–1800
Working-class schooling, 1870–1939

absence of an influential industrial sector in Portsmouth, it was the navy that played a prominent role in the town's education. There was a large contingency of naval and military personnel on School Boards and, by the First World War, the navy had begun to influence the curriculum in Portsmouth schools. 9 The three communities shared a similar student-to-school ratio that averaged between 500 and 600

in Visions of empire
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exploring the cultural power of naval masculinities, it is essential to recognise the enormous power of the navy in contributing to and disseminating constructions of military masculinities. Far more men were employed in the navy during this period, and Britain’s role as a sea power meant that naval officers and ratings were significant types of military manliness, held up for celebration and, occasionally, criticism. Scholarly trends in naval history have followed a similar trajectory to those of the army, though with something of a time lag. Accounts of British naval

in Martial masculinities