Piero Garofalo, Elizabeth Leake and Dana Renga

Williams, ‘too late’ and ‘the quest for connection is always tinged with melancholy’. Williams borrows from Franco Moretti to argue that the tears so common to the melodramatic mode come when the characters finally realise what the audience knew all along, and when their desire is ‘recognized as futile’.28 Mourning for Pavese’s lost love (if only he had arrived one day earlier!) takes precedence over the experience of internal exile, which for him, the documentary implies, was fruitful in both politics and prose. Prima che il gallo canti, the only feature film made on

in Internal exile in Fascist Italy
Samuel Daniel and the naturalisation of Italian literary forms
Jason Lawrence

Greg, Pastoral Poetry , p. 254. 149 Proctor argues that Hymens Triumph is ‘more independent of its models’ than the earlier pastoral: Johanna Proctor, ‘ The Queen’s Arcadia and Hymen’s Triumph: Samuel Daniel’s court pastoral plays’ in J. Salmons and W. Moretti, eds, The Renaissance in

in ‘Who the devil taught thee so much Italian?’
Trevor Dean

One of the key elements of Philip Jones' interpretation of late medieval Italy is the importance attached to the feudal nobility and its chivalric values. This chapter deals with social groups and social tensions in Italy: popolo against magnates, noble clans against each another, men against women, young men against city elders, Christians against Jews, freemen against slaves, food riots and tax revolts, acts of resistance and indecency. Franco Cardini has argued that there were three major elements of noble lifestyle in Italy during the communal period: knighthood, towers and vendetta. The chapter focuses on these three elements. Although worker unrest is evident in Italian towns from the late thirteenth century, the second half of the fourteenth century saw a rash of working-class revolts, the most famous being that of the Ciompi in Florence has become the 'archetype' of worker insurrections.

in The towns of Italy in the later Middle Ages
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

This section provides, in the style of a dictionary, explanations of significant political events, groupings and developments.

in The politics today companion to West European Politics