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European integration as a system of conflict resolution in the Franco-German relationship (1950–63)

in Adenauer’s support for the Treaty. US and UK support for German rearmament led Adenauer to believe that German political and security needs in 1950 would be better served through an agreement on Western European defence rather than the ECSC Treaty (Schwabe 2004: 101). In contrast, France developed a linkage between the ECSC and Germany’s participation in a Western European defence. It was in this

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution

its German counterpart, which is hampered by reactive (rather than the UK’s active) information sharing. Despite these critical comparative remarks about Germany, it is very important to keep in mind that these complex policy-making circumstances obtain on non-EU policy as well, so politicians and officials are very familiar with the routines. As in the UK and France, the requirements of engagement with the EU policy process have been translated into the German pattern of governance. A second observation is necessary: the main German political parties and other key

in The Europeanisation of Whitehall

actively encouraging and supporting this artistic freedom, meaning that the bulk of the cultural infrastructure is under the public-law sponsorship of the cities and the Länder. ‘Partly as a prophylactic response of the Allied occupying forces and the post-war German political class to the centralised “total” cultural policy of the Nazis, and partly as a return to the historically constituted distinct political identity of the regional states’, Germany’s federalism is 2997 The European Union and culture 26/2/07 09:31 Conflicting models of policy intervention Page 29

in The European Union and culture

early English guilds.20 He was particularly indebted to an essay, ‘On the history and development of gilds, and the origin of trade unions’, contributed to the volume by the German political economist Lujo Brentano, based on extensive research undertaken by the latter in Britain in 1868–69. Brentano was a widely acknowledged writer on trade unionism, in both Britain and Germany, and is an author in whom there has been a revival 20 [Joshua] Toulmin Smith (ed.), English Gilds. The Original Ordinances of more than One hundred Early English Gilds … from Original MSS

in Labour and working-class lives
Open Access (free)

accountability to the elected representatives of the people. The French believe the state reflects the ‘general will’ of the people. The state is closely linked to the identity of the people and reflects their interests. It is part of the people and contributes to national identity. It must not oppress the rights of the people. German political tradition maintains that the state reflects the people as the nation

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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The informers

. The Club’s inaugural meeting had taken place on 27 September 1942, with Lehmann-Russbueldt in the Chair.35 It was clearly of interest to British intelligence since, apart from the watchful ‘Ri’, ‘a number of British officers were present’, so a Ministry of Information report recorded.36 Otto Lehmann-Russbueldt was unusually well connected, both among the German political émigrés and in British pacifist circles, and his information gathering was undoubtedly facilitated by his reputation within the German exile community. The British Security Service, too, had a

in A matter of intelligence
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Brighter European–Muslim–Jewish futures?

conduct during the Holocaust has led to far greater absorption of Jews than ever before. As a result, Jews feel ‘great’ in most of the continent, particularly in Berlin. The Israeli political scientist Shlomo Avineri explains: Israelis in particular, Jews in general, enjoy privileges and immunity in Germany; this behaviour stems from the German guilty conscience pertaining to the Holocaust. Whatever thoughts the Germans have concerning Israelis, seldom will they express them out loud. In line with German political correctness, it is forbidden (verboten) to criticize

in Haunted presents
Campaign effects in 2016

elections’, German Politics. 21: 299–316.

in The post-crisis Irish voter

voting behaviour: Evidence from Germany’, Political Psychology. 28: 471–98. Seltzer, R., J. Newman and M. V. Leighton. 1997. Sex as a Political Variable: Women as Candidates and Voters in US Elections. New York: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Smith, J. L., D. Paul and R. Paul. 2007. ‘No place for a woman: Evidence for gender bias in evaluations of presidential candidates’, Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 29: 225–33. Squire, P. 1992. ‘Legislative professionalization and membership diversity in state legislatures’, Legislative Studies Quarterly. 17: 69–79. Van Dunk, E

in The post-crisis Irish voter
Leader effects in the 2016 election

University Press. Blais, A., and A. M. L. Perrella. 2008. ‘Systematic effects of televised candidates’ debates’, International Journal of Press/Politics. 13: 451–64. Brettschneider, F., K. Neller and C. Anderson. 2006. ‘Candidate images in the 2005 German national election’, German Politics. 15: 481–99. Clarke, H. D., P. Kellner, M. Stewart and P. Whiteley. 2016. Austerity and Political Choice in Britain. London: Palgrave. Clarke, H. D., D. Sanders, M. Stewart and P. Whiteley. 2004. Political Choice in Britain. New York: Oxford University Press. Collins, S. 2013. ‘Joan

in The post-crisis Irish voter