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Laura Cahillane

. Generally, the courts cannot overrule its legislation and no Parliament can pass laws that future Parliaments cannot change.’2 In complete contrast to the British idea, the Irish Constitution Committee decided on the idea of popular sovereignty for the Irish Free State Constitution.3 Popular sovereignty is the idea that the people are the source of all political authority within the state.4 It is the idea that the people can create their own state, write their own laws, build their own institutions, set down their own rules, elect their own representatives and have the

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
Richard Parrish

3 The sports policy subsystem Sabatier’s Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) proves a useful starting point for those wishing to conceptualise the EU as comprising a myriad of policy subsystems. Operating within these subsystems is a wide range of actors who attempt to steer policy in a direction compatible with their belief system. Sabatier’s broad concept of subsystem actors stresses the political nature of subsystem activity. Sabatier defines a policy subsystem as a ‘set of actors who are involved in dealing with a policy problem’ (Sabatier 1988: 138). The

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

established important principles concerning the relationship between sport and EU law.1 In the event, the lack of enforcement from the Commission limited the scope of these rulings. In Bosman, the principles established in previous case law were extended. As the Commission was more energetic in enforcing Bosman, so the ruling took on enormous legal significance for sport.2 The rulings in Deliège and Lehtonen, which placed some limit on the application of EU law to sport, took place in the context of an on-going political discussion within the EU on how to reconcile EU law

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

7 The future of EU sports law and policy A central objective of this text was to place some order on the seemingly random and ad hoc impulses of EU activity in the sports sector. The book claims that today’s EU sports policy has developed out of a policy tension within the EU. The tension between the Single Market regulatory impulses of EU activity in sport and the EU’s political policy objectives for sport has contributed to the birth of a EU sports policy defined by the construction of the separate territories approach. In other words a distinct legal approach

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Victor Adetula and Olugbemi Jaiyebo

recorded in Africa have emphasized elections to help citizens determine occupants of State power without consideration for the nature and character of the State. The consequence has been the survival of a State that lacks autonomy to inaugurate, influence and supervize political transitions and other auxiliary programmes including economic reforms. In this chapter, we employ the

in African perspectives in international investment law
Abstract only
Their commencement, effects and termination
Leslie C. Green

war or to treat hostilities as an armed conflict is political, made by governmental authorities, members of the forces must behave as if every conflict amounts to war and they must therefore abide by the law of war. In fact, it is becoming increasingly clear that the terms ‘war’ and ‘armed conflict’ are being used as if they were synonyms. However, during its operations against Afghanistan and Iraq

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
General Assembly resolutions
Rossana Deplano

on Identification of Customary International Law with a view to establishing whether they adequately account for the peculiarities of the decisions of international organisations in the process of custom creation. A last section offers concluding observations (4). The argument is made that providing a step-by-step methodology on how to identify a rule of customary international law proves to be an elusive task due to the spontaneous character of custom creation. In particular, the dual nature of resolutions of international organizations as both political and

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Laura Cahillane

commitments, he attended only one further meeting and so, guided by his instructions, Letter from James Douglas to L. Hollingsworth Wood, 9 March 1922, in Brian Farrell, ‘The Drafting of the Irish Free State Constitution II’ (1970) 5 Irish Jurist 343, 347.  1 3 Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution the ­committee worked otherwise independently. Because of the magnitude of their task, it was of the utmost importance that the Committee, chosen by Collins and Arthur Griffith, should comprise accomplished, intelligent, politically neutral members.2 The Committee was

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
Christopher T. Marsden

much consumer anger and political action. 5 Zero rating is ‘positive’ net neutrality violation involving not blocking, but treating some content better than general Internet traffic. As cable TV provides high definition and standard video and television channels at high fees in a separate logical pathway to the general Internet traffic on its cable, some telecoms companies hope to partition their

in Network neutrality
Open Access (free)
Christopher T. Marsden

well as Specialised Services, there remain serious research gaps in the analysis. These gaps were predictable five years ago but have only slowly been addressed, reflecting the political, economic and forensic uncertainty of net neutrality regulation. Table 9 summarises the date of introduction of net neutrality policy, its regulatory basis and the major cases dealt with by the

in Network neutrality