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7 Health and disease Traditionally viewed as a developmental or a humanitarian challenge, addressing Africa’s pressing public health problems has increasingly come to be seen as a critical human security challenge for the twenty-first century. While many have criticized the securitization of health issues, the cross-cutting linkages to other political, social, and economic issues are real, and so too are the implications for security. For ultimately, if enhancing the safety and well-being of individuals and communities lies at the heart of the human security

in African security in the twenty-first century
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tragedy in Russia, or the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington on 11 September 2001 and on London on 7 July 2005. In the following chapters we consider the extent to which the domestic politics of Russia have been ‘securitised’. The securitisation of an issue occurs when a state takes measures beyond what is ‘normal’ on the grounds that a vital threat exists which demands such measures. In Russia this process of securitisation has been attempted across a range of policy areas, and terrorism is but one threat against Russia which has been cited in this regard

in Securitising Russia

is a severe lacuna because liberal internationalism has a complicated relationship with German thought and politics. When tensions between liberalism and democratisation became evident within Britain and when British imperial power declined, liberal internationalist views of less civilised societies as well as of a militarist German state involved the accentuation of their own British virtues and recollection of liberal beliefs. Liberal internationalism originated in Victorian Britain, and many Victorians much appreciated German high culture, thought and progress

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
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on behalf of city authorities, which tend to happen whenever state -sponsored events like official visits by overseas dignitaries and political summits provoke a city-wide ‘clean-up operation’. She can recover her confiscated chairs and utensils by paying a fine to ward officials, who can do little to help except issue warnings to stay off the pavement at certain hours. When Phương tried to use a police contact to ease

in Soldered states
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of representing the country and all of its people. In lecturing on ‘Lessons of the peace process’, President McAleese was informed by her personal experience when, at a formative period in her life, her home area of north Belfast was engulfed by some of the worst of the conflict, as rioting broke out in August 1969. Over the following years that area of the city had to endure more than its share of suffering. Her turning of Tip O’Neill’s celebrated phrase that ‘All politics is local’ into ‘All peace is local’ was especially apt. Although her career was to lead to

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century

13 From peace to reconciliation Foreign Minister Dermot Ahern, TD Introduction Coming as it did at a pivotal time in the political fortunes of Northern Ireland, Foreign Minister Dermot Ahern’s lecture ‘From peace to reconciliation’, on 3 April 2007, provided a unique range of insights into what had, by any reckoning, been a historic series of events. A solicitor by profession, by 2007 he was a highly experienced politician, having represented County Louth for Fianna Fail since 1987. After serving as a Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach and

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
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MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/19/2013, SPi Introduction Widely regarded as an expert in techniques of surveillance and political control, Israel has been successful in controlling a native population for a long time. Despite tremendous challenges, it has maintained a tight grip over a large Palestinian population in the territories it occupied in the 1967 War. Moreover, it has effectively contained the Palestinian minority inside its 1948 borders. Although members of the latter group were granted Israeli citizenship, through various policies, they have been

in Thorough surveillance
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is that all conflict in Africa is tribal or that “tribal conflicts are fragmenting Africa’s nations” with the unspoken acceptance that identity-related violence is simply a way of life.2 “It is Africa, after all,” so goes the common refrain. This dismissive and simpleminded view not only ignores the complex nature of African conflict, but excuses the political 36 African security in the twenty-first century and economic culpability critical to fueling and sustaining the problem of ethnic, racial, religious, sectarian, or communal violence across the continent

in African security in the twenty-first century
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A force for peace in the world

all levels, both domestic and international. The son of a politically aware family from Drumcondra in north Dublin, he entered city politics in 1978 in the Fianna Fail interest, becoming Lord Mayor in 1986. In 1977, he was elected to the Dail from the constituency of Dublin-Finglas, and subsequently, as the result of redistribution, representing Dublin Central, a testing seat with a high level of social deprivation. In 1994, he was elected leader of Fianna Fail, the political party founded by Eamon de Valera in 1926. In June 1997, he led the party to victory

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century

Asmal remembered a school teacher who evoked apartheid almost fondly, saying that at least it had held people together against a common enemy.1 The lesson of all his years of study, activism and political representation brought Asmal to the answer then, and one which he shared with his audience that February day, that, in the same vein as his host had asserted, we must find something more powerful to hold us together and that is a common future for humanity; a challenge, he concluded, we can only face together. Lecture When I was asked by Professor John Hume, Tip O

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century