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Community engagement and lifelong learning

In this broad sweep, Mayo explores dominant European discourses of higher education, in the contexts of different globalisations and neoliberalism, and examines its extension to a specific region. It explores alternatives in thinking and practice including those at the grassroots, also providing a situationally grounded project of university–community engagement. Signposts for further directions for higher education lifelong learning, with a social justice purpose, are provided.

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processes. First, there is a supranational and national monopolisation of political power by European political and bureaucratic agents and national executive political agents, who form strategic alliances. Second, there is the establishment of shared political institutions, such as the European Parliament, and of networks linking local, regional, national and supranational levels. These processes are accompanied by collective symbolic constructions of Europe by political groups and enterprises. I demonstrate here that in order to understand the concrete effects and

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union

historic connection to the British Conservative Party – would be less inclined to favour high public spending and extensive social welfare provision than the professedly socialist SDLP. Analysis of contemporary party political literature and archival material, however, demonstrates that this was not so. What emerges, with some minor exceptions, is a broad cross-party consensus with regard to socio-economic policy. Ideological differences between the nationalist and unionist parties on the executive do not appear to have adversely affected its ability to agree on the

in Template for peace
Executive versus legislative power

FAD7 10/17/2002 6:01 PM Page 122 7 Federalism and political asymmetry: executive versus legislative power As we have noted, political institutions are of crucial importance during transitions to democracy, and for Mainwaring, among all the choices of institutions ‘none is more important than the system of government: presidential, semipresidential, parliamentary or some hybrid’.1 There is now a general consensus in the literature that parliamentary systems are more stable than presidential ones and that it is much easier to consolidate democracy in

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia

M801 QVORTRUP TEXT MAKE-UP.qxd 5/4/07 1:42 PM Page 41 Gary Gary's G4:Users:Gary:Public:Gary Part II Empirical foundations of citizen politics Having outlined the theoretical aspects of studying politics and the history of the philosophical thinking on the subject I turn now to the empirical study of citizen politics. I do so by dividing citizen engagement into two distinct categories: • activities involving voting; and • other civic/political activities. In both cases what we seek to discern are the factors that determine political engagement and activity

in The politics of participation
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The implications of the research

nature: the asymmetric dominance of the core executive. Rather, it is the core executive that has mobilised the reconstitution of the Japanese state. By identifying the significance of the core executive in the Japanese state, this study reveals a different perspective from Vogel’s. Vogel (1996) set out the strategic nature of Japan’s telecommunications regulation and financial regulation in the 1980s and 1990s, focusing on state actors: party politicians and civil servants. His analysis highlighted Japan’s political 152  The nature of Japanese governance tradition in

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan
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Transformation, governance and the state in the Japanese context

study of the core executive and the way it has adapted is at the heart of the analytical framework of this research. It draws on the principle of concept travelling (Sartori 1970), employing the core executive approach originating from British political science. It offers a framework depicting the specific resources, alongside the fluid and changeable nature of power within the core executive based on the interdependent relationships between key central actors, that allow the core executive collectively to establish an asymmetric position of dominance over other

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan

improve the effectiveness of the House of Commons by removing the worst excesses of partisanship from the political system. The various specialist and select committee recommendations made throughout the past one hundred years aimed to enhance effectiveness by altering the way in which the ministerial responsibility convention has operated, and thus improve the capabilities of the Commons in holding the executive to account. The structured institutional context at Westminster is not predisposed to these kinds of effectiveness changes, however, because they aim to alter

in Parliamentary reform at Westminster

5 The UWC strike and its aftermath The power-sharing executive collapsed in the face of a two-week political strike organised by the Ulster Workers’ Council (UWC). The UWC opposed power-sharing and the Irish dimension. The fall of the executive has been much debated by both politicians and academics, with the literature divided between those who believe the British government could have taken firmer action to defeat the UWC, and those who claim the executive would have collapsed regardless. Michael Kerr, for example, has argued that the Labour government chose

in Template for peace

particular economic and political context of the 1970s, and intra-party debates and divisions over a combination of ideological and policy themes, produced a qualitatively different type and variations of parliamentary Labour right factional identity and behaviour than the limited leadership/ loyalist formations of the past. This was expressed in the form of two distinct but overlapping parliamentary groupings. First, an increasingly distinctive, ‘oppositional’ Jenkinsite group emerged as Labour entered opposition after 1970. As official party policy on key issues such as

in Labours old and new