Society, I, Canberra, 1970, pp. 122, 144; G. W. Martin,
Episodes of Old Canberra, London, 1978; F. Henriques,
Children of Caliban: Miscegenation, London, 1974.
W. M. Freund, ‘Race in social structure of
South Africa, 1652-1836’, Race and Class, XVIII, 1976,
pp. 53-67; R. Ross, Adam Kok’s Griquas, Cambridge
Invisibility and erasure in The Two Merry Milkmaids
III.ii.58SD and n. 58SD, and Shakespeare, The Tempest , ed.
Vaughan and Vaughan 1.2.303, n. 303.
See Michael Baird Saenger, ‘The Costumes
of Caliban and Ariel qua Sea-Nymph’, Notes and
Queries , 42 ( 1995 ), 334–6; Gabriel
Egan expands and supports Saenger’s original suggestion that
Julia Lupton, Citizen-Saints: Shakespeare and
Political Theology (Chicago: Chicago University Press,
2005), p. 164; an earlier version appeared as ‘Creature
Caliban’, Shakespeare Quarterly , 51 (2000),
Ibid., p. 161
McFarland’s view of Shakespeare depended on the interaction
between a charismatic trainer and a receptive individual but it was also
facilitated by the long-standing critical tradition that had read The
Tempest as an allegory of ‘power’ presenting
Caliban as the source of resistance to unauthorised and violent colonial
power. Hounded by dogs that recall
those that Ariel conjures up in The Tempest to bait the would-be
usurping trio of Trinculo, Stephano and Caliban, the stag is killed
in a tempestuous finale.32 Foresters command the audiences, both
on stage and off, to ‘[s]ee the Stag’s head which so did spread his
bream / The small trees did seem to envy him’. 33 The antlers of the
dead stag are a political and theatrical trophy. Envied by the small
trees, the ten-branched antlers form a puny contrast to the emblem
of Charles II as the Royal Oak.34 The Rivals creates a version of
Frantz Fanon and the Black-Jewish imaginary
McCulloch, J. (1983) Black Soul, White Artifact: Fanon’s Clinical Psychology and
Social Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Macey, D. (2000) Frantz Fanon: A Life, London: Granta
Mannoni, O. (1950) Psychologie de la colonisation, Paris: Seuil (Prospero and
Caliban: the Psychology of Colonisation, trans. P. Powesland, London:
Marriott, D. (2000) On Black Men, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Nochlin, L. and Garb, T. (eds) (1995) The Jew in the Text
35 M. Penn, Manchester, Fourteen Miles (Firle: Caliban Books, 1979), 5–9;
Murdoch, Imagined Orphans, pp. 67–119; Keating, Child, pp. 6–18;
E. Walker, ‘Adoption, narrative, and nation, 1800–1850: The case of
William Austin’, Journal of British History 53:4 (2014), 960–91. See
also Berrow’s Worcester Journal (8 January 1885), p. 3.
36 The Times (15 December 1892), p. 11; (19 December 1892), p. 12 (for
quote); (28 December 1892), p. 11; (14 January 1893), p. 13; Western
Mail (16 December 1892), p. 7; (20 December 1892), p. 5; POBO, 9
January 1893, Case
at The Bungalow he
decided to hide it away in his safe; but as the safe was too small, he roughly
cut out the head of the portrait and stuffed that inside instead – a sort of
psychological suicide, Harley Williams called it, the rage of Caliban at being
confronted with his true self. The story goes that Lever’s housekeeper then
mistakenly returned the packing case with decapitated portrait to John, who,
understandably, took it to be ‘the grossest insult I have ever received in the
course of my career.’
Lever apologized profusely, but John still took the story to
. Shuttleton, Smallpox and the Literary Imagination 1660–1820
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007); S. Williamson, The
Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination
for Smallpox (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007); P. Razzell, The
Conquest of Smallpox: The Impact of Inoculation on Smallpox Mortality in
Eighteenth Century Britain (Firle: Caliban Books, 1977). For a recent argument that the purpose of inoculation was not to eliminate smallpox but to
ameliorate the symptoms of an inevitable disease see A. Eriksen, ‘Cure or
Cricket in the West Riding of Yorkshire
(Huddersfield, Cricket Heritage Publications, 2008).
Bell’s Life, 22 Aug 1841.
Bell’s Life, 5 Sep 1841.
The Era, 30 Jul 1843.
The Era, 30 Jul 1843.
See D. Brailsford, Sport, Time and Society: British at Play (London, Routledge, 1991), p. 14.
See J. Lawson, Progress in Pudsey (Sussex, Caliban Books, 1978 (first published 1887)),
See Rev. R.S. Holmes, The History of Yorkshire County Cricket 1833–1903 (London, Archibald
Constable and Co., 1904), p. 11.
See Sheffield Independent, 2 Sep 1826.
See Halifax Guardian and