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Ninth-century histories, volume II
Author: Timothy Reuter

This book presents a rough translation of the Annals of Fulda (AF). By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. The AF are the principal narrative source written from a perspective east of the Rhine for the period in which the Carolingian Empire gave way to a number of successor kingdoms, including the one which was to become Germany. AF offer the major narrative account of the east Frankish kingdom from the death of Louis the Pious down to the end of the ninth century. The surviving manuscripts are only an echo of what must once have been a much more extensive transmission, to judge by the use made of AF by a number of later annalists and compilers. The brief description of the manuscript tradition must be amplified by looking at the content of the annals. For the years 714 to 830 the work is undoubtedly a compilation which draws on earlier annals, in particular on the Royal Frankish Annals and the Lorsch Frankish Chronicle, with occasional use of other smaller sets of annals and saints' lives. The account of the origins of AF was heavily criticised by Siegmund Hellmann in a number of articles written some fifteen years after the appearance of Friedrich Kurze's edition in 1891.

Timothy Reuter

This chapter contains the text of The Annals of Fulda in full, translated and annotated by Timothy Reuter.

in The Annals of Fulda
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Timothy Reuter

The Annals of Fulda and their authorship By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. 1 The earliest annals were probably no more than brief marginal notes on the tables used for calculating the date of Easter, but it was soon discovered that an account of events organised year by year could be not simply an

in The Annals of Fulda
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Pursuing enemies to death in France between the ninth and the eleventh centuries
John Gillingham

–18. 14 The Annals of Fulda , trans. T. Reuter (Manchester, 1992), p. 19. This battle rates one sentence in the Annals of St Bertin and eight words in Nithard, though the latter had earlier noted that Adalbert had a mortal hatred for Louis: Nithard, Histoire des fils de Louis le Pieux , ed. Ph. Lauer (Paris, 1926), pp. 58, 66

in Frankland
Janet L. Nelson

) under Hilduin’s supervision, roughly until the death of Louis the Pious in 840. Thereafter, during the ensuing three or four decades, there were independent continuations of those annals in the western, middle and eastern Frankish kingdoms. From the 840s until the late 880s, the so-called Annals of Fulda were produced in the orbit of the archbishop of Mainz; the so-called Annals of Xanten were written for much of that period at, perhaps, Ghent, then Cologne by the one-time court librarian, Gerward; and the Annals of St-Bertin were written by Bishop Prudentius at

in Hincmar of Rheims
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Gottschalk of Orbais and the predestination controversy in the archdiocese of Rheims
Matthew Bryan Gillis

.  145–53; and Chazelle, Crucified God , pp.  181–7. 20 Annales Fuldenses , s.a. 848, ed. F. Kurze, MGH SRG 7 (Hanover, 1891), pp.  37–8 (trans. T. Reuter, The Annals of Fulda (Manchester, 1992), p.  28, n.7). 21 Hincmar, De praedestinatione Dei , PL 125, col. 84, c.  2. 22 Annales Fuldenses , s.a. 848, ed. Kurze, pp.  37–8 (trans. Reuter, Annals of Fulda , p.  28, n.7). 23 Ibid . and Annales Xantenses , s.a. 848, ed. B. von Simson, MGH SRG 12 (Hanover

in Hincmar of Rheims
Hincmar and Lothar I
Elina Screen

, suggests Ermengard was hostile to Ebbo, having received his abbeys (Lothar removed Bobbio and Stablo from Ebbo: Hincmar, Epistola 198, p.  211). 27 Hincmar, Epistola 10, MGH Epp.  8, p.  4, after June 846. 28 Hincmar, Epistola 12, MGH Epp.  8, pp.  4–5. 29 Annales Fuldenses , s.a. 846, ed. F. Kurze, MGH SRG 7 (Hanover, 1891), p.  36 (trans. T. Reuter, The Annals of Fulda (Manchester, 1992), pp.  24–5). 30 AB s.a. 844–45, pp.  46–51 (trans. Nelson, pp.  58

in Hincmar of Rheims
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Janet L. Nelson

cross-references to other ninth-century historical sources, especially annalistic ones of which translations are forthcoming in the Manchester University Press series. (References to the notes to the Annals of Fulda are to T. Reuter’s translation.) I have given references to the standard (usually MGH ) editions of primary materials in Latin (especially councils, capitularies and papal letters) as

in The Annals of St-Bertin
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Jenny Benham

Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum , 60; Christiansen, The Northern Crusades , 61. 46 Saxo, DRHH , ii, 504–9. 47 For a few examples, see The Annals of Fulda , tr. T. Reuter (Manchester, 1992), 61, fn.13; Widukind

in Peacemaking in the Middle Ages
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Simon MacLean

narrative sources (along with the Annals of Fulda, St-Bertin and St-Vaast) for the history of the second half of the ninth century. But Regino was more than an eyewitness: he was a participant. If the end of the empire dominated Regino’s historical perspective, this is partly because its consequences intersected with the dramatic events of his own career, which by his account was

in History and politics in late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe