A British radical in tumultuous times

9 Charlie Chaplin’s war: a British radical in tumultuous times Richard Carr Foreshadowing the Beatles, during the First World War the actor, director and film impresario Charlie Chaplin would have been justified to claim that he was ‘bigger than Jesus’. This was demonstrably true in Chaplin’s homeland of Great Britain where the wartime cinema going audience of up to 20 million people dwarfed the 2 million or so observant souls then taking Anglican Communion.1 God may not quite have been dead, but people were certainly turning to other, more amusing forms of

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War

14 PATTERNS OF POPULAR RESISTANCE AND THE CROFTERS’ WAR, 1790–1886 I To many contemporary observers and some later historians one of the most perplexing and puzzling questions of the Highland clearances was the failure of the people to show more active resistance to landlord policies. The economic transformation had caused social havoc, enormous displacement of populations and the destruction of an ancient way of life, yet, the people had apparently remained quiet and accepted their fate. It became common to contrast the violent truculence of the Irish and their

in Clanship to crofters’ war
The Syrian campaign and Free French administration in the Levant, 1941–45

In war, there are problems that one can evade only so long as the enemy does not raise them. The Levant problem was one such. [Georges Catroux 1 ] France and the Levant Premier

in The French empire at war 1940–45
Opportunity or exile?

Emigration from Scotland has always been very high. However, emigration from Scotland between the wars surpassed all records; more people emigrated than were born, leading to an overall population decline. This book examines emigration in the years between the two world wars of the twentieth century. Although personal persuasion remained the key factor in stimulating emigration, professional and semi-professional agents also played a vital part in generating and directing the exodus between the wars. Throughout and beyond the nineteenth century Scottish emigration was, in the public mind and public print, largely synonymous with an unwilling exodus from the highlands and islands. The book investigates the extent to which attitudes towards state-aided colonization from the highlands in the 1920s were shaped by the earlier experiences of highlanders and governments alike. It lays particular emphasis on changing and continuing perceptions of overseas settlement, the influence of agents and disparities between expectations and experiences. The book presents a survey of the exodus from lowland Scotland's fishing, farming and urbanindustrial communities that evaluates the validity of negative claims about the emigrants' motives vis-a-vis the well-publicized inducements offered through both official and informal channels. It scrutinizes the emigrants' expectations and experiences of continuity and change against the backdrop of over a century of large-scale emigration and, more specifically, of new initiatives spawned by the Empire Settlement Act. Barnardo's Homes was the first organization to resume migration work after the war, and the Canadian government supervision was extended from poor-law children to all unaccompanied juvenile migrants.

The legacy of the First World War In the imperial history of inter-war France, memories of the First World War should figure large. The experience of the Great War shaped interwar French attitudes to empire more than any other single event. Once the western front stalemate took shape in the early autumn of 1914, it

in The French empire at war 1940–45
For Whom the Bell Tolls

Now it is necessary that we see the democratic-fascist battle as a whole and recognize that what the Loyalists were fighting for is essentially the same thing that we are. To focus too much attention on the chinks in our allies’ armour is just what our enemies might wish. Perhaps it is realistic, but it is also going to be confusing to American audiences. US Office of War Information For Whom the Bell Tolls script review, 14 October 1942 (quoted in Koppes and Black, 2000 : 71) At the height of the 2008 United States presidential campaign, the

in The war that won't die

6 The war nurse as free agent Introduction: the rewards of professional nursing In the second decade of the twentieth century, the nursing professions in both Britain and the USA had attained a level of recognition that permitted their members considerable personal and professional autonomy. During training their lives were circumscribed by the patriarchal hierarchies of early-twentieth-century hospital life; but, once they had attained the level of ‘senior probationer’, nurses exercised high levels of responsibility – often running wards and supervising junior

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Comparing Mary Macarthur and Sylvia Pankhurst

6 Living through war, waging peace: comparing Mary Macarthur and Sylvia Pankhurst Deborah Thom The First World War brought full employment and increased opportunities for women workers, a new public role matched by new recognition for political women in public life, especially those who were both socialists and feminists. Two political activists, Sylvia Pankhurst and Mary Macarthur, became more visible in wartime and demonstrate the different ways in which socialism and feminism changed and created change. The contrast between them shows some of the problems of

in Labour, British radicalism and the First World War

Chapter 2 . Government and people during the Elizabethan wars A s we have seen, the Elizabethan regime had considerable scope to mould the structures of local government such that men supportive to its aims were placed in positions of power. But this could only set the stage for the implementation of policy, when the regime had to deal with the political nation at large, a much wider and potentially less committed constituency. Even if they supported the ends to which it was directed, the work involved in running the local end of a national war effort was

in War and politics in the Elizabethan counties
Nantes and Henry III, 1574–89

Chap 5 19/6/06 9:47 am Page 117 5 Taxation, war and rebellion: Nantes and Henry III, 1574–89 In the city of Nantes, a marked feature of the reign of Charles IX after 1563 was the conscious attempt by the crown to resolve conflict and restore order through the use of legislation, judicial enforcement and the careful deployment of royal officers and agents. The creation of a municipality in the city was part of this policy. Relations between the new municipality and the crown were selfconsciously traditional; the king governed at least nominally through the

in Authority and society in Nantes during the French wars of religion, 1559–98