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methodological engagement with the mental and social dynamics of remembering by practitioners of the emerging discipline of oral history, the drive among cultural and social historians to explore the workings and the interactions of orality and literacy, the interest of cultural and intellectual 2 HISTORY AND MEMORY historians in the representation of the past as a vital feature of political and religious ideologies, the (loosely-speaking) postmodernist emphasis on the mental construction both of reality and of subjectivity, the efforts of modern and contemporary

in History and memory
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Makers of History161 7 Makers of History Serious historians care for coins and weapons, Not those re-iterations of one self-importance By whom they date them, Knowing that clerks could soon compose a model As manly as any of whom schoolmasters tell Their yawning pupils, With might-be maps of might-have-been campaigns, Showing in colour the obediences Before and after, Quotes from four-letter pep-talks to the troops And polysyllabic reasons to a Senate For breaking treaties. Simple to add how Greatness, incognito, Admired plain-spoken comment on itself By

in Poetry for historians
Open Access (free)
Conversations about the past in Restoration and eighteenth-century England

6 Chapter 4 The spoken word Speaking of history Speaking of history: conversations about the past in Restoration and eighteenth-century England Daniel Woolf F or the past two or three centuries we have become rather used to thinking of history as something found in books. Just as we ourselves are trained to read and criticize documents, and to take these as the basis of all historical knowledge, so we tell our students which books to go off and read, what ‘authorities’ to rely on, which journals to consult, and so on. The advent of the Internet has changed

in The spoken word
English county historical societies since the nineteenth century

2 Local history enthusiasts: English county historical societies since the nineteenth century Alan Kidd Today almost anyone who is seriously interested in the history of his or her local community would soon become aware of the numerous and varied societies, clubs and groups devoted to the study of our communal pasts. These historical societies with their programmes of lectures and activities, their newsletters and journals, constitute a rarely acknowledged dimension of civil society and an understudied element in the national cultures of history.1 This chapter

in People, places and identities
New Zealand is putting her historical house in order’

, with history and tradition earlier assuming little importance as commemorations tended to focus on the past not as a marker of cultural tradition or public remembrance but as a yardstick of progress and change. While 26 January had been observed as Foundation Day or Anniversary Day in Australia since 1791, for example, and the first ‘official’ commemoration of the day was gazetted in 1818, celebrations

in History, heritage, and colonialism
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manufacture of a national consciousness, or to strain ourselves … to create a ‘nationalism’ out of the broken fragments of tradition, out of the ruins of a tragic past … Our history is here and active, giving meaning to the present. Herbert Butterfield, The Englishman and His History , 1944

in History, heritage, and colonialism
Nursing older people in British hospitals, 1945–80

-driven culture may be a recent phenomenon, poor leadership, especially in the care of older people is not. Both Mark Hayter and I  have warned of the dangers of ‘knee-jerk’ reactions to the report.3 An exploration of the history of older adult care in the United Kingdom can illuminate some of the presenting challenges in caring for this vulnerable group of patients. While the Mid-Staffordshire inquiry was not specifically about the care of older patients, by raising the spectre of poor care among other populations 82 A poverty of leadership of patients, the lack of interest

in Histories of nursing practice
Nurses and ECT in Dutch psychiatry, 1940–2010

6 Beyond the cuckoo’s nest: Nurses and ECT in Dutch psychiatry, 1940–2010 Geertje Boschma1 Introduction This chapter analyses the history of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) from the point of view of nurses in the context of Dutch psychiatry from 1940 to 2010. After a period of dwindling use and much controversy over ECT in the late 1970s and 1980s, its application has increased again in the Netherlands over the last twenty-five years. During this time the general hospital gradually became the dominant environment for ECT whilst nursing obtained a central and

in Histories of nursing practice
Legal history and the recognition of Aboriginal customary law

understandings of legal history. Courts have recently affirmed that the law of Aboriginal rights is, and was, an ‘intersocietal law’, embracing norms derived from both native and settler systems, and from the customary practices that regulated their early relationships. 1 Present legal constructions of the initial contact between the common law and Aboriginal customary law must

in Law, history, colonialism
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The social and the sexual in interwar Britain

Doan’s recent work, particularly the challenging reading of historiographies of sexuality developed in her Disturbing Practices: History, Sexuality, and Women’s Experience of Modern War. Doan’s starting point is Lee Edelman’s claim that ‘Queerness can never define an identity: it can only disturb one’. Building on this proposition, she foregrounds the analytic distinction between ‘queerness-­as-­ being’ and ‘queerness-­as-­method’ to sketch out the possibilities of a ‘critical queer history of sexuality’ in reorienting our understanding of past subjectivities and

in British queer history