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. 29. 2 Catherine E. Anderson, ‘A Zulu King in Victorian London: Race, royalty and imperialist aesthetics in late nineteenth-century Britain’, Visual Resources , 14:3 (2008), 299. 3 Jaap Van Velsen, ‘Social

in Mistress of everything
Scottish emigration in the twentieth century

During the nineteenth century Scotland had come to occupy third place in a European league table of people-exporting countries. Between the death of Queen Victoria and the outbreak of war, emigration from the British Isles as a whole was 64 per cent higher than in the previous fourteen years, but from Scotland the increase was 139 per cent. From 1907 (with the exception of one

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
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The cartographic consciousness of Irish gothic fiction

, quantitative analysis offers a particularly instructive vantage point, allowing us strikingly to visualise the geographical settings of the literary gothic. Figure 3 demonstrates that the vast majority of the works considered in this study locate their narratives primarily in the British Isles, which, for the terms of this discussion, means mainland England, as well as Wales, Ireland, and Scotland. A much smaller percentage of works feature the Catholic Continental settings – France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal – that we have come to expect from eighteenth- and nineteenth-century

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829

palpable expansion of scientific knowledge? Were Dissenters disproportionately numerous among the entrepreneurs and industrialists of the second half of the eighteenth century? Finally, is it possible to identify a characteristically Dissenter dimension of the provincial English Enlightenment? The focus is placed on the Protestant Dissenters, in particular, for good historical and historiographical reasons. Contemporaries were keenly aware of the role of Nonconformity in Georgian England, and the Dissenters themselves sedulously cultivated myths about their contributions

in Industrial Enlightenment
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An Irish editor in London and America

10 O’Brennan abroad: an Irish editor in London and America Anthony McNicholas Martin A. O’Brennan was a well-known and colourful figure in mid-nineteenth century Ireland. He was born in Ballyhaunis, Co. Mayo in 1812 and died in Chicago sixty-six years later. He was a scholar, lawyer and journalist, editing newspapers in Ireland, England and America. He edited and owned the Connaught Patriot and General Advertiser in Tuam in his native Mayo from 1859 to 1869, which folded after he had already left for the United States, having made two abortive attempts at

in Irish journalism before independence
Politics, reform and the demise of medico-gentility

be fully understood as constitutive of a much wider transformation in the cultures and politics of early nineteenth-century England. As Philip Harling has suggested, later eighteenth-century assaults on ‘Old Corruption’, The asylum revolution 105 such as those initiated by Christopher Wyvil and the Yorkshire Association, were primarily concerned with ‘economical reform’, with ridding the state of jobbery and financial inefficiency.129 Such concerns were clearly evident in Mason’s and his associates’ initial objection to Hunter’s proposed salary in the late 1780s

in Performing medicine
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Maternal welfare and child health, 1920–40

and energy was spent mapping survival via the various charities and services available. Independent Ireland drew heavily on the nineteenth-century tradition of charitable assistance to cater for the welfare of mothers and children. 4 Poor mothers had to negotiate a web of charitable organisations and voluntary welfare projects and maximise the limited state services available, in order to secure family survival.5 The contemporary desire to support mothers and their children became enmeshed in cultural concerns regarding the sanctity of the family and the role of

in Mother and child
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Lunacy and the asylum

: Tavistock, 1985), pp. 132–46. 9 J. Melling and B. Forsyth, The Politics of Madness: The State, Insanity and Society in England, 1845–1914 (London: Routledge, 2006), p. 146. 10 J. Andrews, ‘Case notes, case histories, and the patient’s experience of insanity at Gartnavel Royal Asylum, Glasgow, in the nineteenth century’, Social History of Medicine 11:2 (1998), pp. 255–81, on p. 266. Mad doctors: lunacy and the asylum 225 11 A. Shepherd, Institutionalising the Insane in Nineteenth-Century England (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2014) for a recent comparison of two

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
The Victorian cult of Alfred the Great

This book provides a broad account of the nineteenth-century cult of King Alfred. It reveals the rich cultural interest of the corpus of texts as a whole. The book redresses a misleading modern emphasis on Arthur and the Victorians, and addresses a genuine gap in the current literature on nineteenth-century medievalism. The book focuses on what was probably the apex of Victorian Alfredianism. It provides the background to this event both in terms of the wider cultural movements and in the sense of the Alfredian tradition which the nineteenth century inherited. The intersection of the cult of Alfred with nineteenth-century British politics is considered in the book, which focuses upon the role that Alfredianism played in debate about the future of the monarchy. The book speculates how the Saxon king was enlisted to vindicate and ennoble those institutions of which Victorian Britain was most proud - notably its navy, law-code, constitution and empire. It examines the conceptions of ninth-century Wessex as a time of immense cultural change - the mirror-image of the nineteenth century - and reviews Victorian appropriations of Alfred's reign as a prestigious starting point for myths of national progress. The book further focuses upon more domestic narratives - the use of Alfred, by Victorian authors, to exemplify moral values, and the rewriting of his life as a parable of error and redemption. Finally, the crucial question of Alfred's decline in fame is addressed in the book, which surveys the diminished interest in the Saxon king after 1901.

‘Our Mother’. 1 Their visit to Britain offers an insight into Māori and European encounters in the nineteenth century. Although the visit itself has been covered by a number of commentators and historians, these accounts have tended to focus on the relationship between the Māori party and their interpreter William Jenkins, including the deterioration of that relationship over

in Mistress of everything