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The return of citizenship claims

11  Marisol García Cities under economic austerity: the return of citizenship claims Citizenship is the engine for the creation of spaces for collective action when people’s life chances have been undermined and urban societies experience social and political tensions. Low wages and unemployment challenge social citizenship and so do the diminishing economic and social entitlements of workers. Historically the first two – wages and unemployment benefits – were the battlefield of industrial and social citizenship. But the other two gradually became incorporated

in Western capitalism in transition
Stories from modern nomads

On the global stage the British diaspora, proportionate to its population, remains one of the largest. This book is the first social history to explore experiences of British emigrants from the peak years of the 1960s to the emigration resurgence of the turn of the twentieth century. It explores migrant experiences in Australia, Canada and New Zealand alongside other countries. The book charts the gradual reinvention of the 'British diaspora' from a postwar migration of austerity to a modern migration of prosperity. It is divided into two parts. First part presents a decade-by-decade chronology of changes in migration patterns and experience, progressing gradually from the postwar migration of austerity to a more discretionary mobility of affluence. It discusses 'pioneers of modern mobility'; the 1970s rise in non-white migration and the decline of British privilege in the old Commonwealth countries of white settlement; 'Thatcher's refugees' and cosmopolitanism and 'lifestyle' migration. Second part shifts from a chronological to a thematic focus, by drilling down into some of the more prominent themes encountered. It explores the interplay of patterns of change and continuity in the migrant careers of skilled workers, trade unionists, professionals and mobile academics. The push and pull of private life, migration to transform a way of life, and migrant and return experiences discussed highlight the underlying theme of continuity amidst change. The long process of change from the 1960s to patterns of discretionary, treechange and nomadic migration became more common practice from the end of the twentieth century.

devaluation, and austerity-oriented fiscal policies are used to complement and Labour policies in a deflationary environment 269 reinforce the structural reforms. Consequently, the landscape of industrial relations has deeply changed and the ‘European social acquis’, rooted in social dialogue and public systems of social protection, is everywhere in retreat. A ‘toxic austeritarism’ (Hyman, 2015) ‘has left little or no margin for domestic democratic institutions and social actors, downgraded from political to executive subjects’ (Leonardi, 2016). The long crisis and the

in Making work more equal
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The bank guarantee and Ireland’s financialised neo-liberal growth model

alternative cure but austerity, with Ireland again featuring as a prime example. This chapter looks at how the bank guarantee epitomises the Irish case of the perverse legacy of the crisis and the contradictory path of neo-liberalism. Discussing the bank guarantee and the ensuing crisis is to wade into by now well-worn territory. The crisis has generated endless commentary which identifies a range of culprits for Ireland’s economic disaster, including a cast of nutty bankers, greedy builders, public sector wasters, crony politicians, inept bureau­crats and, more broadly

in Defining events
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’

which has also presided over extensive labour market fragmentation. Constructing the public sphere in the realm of work and employment In a comparative study of the impact of austerity on Southern European economies since 2008, Koukiadaki and colleagues (2016) have argued that those normally right-wing and/or elite European Commission-based commentators and politicians criticising the lack of labour flexibility in Greece, Portugal and Spain have tended to ignore the fact that these systems emerged from oppressive regimes where you would not have anticipated the

in Making work more equal
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The modern drive to emigrate

example, went through successive stages of austerity up to the early 1960s, and the emigration of the period was itself one of austerity. By contrast, the succeeding decades, with some interruptions, ushered in a relative age of prosperity and affluence, and from the 1970s a decline of income differentials between Britain and receiving countries.3 The changes heralded a gradual shift to a migration of prosperity, best exemplified by the discretionary choices migrants faced when they moved, not just for better employment opportunities but in search of preferred

in Migrants of the British diaspora since the 1960S
The 1980 Moscow boycott through contemporary Asian–African perspectives

authorities and media. There was no single boycott, as re-examination of the boycott within different national contexts shows a complicated variety of purposes for joining the boycott, ranging from public display of governmental fiscal austerity by corrupt regimes, to support for a growing pan-Islamic movement, to reinvigorating the non-aligned movement in order to punish a belligerent superpower, to enforcing authoritarian rule at home. The 1980 boycott also resonated with the memory of previous Olympic protests, particularly Indonesia’s attempt to create an alternate

in Sport and diplomacy
Global processes, local challenges

This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.

Greyhound racing in Britain, 1945 to the 1960s

interests in the pressure applied upon government and the Royal Commission on Betting, Lotteries and Gaming (Willink) of 1949–​51. Much to the chagrin of the bookmakers the Attlee government then decided to even up on on-​course betting. In his 1948 Budget, the Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps, ‘Austerity Cripps’, the very man who had so vehemently and unfairly criticised greyhound racing for interfering with production during the Second World War, imposed a tax on bookmakers attending greyhound meeting, which varied according to the number of bookmaking

in Going to the dogs
Irish republican media activism since the Good Friday Agreement

Newspapers, magazines and pamphlets have always been central, almost sacred, forms of communication within Irish republican political culture. While social media is becoming the primary ideological battleground in many democracies, Irish republicanism steadfastly expresses itself in the traditional forms of activist journalism.

Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters is a long-term analysis of the development of Irish republican activist media since 1998 and the tumultuous years following the end of the Troubles. It is the first in-depth analysis of the newspapers, magazines and online spaces in which the differing strands of Irish republicanism developed and were articulated during a period where schism and dissent defined a return to violence.

Based on an analysis of Irish republican media outlets as well as interviews with the key activists that produced them, this book provides a compelling long-term snapshot of a political ideology in transition. It reveals how Irish Republicanism was moulded by the twin forces of the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the violent internal ideological schism that threatened a return to the ‘bad old days’ of the Troubles.

This book is vital for those studying Irish politics and those interestedin activism as it provides new insights into the role that modern activist media forms have played in the ideological development of a 200-year-old political tradition.