Abstract only

1 1 Introduction Knowledge, they say, is power. One manifestation of the power of the Catholic Church within the independent Irish state in the middle decades of the twentieth century was the virtual monopoly its clergy and the educational institutions under their control possessed over the discipline of sociology.The first university posts in this discipline were filled in 1937, the year in which the voters of the twenty-​six-​county state ratified a new constitution that blended Anglo-​American liberal democratic norms with distinctive new provisions

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Abstract only
The empirical turn of Irish Catholic sociology in the 1950s

Peter McKevitt resigned from his post in Maynooth to become parish priest of Termonfeckin. While the bishops had decided to shelve his 1939 proposals for the initiation of a Scheme of Catholic Action for Ireland, McKevitt on his return from Rome ‘threw himself into the activities of the Christus Rex Society as well as teaching the social encyclicals of the church to students preparing to become priests’ (B. Conway 2011:  42). Created in 1941, and formally approved by the hierarchy in 1945, the Christus Rex Society restricted its membership to diocesan clergy and

in Church, state and social science in Ireland

failed in its positive goal of bringing a vocationalist Irish social infrastructure into being. Moreover the Irish Catholic Church was divided during the early decades of Irish independent statehood by critiques of banking and finance capital formulated within this movement and ecclesiastical disciplinary mechanisms were invoked to hierarchically silence some of its radical voices. During the Second World War/​Emergency changes in the wider world and developments within Irish politics provided Ireland’s Catholic social movement with an alternative focus around which it

in Church, state and social science in Ireland

World War Throughout the Second World War southern Ireland pursued a policy of neutrality that enjoyed broad popular support but exposed a small state to intense 106 106 Church, state and social science in Ireland pressure from Great Power belligerents. Its economy was severely disrupted during these years by an inability to import fuel, agricultural inputs and industrial raw materials. This situation was exacerbated by Britain’s ‘fitful efforts to use control of supplies as a lever to secure Irish concessions on strategic questions’ (O’Halpin 2002:  300)  –​a

in Church, state and social science in Ireland

factors, affecting productivity in Irish industry and agriculture’.1 During the first half 1960s the unenclosed field of social research was to be the subject of a series of proposals to a variety of government departments for the creation of research centres or institutes. The chapter details these proposals, the fate they met and the context in which the Irish government moved to fill the infrastructural gap that had been left in the social research field by replacing ERI 140 140 Church, state and social science in Ireland with an economic and social research

in Church, state and social science in Ireland

Age Pensions (also over £10 million per annum). It is not unnatural therefore that the bulk of expenditure in this country should be met out of general taxation. Great Britain, on the other hand, being a highly industrialised country, has opted for comprehensive compulsory social insurance.1 174 174 Church, state and social science in Ireland Total central state expenditure on social welfare in 1964–​65 was close to £34 million. The cost to the state of the social insurance fund to which employers and employees also contributed came to almost another £10

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Open Access (free)
James Baldwin and the Broken Silences of Black Queer Men

James Baldwin writes within and against the testimonial tradition emerging from the Black Church, challenging the institution’s refusal to acknowledge the voices and experiences of black queer men. Baldwin’s autobiographical novel, Go Tell It on the Mountain, creates a space for Baldwin’s testimony to be expressed, and also lays the foundation for a tradition of black queer artists to follow. In the contemporary moment, poet Danez Smith inhabits Baldwin’s legacy, offering continuing critiques of the rigidity of conservative Christian ideologies, while publishing and performing poetry that gives voice to their own experiences, and those of the black queer community at large. These testimonies ultimately function as a means of rhetorical resistance, which not only articulates black queer lives and identities, but affirms them.  

James Baldwin Review

-relativism? And if not, on what grounds can we situate it? The response to these questions lies in the kind of gathering or community which the Church represents to the French and English Catholic writers, and in how they reacted to, and portrayed, its organisation and internal life. Here we can once more refer to Charles Taylor’s analysis of secularisation in which the model of the buffered individual poses two problems for religion when it is considered corporately. The first is that the buffered individual’s mind-centred view of reality tends to

in Catholic literature and secularisation in France and England, 1880–1914
C. E. Beneš

name of Peter Leone, whom they called Anacletus; to this Anacletus the Roman people also devoted its favour and assistance. 7 This Anacletus pillaged the entire treasury of the church and distributed it to his supporters, and on account of his influence the aforesaid Innocent was unable to stay in the City, so he was rowed in Genoese galleys to Genoa in the year of the Lord 1130. Now, this Pope Innocent had

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
Adapting the metaphor of psychopathology to look back at the mad, monstrous 80s

Love is hard to find/In the church of the poison mind. Culture Club This chapter examines American Psycho (2000) and Donnie Darko (2001), two films that look back at aspects of the American experience in the 1980s. These titles represent only two out of a larger series of recent ‘Monstrous 80s’ films

in Monstrous adaptations