At war in Vietnam

. Emphasising the bi-​national commitment and the value attached to the renewal of the existing educational exchange relationship matched the government’s declaration of shared foreign policy goals and its cultivation of the US alliance. As the minister for External Affairs in that government, Paul Hasluck fervently espoused the Domino Theory, and was a keen supporter, even urger, of military intervention in Vietnam.5 On 7 August, just weeks before the signing of the new agreement, the US Congress had passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which effectively gave President

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies

The dynamic processes of knowledge production in archaeology and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences are increasingly viewed within the context of negotiation, cooperation and exchange, as the collaborative effort of groups, clusters and communities of scholars. Shifting focus from the individual scholar to the wider social contexts of her work, this volume investigates the importance of informal networks and conversation in the creation of knowledge about the past, and takes a closer look at the dynamic interaction and exchange that takes place between individuals, groups and clusters of scholars in the wider social settings of scientific work. Various aspects of and mechanisms at work behind the interaction and exchange that takes place between the individual scholar and her community, and the creative processes that such encounters trigger, are critically examined in eleven chapters which draw on a wide spectrum of examples from Europe and North America: from early modern antiquarians to archaeological societies and practitioners at work during the formative years of the modern archaeological disciplines and more recent examples from the twentieth century. The individual chapters engage with theoretical approaches to scientific creativity, knowledge production and interaction such as sociology and geographies of science, and actor-network theory (ANT) in their examination of individual–collective interplay. The book caters to readers both from within and outside the archaeological disciplines; primarily intended for researchers, teachers and students in archaeology, anthropology, classics and the history of science, it will also be of interest to the general reader.

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Chapter 4 Betting in the dark Instead of offering some protection against the uncertainties of life, money has itself become the cause of new uncertainties. Not only is there uncertainty over the duration of the world depression, we do not know when or if inflation will ever return. We can only guess what will be the divergence in the exchange rates between the dollar and other currencies. Oil prices in 1990 are anyone’s bet. At a time when the most secure jobs are apt suddenly to vanish and still more people are made redundant, the capacity of the monetary

in Casino Capitalism

for the Rome Treaty of 1957, which set up the European Economic Community (EEC) and anticipated the creation of a common market that transcended political frontiers among the founding Six – France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Behind all the European rhetoric was an exchange of concessions – by the French to the Germans, and by the Germans to the French. France agreed progressively to open its market to German manufactures, Germany progressively to allow French farm products to compete in the German market, while both agreed to develop a

in Mad Money

Chapter 5 Wall Street and other casinos History and the media between them have spread the idea far and wide that Wall Street – or perhaps stock exchanges generally – are the weakest point in the international financial system. If there is going to be trouble in the world market economy, that is where it will start. Whether this is a correct reading of history and the right conclusion to draw from more recent developments is the question that will be examined in this chapter. What is abundantly clear is that opinions on this question vary widely. At one extreme

in Mad Money
The impact of Paris Université Club’s US tours and the individual in sports diplomacy

ways that policy speeches or press accounts cannot convey. Interactions with private individuals can be potent tools, a window into a society, an up-close personal exchange of ideas that can cut through officially disseminated information. The PUC tours were thus sterling examples of the merits of sports exchanges as elements of diplomacy, even though they were not government-sponsored or even public–private partnerships. Rather, Feinberg’s organisation proved the power of the individual, what Giles Scott-Smith calls the ‘new diplomacy’, in which private citizens can

in Sport and diplomacy

Husserl’s instigation, in Paris in 1935. They began a correspondence in 1939 which continued until Schutz’s death. The text of this correspondence will be used to contextualize the publications of both men in the period from 1940 to 1960, but its formal significance needs to be highlighted. The first point to emphasize is that the correspondence was conducted in German throughout the period. The second point is that the exchange contains very little information about the attitudes and feelings of the correspondents in relation to American society and politics. They both

in The Bourdieu paradigm
Leverage and deconstruction

This book explores key critical debates in the humanities in recent times in the context of the legitimation crisis widely felt to be facing academic institutions, using Derrida's idea of leverage in the university. In particular, it concerns an account for the malaise in the university by linking critical developments, discourses and debates in the modern humanities to a problem of the institution itself. The book finds within these discourses and debates the very dimensions of the institution's predicament: economic, political, ideological, but also, inseparably, intellectual. It looks at some of the recurring themes arising in the early key texts of new historicism and cultural materialism. The book also argues that these approaches in a number of ways orient their critical strategies according to certain kinds of logics and structures of reflection. It instances disorientation and leverage in the university by exploring the problematic doubleness of economics as indeterminately both inside and outside contemporary cultural theory. The book also argues that the interdisciplinary approach of cultural analysis has a certain amount of difficulty positioning economics as either simply an outside or an inside. The orientation and leverage within the university apparently offered by the development of cultural studies and by certain forms of interdisciplinarity comes at the cost of an irresolvable disorientation between the object and the activity of criticism.

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The hybridisation of contracting

consensual exchange relationship between two legal subjects to which the judge grants legal force as long as the nudum pactum can at least be endowed with a causa . 2 Within the dynamics of social fragmentation, where one and the same contract appears as the simultaneous expression of different and divergent rationalities, the old two-person relationship of the contract has metamorphosed into a

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
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Off in the sense that individual characters’ voices, perspectives and spoken expressions are continuously analysed, judged and moved between. The flexibility and heteroglossic nature of socially typifying language and its appropriateness (or not) in the corporate world is highlighted in 1:1 in an exchange between the boss of the textile company, Mack, and his personal assistant, Trudy (Lesley Sharpe). In a glass-fronted office positioned above the factory floor, Mack and Trudy have the following exchange: Mack: Tell him he’s a tight-fisted prick and tell him, from

in Paul Abbott