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neighbouring forces, and lacking Britain’s near-monopoly of cable routes) pursued it in this period.18 In the 1920s only Lancashire and the West Riding used long-distance radio operationally, to link stations which were not joined up to the force’s telephone system: the latter abandoned wireless when those stations were connected to landlines.19 Lancashire’s system was based around communication between fixed points, for use in emergencies, and their wireless vans only operated when stationary. In the mid-1920s the Home Office was unwilling to push for any kind of national

in Police control systems in Britain, 1775–1975

, for example, that housebuilding would start from roads adjacent to a new arterial road, in a similar manner to those provoked by the introduction of a new railway station. This analysis shows that the earliest new housing developments occurred, in some cases, at the furthest distance to the railway station and very near to the arterial road. This conclusion is in marked contrast to most readings of the relationships between suburban development and transport, where a new rail link is seen as the exclusive catalyst for the building of housing estates.30 Housebuilders

in The experience of suburban modernity
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The families of craft, clerical and service workers

at Walton. Milford and Brocton became a much busier place when the passenger station opened in 1877.104 The locality was, and remains, a favourite local beauty spot, and hoards of people came on the train from Stafford, Rugeley and elsewhere. Henry’s work at Milford signal box was hard, particularly for a man with one arm and now in his middle age. It was shiftwork and this was a very busy stretch of railway. Until an overbridge was built in 1877 he also had to open and close the level-crossing gates on the local road.105 Henry and Ann Giltrap had seven children

in Divergent paths
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Refugees in Russia, 1914-18

-villages were unable to find a berth because the train was overcrowded and crowds of refugees had already been waiting for their turn for more than two weeks. When he decided to take a cart to the station at Baranovichi station, he described seeing ‘so many people that you couldn’t squeeze between them’. The same was true of Bobruisk. People could only board the train in Roslavl, which lay in Smolensk province.21 The numbers only began to abate in October 1915, as a result of improvement in the operation of the Russian railways. Some of the challenges emerge in the personal

in Europe on the move

exhume this hidden rationale of colonial governance: Secunderabad, we are told, is a railway hub and a garrison town, and key episodes take place in or around railway stations. Ghosh’s work suggests that tragically the legacy of colonial governmentality continues in the rationale of the post-colonial state. It is therefore no coincidence that his critique of colonial and post-colonial governmentality focuses on elusive identities, or moments when identity becomes a problem for the state. The narrator of In an Antique Land discovers that his identity is suspect in the

in Amitav Ghosh
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most amusing and instructive Exhibitions now before the public … every one of our juvenile friends ought in particular to see it, as it is very instructive for youth’.18 For those who did not attend the Railway Exhibition, or who wished to retain a souvenir of the experience, E. Colyer published a Descriptive Catalogue for the price of one shilling.19 This paperback publication includes a reproduction of the padorama itself and a series of views of the most significant sights to be seen (see Figure 21). Scenes depicted included Water Street Station, Manchester and

in Beyond the metropolis
French filmmaking in the suburbs, 1896–1920

large wrought-iron letter ‘R’, for Romainville, but usually the generic urban space seen in these films comes with no labels attached and features no landmarks. If a railway station is seen, care is taken not to show its name. In Zigoto et l’affaire du collier (Gaumont, 1911) the unnamed station is at Villemomble; narrative logic suggests it is somewhere near the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris. This same suburban station appears the same year in La Tare (Gaumont, 1911), but there it is supposed to be in the South of France. In this instance, the eagle-eyed local

in Screening the Paris suburbs
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Leeds in the age of great cities

: footware and clothing. In common with its commercial tradition and history, Leeds had well-developed legal, financial and business services, including the only provincial stock exchange. Transport links were improved still further with the coming of the railways and Leeds was served by three stations: Leeds New, Central and Wellington Street. The railways altered the fabric of the city centre, not only through the building of stations but also through embankments and viaducts which altered the skyline. In terms of the growth of the Jewish community, the building of the

in Leeds and its Jewish Community

disagreed openly on most matters.48 As a result of these delays Emile pressured Magne into accepting a lowering of tariffs on iron imports, a significant step in itself towards liberalising trade with Britain.49 Eventually, however, after the opening in 1855 of the Bordeaux railway station, Saint-Jean, inauguration of the line to Bayonne took place the following year. The Midi was not their only rail venture in these early years. The PSG and the Paris–Versailles (Rive Droite) together became the cornerstone of a much larger concern which ultimately, in 1855, through

in Emile and Isaac Pereire
The sanitary control of Muslim pilgrims from the Balkans, 1830–1914

to stop at the quarantine of Hebibchevo in order to drop the hajjis and their luggage; 4) Bosnian hajjis are only allowed when in transit, that is, they are not allowed to leave the train or to communicate in any way with the local population of the railway stations from which the train passes on its way through Bulgaria.47 And what is more, these measures were retained even after the plague in Egypt was officially brought under control, at least for the time being.48 Consequently, during the eleventh ISC held some months later in Paris, the Ottoman Empire

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914