Abstract only
The origins of Russian documentary theatre

with a dearth of directors and theatres willing to stage the new works, gave way to what John Freedman has called ‘the myth of the collapse of modern dramatic writing’ (1997: xiv). Many late-Soviet playwrights never overcame the obstacles to becoming post-Soviet playwrights. Those who did successfully navigate the transition, such as Liudmila Petrushevskaia and Vladimir Sorokin, gained the freedom to print their previously unpublishable work, often turning their attention away from the stage and more exclusively to novels, stories, and film. As Beumers and Lipovetsky

in Witness onstage
Selling the Reagan revolution through the 1984 Olympic Games

although it ‘intentionally avoided overt lobbying effort which may have been seen as an attempt to politicise the Games and would have been counterproductive in Africa’. Through the State Department, the administration reiterated its commitment to welcome athletes from every country and, at the same time, denounced the alleged Ku Klux Klan threat as a Soviet plot. At Ueberroth’s proposal, the State Department cabled diplomatic posts and NOCs in Africa, encouraging attendance of the Olympic Games. The Department also urged Ueberroth’s staff to ‘take steps to encourage

in Sport and diplomacy
Europeanisation and language borders

of Ukraine and one used and understood by the majority of the remaining 70 per cent, is officially categorised as ‘foreign’. Far from being a unique instance of language management, this announcement should be considered in the much wider context of the implementation of new language laws and reform of the educational systems in the post-Soviet countries. Fourteen new independent countries emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, previously united by the same language, common educational space and political system often referred to as

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Abstract only
Performing memory in twenty-first-century Russia

began in 2014. In Russia, narratives about the country’s Soviet past are used for explicitly political purposes by the Putin administration, a strategy that has played an important role in the rise of Russian nationalism in the twenty-first century. The cornerstone of the Putin administration’s approach to memory politics is the glorification of Russia’s role in the Second World War or, as it is known throughout the post-Soviet space, ‘The Great Patriotic War’. As numerous scholars of the region have shown, Putin and his administration have purposefully reinscribed

in Witness onstage

vision […] the kind of post-Cold War Europe not only that we and our allies would want to see emerge, but also one in which the Soviets would recognise their own stake […].’ 50 Just how far the Soviet stake was taken into account is, however, a moot point. The American vision was, after all, premised on the decline of communist rule in Eastern Europe and the retreat of

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
The ‘Gorbachev factor’ and the collapse of the German Democratic Republic

4 ‘When your neighbour changes his wallpaper’: The ‘Gorbachev factor’ and the collapse of the German Democratic Republic Peter Grieder The ‘Gorbachev factor’ Gorbachev and the collapse of the GDR Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev became General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) on 12 March 1985.1 His subsequent policies of glasnost (‘openness’) and perestroika (‘restructuring’) aimed to rejuvenate communism but ended up destroying it. This chapter will assess the part he played in the downfall of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), also

in The 1989 Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
Propaganda and subversion, 1945–48

naming the Soviets directly, that it was ‘sad and depressing’ that some countries which had ‘suffered for great human causes’ had turned against them in the post-war period. After paying tribute to Bevin, Morrison used the speech to define British foreign policy. First and foremost, the government would promote ‘international action, through the United Nations for preference, to prevent any war in the

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51
Labour and the Soviet influence

5 Neil Kinnock’s perestroika: Labour and the Soviet influence Jonathan Davis The 1980s witnessed a fundamental restructuring of socialism as it had been understood and practised in Europe for decades. The various ideas which shaped twentieth-century left-wing ideology underwent a dramatic transformation in the face of significant new challenges, not least the rise and establishment of the New Right philosophy in the guise of Thatcherism in Britain and, more globally and in a Cold War context, Reaganism. Over time, this led to the victory of free markets and

in Labour and the left in the 1980s
Abstract only
Live television and improvised comedy in the Soviet Union, 1957–71

, libo ekspromt.… Vsio delo v tom, chto narusheno SOOTNOSHENIE.’ References V. Yu. Afyani (ed.) (1998), Ideologicheskie komissii TsK KPSS, 1958–1964: doku­ menty (Central Committee CPSU Ideological Commissions, 1958–1964: Documents). Moscow: ROSSPEN. A. Aksel’rod, M. Kandror and M. Levinton (eds) (1974), Kurs veselikh nauk (Course in the Merry Sciences). Moscow: Iskusstvo. B. Cutler (1957), ‘Soviet giveaway show takes station off air’, Washington Post and Times Herald, 1 October: A8. V. Egorov (1999), Televidenie mezhdu proshlym i budushim (Television Between Past and

in Popular television in authoritarian Europe
Open Access (free)

remarkable shift in attitudes of the Labour leadership away from socialist internationalism and towards balance-of-power politics. For these men, Labour’s internationalism was being met through the new post-war regime based on the UN and the institutions of the Bretton Woods agreement, and through Britain’s remaining global commitments. For them, international solidarity did not mean co-operating with the Soviet Union. However, for many in the rank-and-file of the party, their hopes for a post-war Labour foreign policy were based on a continuation of the wartime alliance

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1