Search results

You are looking at 71 - 80 of 342 items for :

  • Manchester History of Medicine x
Clear All
Abstract only
Attendant training in Victoria, Australia, 1880-1907

train attendants in Victoria coincided with the movement to establish formal training in Britain.3 The coincidence reflects Andrew Scull’s observation that ‘Australasia was an intellectual as well as a political colony’ whose alienists shared many of the theoretical assumptions of their metropolitan counterparts.4 This was certainly the case with regard to training, the scheme devised in Victoria drawing directly on British initiatives. This chapter explores the first attempts by asylum doctors in Victoria to introduce training in the 1880s and 1890s, and the

in Mental health nursing
Abstract only
The social imaginary of the London bog-house c.1660–c.1800

ejects over a synecdoche of the English family.4 The print transcended the occasionality of political satire, entering the image bank of Georgian England and contributing significantly to the emergence of a stereotyped figure of the ‘Scot’ in the nation’s visual culture.5 Other versions were produced in 1745.6 In 1762 Edward Sumpter published another, which fed 101 Excremental operations and fed into anti-Scottish sentiments during Lord Bute’s ascendancy.7 In 1779 James Gillray transformed the image into an attack on Scottish agitation against the Catholic Relief Act

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Medicine and the world of letters

refined sensibilities, before proceeding to consider how medicine intersected with the cultural politics of place in the work of his friend and fellow physician, William White. With White’s antiquarianism providing the link between the natural and the social, it then concludes with the work of Charles and James Atkinson, exploring how comedic writing could present medical practitioners as men of wit and literary imagination, at ease with the droll discourse of men and manners. Alexander Hunter: gentleman and scholar In 1774 Alexander Hunter was proposed a member of the

in Performing medicine
The sanitary control of Muslim pilgrims from the Balkans, 1830–1914

scarcity of information on the medical control of Muslim pilgrims from the Balkans. In the end, medical control of pilgrims, no matter what part of the ArabIslamic world they came from, seemed to be limited to the Hejaz itself and to a handful of large Egyptian and Ottoman ports. However, both the political situation in southeast Europe and the international sanitary policies addressing Muslim pilgrims would change by the end of the 1870s. With regard to the former, armed insurrections of the Christian population of the Balkans against Ottoman rule, a local war of the

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Abstract only
Women in the Vietnam War

Vietnam War, since it is through that community that they claim their legitimacy as war veterans, and by extension the trauma that they suffered in caring for the wounded and sick. But their writing does not focus only on the physical and emotional suffering engendered by war. It extends the narrative to include the politics of the war and its legacy:  both nurse and combatant are depicted as victims of a meaningless war and of the malign American policies that sent them there, and as victims of the anti-war response that greeted them on their return home. Further, the

in Working in a world of hurt

in his journal. ‘I need scarcely remark’, Dunn continued, that ‘the motion of the ship only tended to hasten the final event.’ 34 By no means all surgeons believed that a voyage could cure, yet Michael Duffy and invalids like him alert us to a key theme that runs through Health, medicine, and the sea : political expediency and motives of defensive self-interest always shaped how surgeons accounted for their medical decisions. Naval surgeons only received their pay after they had safely landed an acceptable number of convicts in good

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Hajj, cholera and Spanish–Moroccan regeneration, 1890–99

-day state of Mogador Island. quarantined. The leading role of international health bodies and foreign doctors in this process has led to the belief that this was solely a consequence of European imperialism. Thus, Michael C. Low has argued that the real or perceived political and sanitary risks Europeans attached to the Hajj merged in a pathologising narrative of ‘twin infection’ by PanIslamism and epidemics which stood behind Europe’s mounting intervention in Islamic countries in that period.5 Actually, we think this narrative was also appropriated by local Islamic

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Faecal references in eighteenth-century French théâtre de société

are some of the performance-related questions associated with this type of theatre. Yet another question remains to be answered: what is the meaning of this emphasis on the ‘low’ body? Do faecal references and the performance of defecation merely have a burlesque function? I do not think so. Instead, I will show in this chapter that the faecal motif was part of an aesthetic, or even sometimes political, contestation. A pleasure for the cultured The first thing to bear in mind is that above all else, eighteenthcentury théâtre de société audiences were theatre lovers

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Suriname and the Netherlands, 1863– 1890

disease detection. Leprosy politics were no longer intimately connected with slave labour management. Although the fear of leprosy was still alive among the Dutch in the decade before emancipation, 1853–​1863, the number of leprosy examinations and ‘convictions’ by the Committee of Investigations, admissions to Batavia, and the asylum population had all sharply diminished. Slave owners who hoped for financial compensation after emancipation had been reluctant to report slaves with leprosy to the Committee. After emancipation, the downward trend in these numbers

in Leprosy and colonialism
Narratives of asylum nurses and attendants, 1910-22

political turmoil. Mick Carpenter suggests that within the asylums there were ‘stirrings of reform happening within a rigid system as part of a broader social reform in the post war period’.7 David Boje argues that, during periods of cultural transition, the organising narrative of a society’s institutions are no longer clearly defined or enforced.8 Challenges occur, causing attempts at redefinition of the organising structure. It was arguably this cultural transition that resulted in the post-war asylum disputes, producing a discourse of blame that swept through

in Mental health nursing