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Staging spectacles in changing cities

) 2008 Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion Zaha Hadid 2008 Beijing Olympic Stadium (Bird’s Nest) Herzog & de Meuron 2010 Shanghai China National Pavilion (He Jintang) 2012, London Aquatic Centre Zaha Hadid Orbit Tower Anish Kapoor Olympic Stadium (HOK/Populous) 2015 Milan Expo Park Herzog & de Meuron 2016 Rio de Janeiro Museum of Tomorrow Santiago Calatrava 2020 Dubai Expo Masterplan (HOK/Populous) 2020 Tokyo Olympic Stadium (Originally Zaha Hadid)1 Sources: On Expos see note 12 and BIE website ( On Olympics see the IOC website (www

in Mega-events and social change
London as an event city and the 2012 Olympics

its naming rights. The structure which emerged from the design competition is located in the South Park near the Olympic Stadium.31 It is essentially a large-scale 114-metre-high piece of public art (created by the internationally renowned artist Anish Kapoor) which is also designed to act as a public viewing tower. As a world city London has long compared unfavourably with other such cities in terms of its provision for visitors to take a bird’s eye view of the city, of its quarters, major buildings and skyline, from high platforms. This is one of the reasons for

in Mega-events and social change