Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making addresses debates on liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding of these processes and the particular case.
This book shows the impact of twenty-first-century security concerns on the way Russia is ruled. It demonstrates how President Vladimir Putin has wrestled with terrorism, immigration, media freedom, religious pluralism, and economic globalism, and argues that fears of a return to old-style authoritarianism oversimplify the complex context of contemporary Russia. Since the early 1990s, Russia has been repeatedly analysed in terms of whether it is becoming a democracy or not. This book instead focuses on the internal security issues common to many states in the early twenty-first century, and places them in the particular context of Russia, the world's largest country, still dealing with its legacy of communism and authoritarianism. Detailed analysis of the place of security in Russia's political discourse and policy making reveals nuances often missing from overarching assessments of Russia today. To characterise the Putin regime as the ‘KGB-resurgent’ is to miss vital continuities, contexts, and on-going political conflicts that make up the contemporary Russian scene. The book draws together current debates about whether Russia is a ‘normal’ country developing its own democratic and market structures, or a nascent authoritarian regime returning to the past. Drawing on extensive interviews and Russian source material, it argues that the growing security factor in Russia's domestic politics is neither ubiquitous nor unchallenged. It must be understood in the context of Russia's immediate history and the growing domestic security concerns of many states the world over.
The post-communist transition in Romania has been a period rife with high hopes and expectations as well as strong disappointments and disillusions. The engagement with these disappointments or disillusions has mainly fallen along the lines of critical editorial comments by dissidents and intellectuals or academic engagements that connect it to different forms of social and political apathy. What seems to be lacking however, is a more head-on engagement with disillusionment as a self-contained process that is not just a side-effect of political corruption or economic failures but rather an intrinsic part of any transition. This book provides the basis for a theory of disillusionment in instances of transition. It also elaborates on how such a theory could be applied to a specific case-study, in this instance, the Romanian transition from communism to capitalism. By defining disillusionment as the loss of particularly strong collective illusions, the book identifies what those illusions were in the context of the Romanian 1989 Revolution. It also seeks to understand the extent to which disillusionment is intrinsic to social change, and more importantly, determine whether it plays an essential role in shaping both the direction and the form of change. The book further inevitably places itself at the intersection of a number of different academic literatures: from regional and comparative studies, political science and "transitology" studies, to sociology, psychology and cultural studies.
This book explores the relationship between peacebuilding and dance, including
insights dance provides on key debates around peace and conflict. It
investigates the practice of a dance-focused peacebuilding programme and tells
the important story of youth who engage in dance for peacebuilding in Colombia,
the Philippines and the United States. In doing so, the book analyses the ways
in which this programme fits into the broader global context. Incorporating
participant voices, critical political analysis and reflections on dance
practice, this book reveals important implications and nuances regarding
arts-based peace initiatives that can also contribute to reflections on
peacebuilding more broadly. In particular, investigating the role of empathy and
embodiment further contributes to expanding perspectives on peacebuilding. As
such, this book contributes to theory and practice while building critical
understanding of the politics of integrating dance into peacebuilding. By
exploring the politics of dancing peace, including benefits and challenges, and
local and global connections, this book highlights and analyses key issues in
arts-based peacebuilding approaches. As the global community continues to seek
pathways to peace that are inclusive of people across differences – such as
race, religion, gender, culture, age and locality – and that improve upon,
supplement or replace existing dominant approaches, this book provides a
valuable in-depth analysis and recommendations for practice.
have’, he said,
‘is to stay alive and be free from violence and death’.
At the same time he said that ‘we need each other and we need
to work with each other . . . to reassert the fundamental values of
Australia’ ( Dodson
and Kerr, 2005 ). The immediate politics at work included an
attempt to rally support for new laws and policy approaches
This volume traces changing images of Germany in the field of International
Relations (IR). Images of countries are mental representations with audio-visual
and narrative dimensions that identify typical or even unique characteristics.
This book focuses on perceptions of Germany from the English-speaking world and
on the role they played in the development of twentieth-century IR theory. When
the discipline originated, liberal internationalists contrasted cooperative
foreign policies with inherently aggressive Prussianism. Early realists
developed their ideas with reference to the German fight against the Treaty of
Versailles. Geopoliticians and German emigre scholars relied on German history
when they translated historical experiences into social-scientific vocabularies.
The book demonstrates that few states have seen their image change as
drastically as Germany during the century. After the Second World War, liberals,
lawyers, and constructivists developed new theories and concepts in view of the
Nuremberg trials, the transformation of the former enemy into an ally of the
West, and Germany’s new commitment to multilateralism. Today, IR theorists
discuss the perplexing nature of ‘civilian power’ Germany – an economic giant
but a military dwarf. Yet the chapters in this volume also show that there has
never been just one image of Germany, but always several standing next to each
other in a sometimes compatible and sometimes contradictory manner.
Thomas P. ‘Tip’ O’Neill Jr.:
the honour of public service
Rosemary D. O’Neill
A ‘New Deal’ Democrat
Thomas P. ‘Tip’ O’Neill Jr. was Speaker of the Massachusetts General
Court (1949–1952) and Speaker of the US House of Representatives
(1977–1986). A quintessential urban ethnic politician who rose to
national prominence, he was often called ‘the last of the New Deal
liberals’. From the era of political party dominance to the period of
media domination of public life, Tip O’Neill was a shrewd practitioner
of the political arts.
Like so many Americans
United States (US) and the Soviet
Union (USSR). It also served as the core framework of analysis. In that
respect, the ‘core’ was prioritized, both analytically and
politically, over what were considered local or regional disputes raging
in an area broadly defined as the ‘Third World’, now more
widely known as the developing world. The latter category was considered
theoretically insignificant insofar as
next level, I will now
consider the discourse as a totality; I will look at the forest rather
than just individual trees. When examining a discourse in toto
there are a number of important questions to consider: What are its main
features and what makes the discourse distinctive or unique? How does it
compare with previous discourses of counter-terrorism or other political
discourses? And what can
Edited and introduced by Nobel Laureate John Hume, T.G. Fraser and Leonie Murray, this book provides a range of unique insights into the issues surrounding peacemaking, delivered by major international figures with direct experience in this area at the highest level. Based on a series of lectures on the theme of ‘Peace’ given under the auspices of the Tip O’Neill Chair in Peace Studies at the University of Ulster’s Magee campus and funded by The Ireland Funds, each lecture is presented with an introduction placing it in its proper context within the discourse on peacemaking. The volume makes an invaluable contribution to the study of peace and conflict studies, international history, international relations and international politics.