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Criticisms, futures, alternatives

In the late 1990s Third Way governments were in power across Europe - and beyond, in the USA and Brazil, for instance. The Third Way experiment was one that attracted attention worldwide. The changes made by Left parties in Scandinavia, Holland, France or Italy since the late 1980s are as much part of Third Way politics as those developed in Anglo-Saxon countries. Since the early 1990s welfare reform has been at the heart of the Centre-Left's search for a new political middle way between post-war social democracy and Thatcherite Conservatism. For Tony Blair, welfare reform was key to establishing his New Labour credentials - just as it was for Bill Clinton and the New Democrats in the USA. Equality has been 'the polestar of the Left', and the redefinition of this concept by Giddens and New Labour marks a significant departure from post-war social democratic goals. The most useful way of approaching the problem of the Blair Government's 'Third Way' is to apply the term to its 'operational code': the precepts, assumptions and ideas that actually inform policy choice. The choice would be the strategy of public-private partnership (PPP) or the Private Finance Initiative (PFI), as applied to health policy. New Labour is deeply influenced by the thoughts and sentiments of Amitai Etzioni and the new communitarian movement. Repoliticisation is what stands out from all the contributions of reconstructing the Third Way along more progressive lines.

Sarah Hale
,
Will Leggett
, and
Luke Martell

Part III Community and the Third Way The idea of community forms a significant part of the positive content of the Third Way. Anthony Giddens, in his account of the Third Way, says that ‘the theme of community is fundamental to the new politics’. 1 For Amitai Etzioni, ‘cultivating communities where they exist and helping them form where they have been

in The Third Way and beyond
Continuities and contradictions underpinning Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian influence on New Labour
Simon Prideaux

Introduction Across a wide range of social commentators there has been little doubt that New Labour is deeply influenced by the thoughts and sentiments of Amitai Etzioni and the new communitarian movement. Prideaux 1 and Heron 2 independently point to the original but persisting concept of ‘stakeholding’ and its emphasis on individuals taking an

in The Third Way and beyond
Armando Barrientos
and
Martin Powell

This chapter aims to place the debate about the Third Way in the wider context of European social policy. It builds on Amitai Etzioni's picture to examine the route map of the Third Way. The chapter explores the different definitions of 'the Third Way', and ways of differentiating it from first and second ways. It illustrates some of the themes in the context of Merkel's different ways or paths of social democracy in Europe. Jospin claimed that social democratic plans in Europe were faithful to 'all the values that lie at the heart of socialism: citizenship, social justice, democracy, the desire for progress and the will to control this progress and our collective destiny'. A number of commentators have suggested broad characteristics/themes of the Third Way, or new social democracy.

in The Third Way and beyond
Abstract only
Community values versus privacy
Kieron O’Hara

Privacy has sometimes been seen, for example in Confucian thought, and by communitarians such as Amitai Etzioni, as problematic for communities, by undermining security, stability and equality. Anonymity can be a cloak for anti-social behaviour. Richard Posner has argued that information is a public good, information asymmetries harmful and privacy should be paid for. Blackmail, on this account, may be less harmful than concealing the secret. Concerned citizens, informed of their fellows’ affairs, can police communities better than an external policing agency. Protections for the environment will require surveillance, as do technological methods for making urban spaces (smart cities) more efficient or equitable. Ultimately, openness itself can be seen as a primary value, delivering many social benefits, while its costs are overplayed, as argued by Jeff Jarvis. However, this chapter argues that this communitarian view, often summarised as ‘nothing to hide, nothing to fear’, diminishes the protections of the citizen disproportionately. It may be intended only to use information for the public good, but mission creep means it will be used in the future for growing numbers of purposes. It is impossible to prevent this happening by writing laws in the present.

in The seven veils of privacy
Eunice Goes

, journalists and political commentators started to raise questions about the party’s ‘Big Idea’. The answer to this quest was quickly found in the national press. Melanie Phillips, in the Observer , wrote that Blair’s speeches had the ‘imprints’ of the American communitarian thinker Amitai Etzioni; 1 and, in the Guardian , Seumas Milne claimed that Tony Blair’s New Labour

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Luke Martell

Blair’s supposed gurus – John Macmurray – means by community . Simon Prideaux establishes ( chapter 7 ) some – in his view – inappropriate antecedents for community in the early thought of another alleged guru of the Third Way: Amitai Etzioni. Eunice Goes suggests that communitarianism may be all well and good but that it has replaced one of the landmarks in left-wing thinking – a

in The Third Way and beyond
Abstract only
Architecture and affordances
Kieron O’Hara

reintegrating and becoming useful citizens (Logan and Prescott 2021 ). In considering the extent of the breach of offenders’ privacy, Amitai Etzioni argued that, although the information was sensitive (often including addresses and photographs), the high transaction costs of searches would deter merely vindictive investigations, while those with serious concerns, prepared to devote more resources, could find the

in The seven veils of privacy
Howard Brick

corporation as the central institution of postindustrial society. 20 This order was to be government-centred, future-oriented and dependent on planning the cultivation of knowledge and expertise in terms of social needs rather than (solely) old economic norms of efficiency. Meanwhile, Columbia University sociologist Amitai Etzioni, in a 1968 book dedicated to his radical students in New York and Berkeley, described what he called an ‘active society’, reforming itself in order to approximate more closely its

in Post-everything
Open Access (free)
Individuals acting together
Keith Graham

acknowledged, questions arise about the priority among them. Amitai Etzioni has argued for layered loyalties ‘divided between commitment to one’s immediate community and to the more encompassing community, and according priority to the overarching one on key select matters’. 5 But it may be less than clear which community counts as the overarching one. Neera Badhwar says that she ‘will follow communitarian practice in using “society

in Political concepts